Poospiza

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Poospiza
Poospiza nigrorufa siete vestidos (2).jpg
Black-and-rufous warbling finch
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Thraupidae
Genus: Poospiza
Cabanis, 1847
Species

About 15, see text

Poospiza is a genus of finch-like tanagers[1] found in both the South American lowlands and the Andes mountains. Generally they are arboreal feeders in light woodland and scrub. All have extensive grey to their plumage, and have—often bold—white or rufous markings.[2]

Taxonomy[edit]

Despite many similarities in plumage the genus—as traditionally defined—appears to consist of four groups each of which are paraphyletic with representatives of six other tanager genera[3] all forming a well-supported clade.[4] Lougheed[4] studied twelve of the seventeen species and consistently recovered the following four groups:

  • 1. P. hypochondria and P. caesar
  • 2. P. torquata, P. melanoleuca, P. alticola, and P. erythrophrys
  • 3. P. baeri and P. garleppi.
  • 4. P. ornata and P. boliviana

Based on this and other evidence, the two members of group 3 have recently been moved from Poospiza into the resurrected genus Compsospiza.[5]

Additionally, P. caesar was formerly classified in the monotypic genus Poospizopsis.

Species list[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Klicka et al. (2007)
  2. ^ Ridgely & Tudor (1989) pp.453-460
  3. ^ Cnemoscopus, Cypsnagra, Hemispingus, Nephelornis, Pyrrhocoma, Thlypopsis
  4. ^ a b Lougheed et al. (2000)
  5. ^ Nores (2008)

References[edit]

  • Assis, C. P., M. A. Raposo & R. Parrini. 2007. Validação de Poospiza cabanisi Bonaparte, 1850 (Passeriformes: Emberizidae). Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 15(1): 103-102.
  • Klicka, J., K. Burns, & G. M. Spellman. 2007. Defining a monophyletic Cardinalini: A molecular perspective. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45: 1014-1032
  • Lougheed, S. C., J. R. Freeland, P. Handford, & I. T. Boag. 2000. A molecular phylogeny of warbling-finches (Poospiza): paraphyly in a Neotropical emberizid genus. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 17: 367-378.
  • Nores, M. 2008. Resurgir el Género Compsospiza. South American Classification Committee. Accessed 27-04-2009.
  • Ridgely, R. S., & G. Tudor. 1989. The Birds of South America, vol. 1. Univ. Texas Press, Austin.