Prince of Brazil

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For the Brazilian title, see Prince of Brazil (Brazil)
Coat of arms of the Prince of Brazil.
Flag of the Prince of Brazil.

Prince of Brazil (Portuguese: Príncipe do Brasil) was the title held by the heir-apparent to the Kingdom of Portugal, from 1645 to 1815. Tied with the title of Prince of Brazil was the title Duke of Braganza and the various subsidiary titles of the Dukedom of Braganza.

The title's name has its origins in the Viceroyalty of Brazil, a colony of the Portuguese Empire.

The title was abandoned and changed to that of Prince Royal in the wake of Brazil's elevation from the status of a colony to the rank of a Kingdom united with Portugal in the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves.

Brazil would later break from the United Kingdom and become the independent Empire of Brazil. The heirs presumptive of Brazil were known as The Prince Imperial of Brazil or The Princess Imperial of Brazil, with the style of Imperial Highness. Other members of the Brazilian Imperial Family were known by the title of Prince or Princess prefixed to their given names, with the style of Highness. The Portuguese title of Prince of Brazil, that existed as a title of the Portuguese heir apparent only while Brazil was still a colony of Portugal, should therefore not be confused with the later ranks of Brazilian Prince or Brazilian Princess, that stem from the era of the Empire of Brazil.

History[edit]

Until the reign of King John IV of Portugal, the heir-apparent to the throne of Portugal had used the title of Prince of Portugal. After his succession to the throne, John IV sought to give his heir a more prestigious and noble title, Prince of Brazil, alongside granting the heir of Portugal the title of Duke of Braganza. The title was created by King John IV of Portugal on 27 October 1645 in favor of his eldest son and heir Teodósio, to replace the title Prince of Portugal. The eldest son and heir of the Prince of Brazil was styled Prince of Beira and Duke of Barcelos.

When Brazil was elevated to the status of a Kingdom within the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, the title was replaced by Prince Royal of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarves. When Brazil broke away from the United Kingdom to become an independent Empire, the title of the Portuguese heir apparent was again changed to Prince Royal of Portugal and the Algarves.

List of Princes of Brazil[edit]

Name Lifespan Tenure Notes Parents Image Heir To
Teodósio 8 February 1634 – May 13, 1653 27 October 1645 – May 13, 1653 Premature death John IV of Portugal
Luisa of Guzman
Teodosio principe.jpg John IV of Portugal
Afonso 21 August 1643 – 12 September 1683 13 May 1653 – 6 November 1656 Later:
King Afonso VI of Portugal and the Algarves
John IV of Portugal
Luisa of Guzman
Infante D. Afonso VI retrato.jpg John IV of Portugal
João 30 August 1688 – 17 September 1688 30 August 1688 – 17 September 1688 Premature death Pedro II of Portugal
Maria Sofia of Neuburg
Coat of Arms of the Prince of Portugal (1481-1910).png Pedro II of Portugal
João 22 October 1689 – 31 July 1750 22 October 1689 – 9 December 1706 Later:
King John V of Portugal and the Algarves
Pedro II of Portugal
Maria Sofia of Neuburg
Joao V - Principe.jpg Pedro II of Portugal
Pedro 19 October 1712 – 29 October 1714 19 October 1712 – 29 October 1714 Premature death John V of Portugal
Maria Anna of Austria
Coat of Arms of the Prince of Portugal (1481-1910).png John V of Portugal
José 6 June 1714 – 24 February 1777 6 June 1714 – 31 July 1750 Later:
King Joseph I of Portugal and the Algarves
John V of Portugal
Maria Anna of Austria
Principe D. José Pierre Antoine Quillard.jpg John V of Portugal
Maria 17 December 1734 – 20 March 1816 31 July 1750 – 24 February 1777 Later:
Queen Maria I of Portugal and the Algarves
Joseph I of Portugal
Mariana Victoria of Spain
Maria I, Vieira.jpg Joseph I of Portugal
José 20 August 1761 – 11 September 1788 24 February 1777 – 11 September 1788 Premature death Maria I of Portugal
Pedro III of Portugal
D. José, Príncipe da Beira e do Brasil.jpg Maria I of Portugal
João 13 May 1767 – 10 March 1826 11 September 1788 – 16 December 1815 Title changed Maria I of Portugal
Pedro III of Portugal
Retrato de Joao VI, Principe do Brasil.jpg Maria I of Portugal

External links[edit]