Roero is a geographical area in the north-east corner of the province of Cuneo in Piedmont, north-west Italy. This hilly region is known for its wines and for its fruit production: particularly the peaches of Canale and the local variety of pear known as Madernassa which originated in the late eighteenth century in Guarene. Strawberries are also grown.
The name comes from the Roero family of bankers and traders, who were prominent in the political life of Asti and its environs, and who dominated this area for a number of centuries during the Middle Ages.
The territory lies to the north of Alba. The river Tanaro marks its southern border, dividing it from the Langhe. To the north-east its informal boundary with Monferrato follows approximately the line of the border between the provinces of Cuneo and Asti, although Cisterna d’Asti can be taken to be part of Roero. To the north-west it is confined by the province of Turin. To the west its border is taken to be the SS 61 state road which runs through the communes of Bra, Sanfrè and Sommariva del Bosco.
The communes which fall, partly or entirely within Roero are thus:
- Baldissero d’Alba
- Ceresole Alba
- Cisterna d’Asti
- Corneliano d’Alba
- Magliano Alfieri
- Montaldo Roero
- Monteu Roero
- Monticello d’Alba
- Piobesi d’Alba
- Santa Vittoria d’Alba
- Santo Stefano Roero
- Sommariva del Bosco
- Sommariva Perno
- Vezza d’Alba
The designated zone of production for the DOC wines Roero and Roero Arneis is a subset of this territory which comprises the communes of Castellinaldo, Canale, Corneliano d’Alba, Piobesi d’Alba and Vezza d’Alba, plus parts of Baldissero d'Alba, Castagnito, Guarene, Govone, Magliano Alfieri, Montà, Monteu Roero, Pocapaglia, Priocca, Santa Vittoria d'Alba, Santo Stefano Roero and Sommariva Perno.
Roero is a recognized wine-making area of the Province of Cuneo in the Piedmont region; along with its neighbours Langhe and Monferrato it forms the “Distretto Langhe, Roero e Monferrato” wine district.
Roero wines include the red Roero, as well as the white Roero Arneis, and sparkling white Roero Arneis Spumante. The name "Roero" lacking any further specification is reserved for red wines made from 95-98% Nebbiolo grapes with the addition of 2%–5% of Arneis. Some 200 hectares of vineyards are devoted to the production of this wine. Roero must be aged in cellars for twenty months, six of them in wooden barrels, while Roero riserva (reserve) must be aged at least 32 months total, with the same minimum of six months spent in wood.
Meanwhile, Roero Arneis and Roero Arneis Spumante are made from 100% Arneis grapes. Roero Arneis is a 100% varietal wine made from the Arneis grape variety to which some 425 hectares of vineyards are devoted.
Other wines produced include Barbera d'Alba, Birbèt, Bonarda, Favorita, Moscato d'Asti and Nebbiolo d'Alba.
- Pera madernassa - storia - ricette (Italian)
- Enoteca Regionale del Roero (Italian)
- Map of production zone at regione.piemonte.it
- Agricoltura in Piemonte - Vini (Italian)
- Vendita Vino Italiano
- Agraria.org - Agriculture Education Online
- Piemonte Emozioni - Good wines and food - Wine - Roero and Roero Arneis (Italian)
- Enoteca Regionale del Roero
- http://www.comune.asti.it/cultura/stemmi/roero.shtml provides an account of the Roero family. See also it:Roero (famiglia).