Remington Model 1875

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Remington Model 1875 Single Action Army
Burnham sidearm.jpg
.44-40 Remington 1875
Type Revolver
Place of origin  United States
Production history
Manufacturer Remington Arms
Produced 1875–1889
Specifications
Cartridge .45 Colt
.44-40 Winchester
.44 Remington
Action Single-action
Maximum firing range 50 meters (54.7 yards)[1]
Feed system 6-shot Cylinder
Sights Milled groove in the rear of the top-strap, Front blade.

Remington Model 1875 Single Action Army (a.k.a. Improved Army or Frontier Army)[2] was a revolver by the E. Remington & Sons. It was a based upon the successful Remington Model 1858 with both revolvers having the same size, appearance, and the removable cylinder. The new 1875 Remington differed mainly from the older 1858 percussion model by having a bored through cylinder chambered for metallic cartridges. Thus, in 1875, Remington entered the cartridge revolver market with this big-frame, army style revolver, intended to compete with the Colt Peacemaker.[3] Ordinary citizens and Old West lawmen alike recognized the sturdy quality of the new Remington revolvers.[4]

Overview[edit]

Introduced to compete with Colt's single-action Army revolvers, this Remington design failed to meet with the commercial success made by Colt's model due to the Hartford firm's two-year head start in production and sales.[5]

Also known as the "Improved Army" or "Frontier Army" revolver, this single-action was a competitor to Colt's popular Single Action Army line. By the time of its introduction, however, Colt had already secured contracts with the U.S. Army, and Remington was forced to seek other markets. The U.S. government purchased fewer than 650 for use by Indian police, and another 1000 were sold to the Mexican government circa 1880. The Egyptian government contracted for delivery of 10,000, but few were produced and delivered due to significant unpaid debts owed by the Egyptians for Rolling Block rifles.[2]

Between 25,000 and 30,000 were manufactured during the years 1875–1889 in three different chamberings: .44 Remington Centerfire; .44-40; and .45 caliber. These were not optional; rather, the caliber of production models was determined by their date of manufacture. .45 caliber cylinders were slightly longer to prevent accidental insertion into a .44 frame. Standard features included a fluted cylinder, walnut grip panels, blued or nickel-plated finish with case-hardened hammer and loading gate, and a lanyard ring. Standard barrel length was 7 1/2 inches, although a very few revolvers were produced with 5 3/4-inch barrels.[2]

Remington Model 1888 (transitional) single-action Army revolver[edit]

Remington Model 1888 (Transitional) Single Action Army
Remington Nickel 1888.jpg
Type Revolver
Place of origin  United States
Production history
Manufacturer Remington Arms
Produced 1888–1889
Specifications
Cartridge .44-40 Winchester
.44 Remington
Action Single-action
Maximum firing range 50 meters (54.7 yards)[6]
Feed system Six-shot cylinder
Sights Milled groove in the rear of the top-strap, front blade.

An intermediate (transitional) model of cartridge revolver was introduced in 1888 called the "New Model Pocket Army". Made in 1888 and 1889 only, total production was less than 1,000 units, made primarily with parts from 1875s and duplicate "batch/serial" numbers exist; however, assembly numbers were added and none have been found over the low 300s range. Nearly all are nickel with less than a handful known manufactured in blue. Visually it is identical to the Model 1890, with the exception of the address on top of barrel. The caliber of the model was .44-40 with the left grip on many marked "44" or "44W". In a dealer catalog, the barrel is listed at 5 1/2" but examples have been found with 5 3/4-inch barrels. The ejector housing is visually identical to the Model 1890. New York sporting arms dealers Hartley and Graham assumed control of the E. Remington & Sons and renamed the company to Remington Arms Company in 1888 and it is possible that this model was assembled exclusively for them.[2]

Modern Reproduction[edit]

The Uberti 1875 Outlaw, Frontier, and Police revolvers are reproductions of the famous old Remington 1875 and 1890 revolver, but chambered for more modern smokeless powder cartridges as the .357 Magnum. Cimarron Firearms offers a version built to their specifications by Uberti as well.[7] These modern reproductions have the look and feel of old-west "cowboy" guns, but have the metallurgy common to more modern revolvers.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ C.A.S. sightings at 50m
  2. ^ a b c d Flayderman, Norm (2001). Flayderman's guide to antique American firearms ... and their values (8th ed. ed.). Iola, WI: Krause Publications. p. 145. ISBN 0-87349-313-3. 
  3. ^ Bequette, Roy Marcot ; edited by James W.; Gangloff, Joel J. Hutchcroft ; foreword by Arthur W. Wheaton ; chapter introductions by Richard F. Dietz ; book design by Robert L. (1998). Remington : "America's oldest gunmaker". Peoria, IL: Primedia. ISBN 1-881657-00-0. 
  4. ^ Uberti Remingtons
  5. ^ Remington Info
  6. ^ C.A.S. sightings at 50 m
  7. ^ Taffin, John (12 October 2005). Single Action Sixguns. Iola, Wisconsin: Krause Publications. pp. 191–193. ISBN 0-87349-953-0. 
  8. ^ Uberti Remingtons

External links[edit]