President of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong
|President of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong
|Term length||4 years|
|Inaugural holder||Henry Pottinger
John Joseph Swaine
The President of the Legislative Council (Chinese: 香港特別行政區立法會主席) is the speaker of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong. According to the Article 71 of the Hong Kong Basic Law, the President of the Legislative Council is elected by and from among Legislative Council members, plays the presiding role, administrative role and ceremonial role, and ensures the smooth conduct of the Legislative Council meetings.
From the establishment of the council in 1843 to 1993, the President of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong was the Governor. In 1991, a Deputy President, Sir John Joseph Swaine, was appointed by the governor from among the members to chair the sittings. The governor remained president and member, but systematically absented himself from most of the sittings. In February 1993, the governor ceased to be member and president of the council. The presidency was handed over to a member elected from among the unofficial members.
Under the current system, the President shall be a Chinese citizen and permanent resident of Hong Kong SAR of not less than 40 years of age, with no right of abode in any foreign country and has ordinarily resided in Hong Kong for continuous period of not less than 20 years old.
Under the Article 66 to 79 in the Basic Law, the Legislative Council Commission Ordinance Cap. 443, the Legislative Council (Powers and Privileges) Ordinance Cap. 382 and the Rules of Procedure of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (RoP), the President performs the following roles in the Council:
The President presides over Council meetings and ensures that businesses are transacted in an orderly way during the Council meetings. In the absence of the President, the chairman of the House Committee serves as deputy to the President.
The President determines the day and hours of the meetings. He or she may change agenda, suspend a meeting, and call a special meeting, or adjourn the Legislative Council.
The President shall call emergency meetings at the request of the Chief Executive.
The President is responsible for the observance of the rules of order in the Legislative Council and his or her decision on a point of order shall be final.
The President is also the chairman of the Legislative Council Commission, a statutory body and provides administrative support and services for the Legislative Council and its members through the Legislative Council secretariat.
The Legislative Council Commission determines the organization and administration of support services and facilities, formulate and execute polices on their effective operation and expand funds in ways it see fit to support these activities.
The President is accorded the sixth place in the official precedence list following the Chief Executive, the Chief Justice of the Court of Final Appeal, the Chief Secretary for Administration, the Financial Secretary and the Secretary for Justice. He or she is the representative of the Legislative Council on ceremonial and formal occasions.
List of presidents
British Colonial period
|#||Portrait||Name||Took Office||Left Office|
|1||Sir Henry Pottinger||26 June 1843||1844|
|2||Sir John Francis Davis||8 May 1844||1848|
|3||Sir George Bonham||21 March 1848||1854|
|4||Sir John Bowring||13 April 1854||1859|
|5||Sir Hercules Robinson||9 September 1859||1865|
|6||Sir Richard Graves MacDonnell||11 March 1866||1872|
|7||Sir Arthur Kennedy||16 April 1872||1877|
|8||Sir John Pope Hennessy||22 April 1877||1882|
|9||Sir George Ferguson Bowen||30 March 1883||1885|
|10||Sir George William Des Vœux||6 October 1887||1891|
|11||Sir William Robinson||10 December 1891||1898|
|12||Sir Henry Arthur Blake||25 November 1898||1903|
|13||Sir Matthew Nathan||29 July 1904||1904|
|14||Lord Frederick Lugard||29 July 1907||1912|
|15||Sir Francis Henry May||24 July 1912||1919|
|16||Sir Reginald Edward Stubbs||30 September 1919||1925|
|17||Sir Cecil Clementi||1 November 1925||1930|
|18||Sir William Peel||9 May 1930||1935|
|19||Sir Andrew Caldecott||12 December 1935||1937|
|20||Sir Geoffry Northcote||28 October 1937||1941|
|21||Sir Mark Aitchison Young||10 September 1941||1941|
Japanese occupation period
From 25 December 1941 to 30 August 1945, the office was suspended due to Japanese Occupation of Hong Kong.
British Colonial period (continued)
|#||Portrait||Name||Took Office||Left Office||Notes|
|–||Colonial Secretary Franklin Charles Gimson||1945||1945||Acting|
|23||Rear Admiral Sir Cecil Halliday Jepson Harcourt –||1945||1946||Head of British Military Government|
|24||Sir Mark Aitchison Young||1946||1947||Restoration|
|25||Sir Alexander Grantham||25 July 1947||1957|
|26||Sir Robert Brown Black||23 January 1958||1964|
|27||Sir David Clive Crosbie Trench||14 April 1964||1971|
|28||Lord MacLehose of Beoch||19 November 1971||1982|
|29||Sir Edward Youde||20 May 1982||1986|
|30||Lord Wilson of Tillyorn||9 April 1987||1992|
|31||Chris Patten||9 July 1992||1993|
|32||Sir John Joseph Swaine||19 February 1993||1995||First non-Governor President of LegCo|
|33||Andrew Wong Wang-fat||11 October 1995||26 June 1997||First ethnic Chinese President|
After transfer of the sovereignty to China
|No.||Portrait||Name||Assembly||Affiliation||Constituency||Took Office||Left Office|
|President of the PLC|
|-||Rita Fan Hsu Lai-tai||PLC||Non-partisan||N/A||2 July 1997||October 1998|
|President of the LegCo|
|1||Rita Fan Hsu Lai-tai||I||Non-partisan||Election Committee||October 1998||October 2000|
|II||October 2000||October 2004|
|III||Hong Kong Island||October 2004||30 September 2008|
|2||Jasper Tsang Yok-sing||IV||DAB||Hong Kong Island||8 October 2008||17 July 2012|
|V||10 October 2012||Incumbent|
- "Legislative Council In Brief No. 2/2012-13", Legislative Council of Hong Kong