|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2013)|
|Place of origin||USA|
|Parent case||.223 Remington|
|Case type||Rimless, bottleneck|
|Bullet diameter||.172 in (4.4 mm)|
|Neck diameter||.199 in (5.1 mm)|
|Shoulder diameter||.356 in (9.0 mm)|
|Base diameter||.376 in (9.6 mm)|
|Rim diameter||.378 in (9.6 mm)|
|Rim thickness||.045 in (1.1 mm)|
|Case length||1.796 in (45.6 mm)|
|Overall length||2.150 in (54.6 mm)|
|Primer type||Small rifle|
|Maximum CUP||52000 CUP|
|Source(s): Hodgdon |
It is based on the .223 Remington, necked down to .172 in (4.37 mm), with the shoulder moved back. It was designed exclusively as a varmint round, though it is suitable for smaller predators. There are those such as P.O. Ackley who used it on much larger game, but such use is typically not recommended.
Extremely high initial velocity (over 4000 ft/s 1200 m/s), flat trajectory and very low recoil are the .17 Remington's primary attributes. It has a maximum effective range of about 440 yards (400 m) on prairie dog-sized animals, but the small bullets' poor ballistic coefficients and sectional densities mean they are highly susceptible to crosswinds at such distances.
The smaller .172 bullet typically has a much lower ballistic coefficient than other typical varmint calibers, such as that of the .223 Remington. Because of this, the .172 bullet loses velocity slightly sooner and is more sensitive to wind; but by no means does this render the cartridge useless. The advantages of this cartridge are low recoil, flat trajectory, and minimal entrance wounds. The tiny entrance wound and usual lack of exit wound on coyote-sized animals makes it an ideal round for fur bearing animals which the hunter intends to collect a pelt from. A significant disadvantage is the rapid rate at which such a small-caliber rifle barrel can accumulate gilding metal fouling, which is very detrimental to accuracy and may also eventually result in increasing pressures caused by the fouling's constriction of the bore. Many .17 Remington shooters have reported optimum accuracy when the bore is cleaned after every 10 - 20 shots, though more modern metallurgy used in both barrels and bullets has largely mitigated the alleged fouling issue.
The .17 Remington is also one of the few cartridges in which powder charge weight is often greater than bullet weight. Though this condition has been known to degrade accuracy, the .17 Remington is noted for exceptional accuracy. This reputation for accuracy is undoubtedly due in no small part to the fact that only good quality bolt action and single shot rifles have been so chambered from factory. Because the cartridge is based on the .223, it can also be used in the AR-15 and Ruger Mini-14 semi-automatic rifles by simply replacing the barrel.
.17 Remington cartridge next to a .223 Remington cartridge, its parent case.
.17 Remington Fireball cartridge next to a .17 Remington cartridge.
- Hodgdon Online reloading data
- Cartridge Dimensions
- Bussard, Michael (2010). Ammo Encyclopedia 2nd Ed. Minneapolis MN, USA: Blue Book Publications. p. 840. ISBN 1-936120-01-1.
- Johnson (Ed.), Steve (2007). Hornady Handbook of Cartridge Reloading 7ed. Grand Island Nebraska: Hornady Manufacturing Company. p. 978.
- Hodgdon Data Manual No. 26. Shawnee Mission, KS: Hodgdon Publishers. 1993. p. 792.
- 17 Remington article at TheReloadBench.com
- 17 Remington article at AccurateReloading.com
- African Expedition Magazine - The .17 Remington goes to Africa