Portuguese legislative election, 1987
The Portuguese legislative election of 1987 took place on 19 July. In the last election, in 1985, the Social Democratic Party had achieved a relative majority, thing that made its government very weak, managing to survive in coalition with the Democratic and Social Center and the Democratic Renewal Party, and after the approval of a no confidence resolution from the left-wing parties, with the aid of the Democratic Renewal Party, the government fell and Mário Soares, the President at the time, called for a new election.
The election was won by the Social Democratic Party, that with a growing popularity, won with a large majority, the biggest ever in the Portuguese parliamentary history. The left-wing Democratic Unity Coalition lost some of its MPs to the Socialist Party and the Democratic Renovator Party lost almost all of its influence, mainly due to its responsibility in the fall of the former government. The right-wing Democratic and Social Center lost almost a half of the voting, due to the useful voting effect on the also right-wing, Social Democratic Party. European elections were held on the same day.
The major parties involved and the respective leaders:
- Democratic Unity Coalition (CDU), Álvaro Cunhal
- Socialist Party (PS), Vítor Constâncio
- Democratic Renewal Party (PRD), Ramalho Eanes
- Social Democratic Party (PSD), Cavaco Silva
- Democratic and Social Center (CDS), Lucas Pires
Aníbal Cavaco Silva, leader of the Social Democratic Party, was nominated Prime Minister.
The following table shows the opinion polls of voting intention of the Portuguese voters before the election. Those parties that are listed are currently represented in parliament. Included is also the result of the Portuguese general elections in 1985 and 1987 for reference.
|Date Released||Institute||Social Democratic||Socialist||Green-Communist||Democratic Renewal||Democratic
and Social Centre
|19 July 1987||Election Results||50.2%
|19 July 1987||Exit Poll - RTP1||48.0% – 50.0%||21.0% – 23.0%||12.5% – 14.5%||5.0% – 7.0%||3.0% – 5.0%||27.0%|
|19 July 1987||Exit Poll - Antena1||45.0% – 47.0%||24.0% – 25.0%||–||–||–||21.0% – 22.0%|
|17 July 1987||Euroexpansão/Expresso||41.0% – 44.0%||22.0% – 25.0%||13.0% – 15.0%||11.0% – 14.0%||4.0% – 6.0%||19.0%|
|6 October 1985||Election Results||29.9%
National summary of votes and seats
|Democratic Unity Coalition[A][B]||689,137||12.14||3.4||38||31||7||12.40||2.8||1.02|
|Democratic and Social Centre||251,987||4.44||5.6||22||4||18||1.60||7.2||0.36|
|People's Democratic Union||50,717||0.89||0.4||0||0||0||0.00||0.0||0.0|
|Revolutionary Socialist Party||32,977||0.58||0.0||0||0||0||0.00||0.0||0.0|
|Portuguese Democratic Movement||32,607||0.57||—||—||0||—||0.00||—||0.0|
|Christian Democratic Party||31,667||0.56||0.1||0||0||0||0.00||0.0||0.0|
|People's Monarchist Party||23,218||0.41||—||—||0||—||0.00||—||0.0|
|Workers' Communist Party||20,800||0.37||0.1||0||0||0||0.00||0.0||0.0|
|Communist Party (Reconstructed)||18,544||0.33||0.1||0||0||0||0.00||0.0||0.0|
|Workers Party of Socialist Unity||9,185||0.16||0.6||0||0||0||0.00||0.0||0.0|
|Total (turnout 71.57%)||5,676,358||100.00||2.6|
|A In 1985, as United People Alliance.
B Portuguese Communist Party (29 MPs) and "The Greens" (2 MPs) ran in coalition.
|Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições|