Portuguese legislative election, 1987

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Portuguese legislative election, 1987
Portugal
1985 ←
19 July 1987
→ 1991

250 seats to the Portuguese Assembly
125 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Cavaco Silva 2007 quadrada.jpg Vítor Constancio at Chatham House.jpg
Leader Aníbal Cavaco Silva Vítor Constâncio
Party Social Democratic Socialist
Leader since 2 June 1985 1986
Leader's seat Lisbon[1] Lisbon[2]
Last election 88 seats, 29.9% 57 seats, 20.8%
Seats won 148 60
Seat change Increase 60 Increase 3
Popular vote 2,850,784 1,262,506
Percentage 50.2% 22.2%
Swing Increase 20.3% Increase 1.4%

Prime Minister before election

Cavaco Silva
Social Democratic

Prime Minister-elect

Cavaco Silva
Social Democratic

Portugal
Coat of arms of Portugal.svg

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Portugal

The Portuguese legislative election of 1987 took place on 19 July. In the last election, in 1985, the Social Democratic Party had achieved a relative majority, thing that made its government very weak, managing to survive in coalition with the Democratic and Social Center and the Democratic Renewal Party, and after the approval of a no confidence resolution from the left-wing parties, with the aid of the Democratic Renewal Party, the government fell and Mário Soares, the President at the time, called for a new election.

The election was won by the Social Democratic Party, that with a growing popularity, won with a large majority, the biggest ever in the Portuguese parliamentary history. The left-wing Democratic Unity Coalition lost some of its MPs to the Socialist Party and the Democratic Renovator Party lost almost all of its influence, mainly due to its responsibility in the fall of the former government. The right-wing Democratic and Social Center lost almost a half of the voting, due to the useful voting effect on the also right-wing, Social Democratic Party. European elections were held on the same day.

Parties[edit]

The major parties involved and the respective leaders:

Aníbal Cavaco Silva, leader of the Social Democratic Party, was nominated Prime Minister.

Opinion Polling[edit]

See also: Exit poll and Opinion poll

The following table shows the opinion polls of voting intention of the Portuguese voters before the election. Those parties that are listed are currently represented in parliament. Included is also the result of the Portuguese general elections in 1985 and 1987 for reference.

125 seats needed for a majority
Date Released Institute Social Democratic Socialist Green-Communist Democratic Renewal Democratic
and Social Centre
Lead
19 July 1987 Election Results 50.2%
148 seats
22.2%
60 seats
12.1%
31 seats
4.9%
7 seats
4.4%
4 seats
28.0%
19 July 1987 Exit Poll - RTP1 48.0% – 50.0% 21.0% – 23.0% 12.5% – 14.5% 5.0% – 7.0% 3.0% – 5.0% 27.0%
19 July 1987 Exit Poll - Antena1 45.0% – 47.0% 24.0% – 25.0% 21.0% – 22.0%
17 July 1987 Euroexpansão/Expresso 41.0% – 44.0% 22.0% – 25.0% 13.0% – 15.0% 11.0% – 14.0% 4.0% – 6.0% 19.0%
6 October 1985 Election Results 29.9%
88 seats
20.8%
57 seats
15.5%
38 seats
17.9%
45 seats
10.0%
22 seats
9.1%

National summary of votes and seats[edit]

e • d Summary of the 19 July 1987 Assembly of the Republic elections results
Parties Votes % ± MPs MPs %/
votes %
1985 1987 ± % ±
Social Democratic 2,850,784 50.22 Increase20.3 88 148 Increase60 59.20 Increase24.0 1.18
Socialist 1,262,506 22.24 Increase1.4 57 60 Increase3 24.00 Increase1.2 1.08
Democratic Unity Coalition[A][B] 689,137 12.14 Decrease3.4 38 31 Decrease7 12.40 Decrease2.8 1.02
Democratic Renewal 278,561 4.91 Decrease13.0 45 7 Decrease38 2.80 Decrease15.2 0.57
Democratic and Social Centre 251,987 4.44 Decrease5.6 22 4 Decrease18 1.60 Decrease7.2 0.36
People's Democratic Union 50,717 0.89 Decrease0.4 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Revolutionary Socialist Party 32,977 0.58 Decrease0.0 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Portuguese Democratic Movement 32,607 0.57 0 0.00 0.0
Christian Democratic Party 31,667 0.56 Decrease0.1 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
People's Monarchist Party 23,218 0.41 0 0.00 0.0
Workers' Communist Party 20,800 0.37 Increase0.1 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Communist Party (Reconstructed) 18,544 0.33 Increase0.1 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Workers Party of Socialist Unity 9,185 0.16 Decrease0.6 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Total valid 5,552,690 97.82 Increase0.3 250 250 Steady0 100.00 Steady0.0
Blank ballots 50,135 0.88 Increase0.1
Invalid ballots 73,533 1.30 Decrease0.4
Total (turnout 71.57%) 5,676,358 100.00 Decrease2.6
A In 1985, as United People Alliance.
B Portuguese Communist Party (29 MPs) and "The Greens" (2 MPs) ran in coalition.
[3]
Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições
Vote share
PSD
  
50.22%
PS
  
22.24%
CDU
  
12.14%
PRD
  
4.91%
CDS-PP
  
4.44%
UDP
  
0.89%
Others/Invalides
  
5.16%

References[edit]

External links[edit]

See also[edit]