Princess Charlotte Frederica of Prussia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Charlotte Frederica of Prussia
Hereditary Princess of Saxe-Meiningen
Prinsescharlottepruisen.jpg
Spouse Duke Georg of Saxe-Meiningen
Issue Bernhard III, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
Prince Georg Albrecht
Princess Marie Elisabeth
Full name
German: Friederike Luise Wilhelmine Marianne Charlotte von Preußen
House House of Hohenzollern (by birth)
House of Saxe-Meiningen (by marriage)
Father Prince Albert of Prussia
Mother Princess Marianne of the Netherlands
Born (1831-06-21)21 June 1831
Schönhausen Palace, Berlin
Died 30 March 1855(1855-03-30) (aged 23)
Meiningen
Burial English Garden, Meiningen, Thuringia, Germany[1]
Prussian Royalty
House of Hohenzollern
Wappen Deutsches Reich - Königreich Preussen (Grosses).png
Descendants of Frederick William III
Grandchildren
   Prince Friedrich Karl
   Louise, Landgravine of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld
   Charlotte Frederica, Hereditary Princess of Saxe-Meiningen
   Princess Anna
   Prince Albert
   Princess Elisabeth
   Princess Alexandrine

Princess Frederica Louise Wilhelmina Marianne Charlotte of Prussia (21 June 1831 – 30 March 1855) was the eldest daughter of Prince Albert of Prussia and his wife Princess Marianne of the Netherlands.[1][2] She died before her husband Georg of Saxe-Meiningen could succeed as Duke, making her Hereditary Princess of Saxe-Meiningen.

Family and early life[edit]

Charlotte (left) and her younger sister Alexandrine.

Charlotte's father Albert was a younger son of Frederick William III of Prussia and Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Her mother Marianne was a daughter of William I of the Netherlands and Wilhelmine of Prussia. Charlotte was a sister of Prince Albert of Prussia, a Prussian general field marshal and later regent of the Duchy of Brunswick.

Her parents divorced in 1848, and custody of Charlotte and her siblings was given to her father. In actuality, their childless aunt Queen Elisabeth Ludovika (wife of Frederick William IV of Prussia) took care of them.

Music[edit]

Charlotte had a talent for music, and was taught by the likes of Wilhelm Taubert, Theodor Kullak, and Julius Stern in her youth.[2] She wrote a number of military marches, songs, and piano pieces.[2] Her daughter Princess Marie Elisabeth would inherit these interests.

Marriage[edit]

As a young woman, Charlotte was highly eligible, due to her Dutch fortune and Hohenzollern connections. In Charlottenburg, Charlotte's chosen husband was Hereditary Prince Georg of Saxe-Meiningen, whom she married on 18 May 1850.[1][3] He was the only son of Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen and Princess Marie Frederica of Hesse-Kassel, and had led a battalion from Meiningen in support of the Prussians in the First Schleswig War in 1849.[4] After resuming his military career in Berlin, he soon became engaged to Charlotte, whose position as a niece of Frederick William IV of Prussia surely recommended the princess to him.[3] It was a love match and their marriage occurred after a short engagement. Among the wedding gifts was an opulent old villa on Lake Como from her mother Marianne, as well as a substantial collection of paintings and sculptures.[3][4] It was renamed the Villa Carlotta in the bride's honor.[3] Due to their Prussian connections, the couple spent the next five years in Berlin and Potsdam but returned to Meiningen for the birth of their children.[3]

The two shared many interests, particularly with the theater, as they were both ardent attendees; during their engagement, they had even acted in amateur court theatricals together.[3]

Death[edit]

On 27 January 1855, their second son Georg died. Charlotte would follow him three months later, dying of childbirth complications.[1][5] Georg was inconsolable, but would eventually remarry to Princess Feodora of Hohenlohe-Langenburg in order to provide a mother to his remaining children. He succeeded his father as Duke of Saxe-Meiningen in 1866, seven years after Charlotte's death.

Issue[edit]

They had four children:

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 21 June 1831 – 18 May 1850: Her Royal Highness Princess Charlotte of Prussia
  • 18 May 1850 – 30 March 1855: Her Royal Highness The Hereditary Princess of Saxe-Meiningen

Ancestors[edit]

Charlotte's ancestors in three generations
Princess Charlotte Frederica of Prussia Father:
Prince Albert of Prussia
Paternal Grandfather:
Frederick William III of Prussia
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Frederick William II of Prussia
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt
Paternal Grandmother:
Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt
Mother:
Princess Marianne of the Netherlands
Maternal Grandfather:
William I of the Netherlands
Maternal Great-grandfather:
William V, Prince of Orange
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Wilhelmina of Prussia, Princess of Orange
Maternal Grandmother:
Wilhelmine of Prussia
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Frederick William II of Prussia
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Lundy, Darryl. "The Peerage: Friederike Luise Wilhelmine Marianne Charlotte Prinzessin von Preußen". Retrieved 16 December 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c Ebel.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Koller, p. 50.
  4. ^ a b Osborne, p. 15.
  5. ^ Koller, p. 51.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]