Kingswood (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 51°27′43″N 2°30′14″W / 51.462°N 2.504°W / 51.462; -2.504

Kingswood
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Kingswood in Avon.
Outline map
Location of Avon within England.
County 1974–1996 Avon
1996–2010 South Gloucestershire
Electorate 67,199 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created February 1974
Member of Parliament Chris Skidmore (Conservative)
Number of members One
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South West England

Kingswood is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Chris Skidmore, a Conservative.[n 2]

History[edit]

The constituency has existed since the February 1974 general election. This marginal constituency has been held by the Conservative and Labour parties to date. Before the 2010 election when the seat was held by Labour it was on 135 the Conservative Party target seats list [2] and in the 2015 election it is 41 on the Labour Party target seats list[3]

Boundaries[edit]

1974-1983: The Urban Districts of Kingswood and Mangotsfield; and the Rural District of Warmley.

1983-1997: The District of Kingswood wards of Chase, Chiphouse, Downend, Forest, Hanham, Mangotsfield, New Cheltenham, Soundwell, Staple Hill, and Woodstock; and the City of Bristol wards of Frome Vale, Hillfields, St George East, and St George West.

1997-2010: The Borough of Kingswood wards of Badminton, Blackhorse, Bromley Heath, Chase, Chiphouse, Downend, Forest, Hanham, Mangotsfield, New Cheltenham, Oldland Barrs Court, Oldland Cadbury Heath, Oldland Longwell Green, Siston, Soundwell, Springfield, Staple Hill, and Woodstock; and the City of Bristol wards of Frome Vale and Hillfields.

2010-present: The District of South Gloucestershire wards of Bitton, Hanham, Kings Chase, Longwell Green, Oldland Common, Parkwall, Rodway, Siston, and Woodstock.

The constituency covers part of the South Gloucestershire unitary authority, consisting of the eastern suburbs of Bristol and commuter villages outside of the city boundary, including the town of Kingswood. It largely corresponds to the former borough of Kingswood.

The Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies prompted the boundary changes with effect from the 2010 general election.[4] In particular, all wards in the constituency are now from the South Gloucestershire authority. Prior to 2010, the Frome Vale and Hillfields wards of the City of Bristol were part of the Kingswood constituency, but have been transferred to Bristol East. Within South Gloucestershire, the Kingswood seat has gained Hanham, Bitton and Oldland Common from the former Wansdyke constituency, but lost Downend and Staple Hill to the new Filton and Bradley Stoke seat.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[5] Party
Feb 1974 Terry Walker Labour
1979 Jack Aspinwall Conservative
1983 Robert Hayward Conservative
1992 Roger Berry Labour
2010 Chris Skidmore Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Kingswood[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jo McCarron[7]
Conservative Chris Skidmore
General election 2010: Kingswood[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Chris Skidmore 19,362 40.4 +8.3
Labour Roger Berry 16,917 35.3 −10.6
Liberal Democrat Sally Fitzharris 8,072 16.8 −1.2
UKIP Neil Dowdney 1,528 3.2 +0.8
BNP Michael Carey 1,311 2.7 +2.7
Green Nick Foster 383 0.8 +0.8
English Democrats Michael Blundell 333 0.7 +0.7
Majority 2,445 5.1 −8.9
Turnout 47,906 72.2 +5.5
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +9.4

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Kingswood
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Roger Berry 26,491 47.0 −7.9
Conservative Owen Inskip 18,618 33.1 +4.7
Liberal Democrat Geoff Brewer 9,089 16.1 +1.4
UKIP John Knight 1,444 2.6 +0.5
Independent David Burnside 669 1.2 N/A
Majority 7,873 14.0 −12.5
Turnout 56,311 66.7 +2.1
Labour hold Swing −6.3

At the 2005 general election, Labour received more votes in this constituency than any other. However, the number of votes for the second-placed Conservatives meant that it was not Labour's largest majority.[citation needed]

General Election 2001: Kingswood
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Roger Berry 28,903 54.9 +1.1
Conservative Robert Marven 14,941 28.4 −1.6
Liberal Democrat Christopher Greenfield 7,747 14.7 +1.9
UKIP David Smith 1,085 2.1 N/A
Majority 13,962 26.5
Turnout 52,676 64.6 −13.0
Labour hold Swing +2.7

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Kingswood[9][10][11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Roger Berry 32,181 53.7 +13.1
Conservative Jon Howard 17,928 29.9 −15.9
Liberal Democrat Mrs Jeanne B. Pinkerton 7,672 12.8 −0.8
Referendum Party Alexandra Reather 1,463 2.4 N/A
BNP Peter Hart 290 0.5 N/A
Natural Law Andrew Harding 238 0.4 N/A
Independent Andrew Nicolson 115 0.2 N/A
Majority 14,253 23.8 +18.6
Turnout 59,884 77.6
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1992: Kingswood[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Roger Berry 26,774 44.5 +7.1
Conservative Robert Hayward 24,404 40.6 −4.3
Liberal Democrat Mrs Jeanne B. Pinkerton 8,967 14.9 −2.8
Majority 2,370 3.9 −3.6
Turnout 60,145 83.8 +3.7
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +5.7

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Kingswood
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Hayward 26,300 44.89
Labour RL Berry 21,907 37.39
Social Democratic P Whittle 10,382 17.72
Majority 4,393 7.50
Turnout 80.16
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Kingswood
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Hayward 22,573 40.35
Labour Terry Walker 20,776 37.14
Social Democratic M Gilbert 12,591 22.51
Majority 1,797 3.21
Turnout 77.52
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Kingswood
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Jack Aspinwall 23,553 45.37
Labour Terry Walker 23,250 44.79
Liberal A Wilson 4,852 9.35
National Front R Bale 258 0.50
Majority 303 0.58
Turnout 86.19
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election October 1974: Kingswood
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Terry Walker 20,703 44.00
Conservative D Hunt 18,173 38.54
Liberal Jack Aspinwall 8,216 17.46
Majority 2,566 5.45
Turnout 84.08
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Kingswood
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Terry Walker 18,616 38.73
Conservative CG Irving 16,975 35.32
Liberal Jack Aspinwall 12,471 25.95
Majority 1,641 3.41
Turnout 86.70
Labour hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ http://conservativehome.blogs.com/goldlist/2010/05/hits-and-misses-on-the-tory-target-list-at-the-2010-general-election-.html
  3. ^ http://labourlist.org/2013/01/labours-106-battleground-target-seats-for-2015/
  4. ^ "Final Recommendations for Parliamentary Constituency Boundaries in the Unitary Authority of South Gloucesterhire" (MS Word). Boundary Commission for England. 14 November 2001. Retrieved 1 October 2010. 
  5. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "K" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  6. ^ http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/2015guide/Kingswood/
  7. ^ http://www.kingswoodlabour.org.uk
  8. ^ "Election 2010: Kingswood". BBC News. Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  9. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1997. Politics Resources. 1 May 1997. Retrieved 7 January 2011. 
  10. ^ C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies, p.106 (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
  11. ^ The 1997 swings are calculated relative to the notional, not the actual, 1992 result.
  12. ^ Boundary changes meant that Kingswood was notionally a Conservative seat in 1992, which is why this is described as a Labour gain despite the fact that Roger Berry was the incumbent Labour MP.
  13. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.