List of political parties in Hong Kong

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Politics and government
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Hong Kong has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power by controlling the Legislative Council. The Chief Executive is elected by an electoral college and is non-partisan, but has to rely on political parties in the legislature for support, effectively having a coalition government.

Hong Kong has no legislation for political parties, and thus has no legal definition for what a political party is. Most political parties and political groups registered either as limited companies or societies.

In Hong Kong there are two main political ideology campaigns, which presents to Pan-democracy camp and Pro-Beijing camp.

Present parties[edit]

The list includes also political groups, trade unions, professional associations and pressure groups in Hong Kong that have been active in elections but are not considered parties.

Parties and groups in the Legislative and District Councils[edit]

Party name Abbr. Associated ideology Current leader Regional affiliation Year of est. Representation
Legislative Council (2012) District Councils (2011)
Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong
民主建港協進聯盟
DAB Chinese nationalism,
National conservatism
Starry Lee Wai-king Pro-Beijing camp 1992 13 (18.6%) 132
Business and Professionals Alliance for Hong Kong
香港經濟民生聯盟
BPA Conservatism,
Economic liberalism
Andrew Leung Kwan-yuen Pro-Beijing camp 2012 7 (10.0%) 21
Democratic Party
民主黨
DP Social liberalism Emily Lau Wai-hing Pan-democracy camp 1994 6 (8.6%) 44
Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions
香港工會聯合會
FTU Chinese nationalism,
Chinese socialism
Lam Suk-yee Pro-Beijing camp 1948 6 (8.6%) 34
Civic Party
公民黨
CP Constitutionalism,
Social liberalism
Alan Leong Kah-kit Pan-democracy camp 2006 6 (8.6%) 7
Liberal Party
自由黨
LP Conservatism,
Economic liberalism,
Liberal conservatism
Vincent Fang Kang Pro-Beijing camp 1993 5 (7.1%) 12
Labour Party
工黨
LAB Environmentalism,
Social democracy
Lee Cheuk-yan Pan-democracy camp 2012 4 (5.7%) 0
New People's Party
新民黨
NPP Conservatism Regina Ip Lau Suk-yee Pro-Beijing camp 2011 2 (2.9%) 31
(incl. CF)
New Territories Association of Societies
新界社團聯會
NTAS Chinese nationalism,
National conservatism
Leung Che-cheung Pro-Beijing camp 1985 2 (2.9%)
(Part of DAB)
3
People Power
人民力量
PP Direct democracy, Populism,
Radical democracy
Erica Yuen Mi-ming Pan-democracy camp 2011 2 (2.9%) 1
Professional Commons
公共專業聯盟
PC Liberalism Charles Peter Mok Pan-democracy camp 2007 2 (2.9%) 0
Hong Kong Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood
香港民主民生協進會
ADPL Social democracy,
Social liberalism
Bruce Liu Sing-lee Pan-democracy camp 1986 1 (1.4%) 16
Neo Democrats
新民主同盟
ND Social liberalism,
Nativism
Chan King-ming, Gary Fan Kwok-wai,
Kwan Wing-yip and Leung Li
Pan-democracy camp 2010 1 (1.4%) 8
New Century Forum
新世紀論壇
NCF Conservatism Ma Fung-kwok Pro-Beijing camp 1999 1 (1.4%) 8
(undeclared)
Neighbourhood and Worker's Service Centre
街坊工友服務處
NWSC Liberalism,
Social democracy
Wu Wai-chung Pan-democracy camp 1985 1 (1.4%) 5
Federation of Hong Kong and Kowloon Labour Unions
港九勞工社團聯會
FLU Conservatism Ng Wai-yee Pro-Beijing camp 1984 1 (1.4%) 1
League of Social Democrats
社會民主連線
LSD Direct democracy,
Radical democracy,
Social democracy
Leung Kwok-hung Pan-democracy camp 2006 1 (1.4%) 0
Democratic Alliance
民主陣線
DA Liberalism Johnny Mak Ip-sing Pan-democracy camp 2003 0 1

Other parties and groups[edit]

Pan-democracy camp[edit]

Pro-Beijing camp[edit]

Independence[edit]

Communal pressure groups and Kaifong associations[edit]

Electoral coalitions[edit]

Defunct[edit]

See also[edit]