Not to be confused with someone who rides the roof of a train, or Atapper.
A roofer or roof mechanic is a construction worker who specializes in roof construction. Roofers concentrate on the application of materials that waterproof and/or weatherproof buildings, designed material—as a substrate for the roofing materials to be installed on, the rafters, beams, and trusses are the frame or skeleton for the roof to be built upon. Roofers must be able to work, have good motor skills and possess general carpentry skills.
In the United States, the most common roofing material is asphalt shingles. In the past, 3-tab shingles were used; nowadays, "architectural" or "dimensional" shingles are becoming very popular.
Depending on the region, other commonly applied roofing materials installed by roofers include concrete tiles, clay tiles, natural or synthetic slate, single-ply (Primarily EPDM or Rubber, PVC, or TPO), rubber shingles (made from recycled tires), glass, metal panels or shingles, wood shakes or shingles, liquid-applied, hot asphalt/rubber, foam, thatch, solar tiles, and specialty roofs like Duro-Last. "Living roof" systems, or rooftop landscapes, have become increasingly common in recent years in both residential and commercial applications.
In the United States, regulation of the roofing trade is left up to individual states. In California, for example, the CSLB(California Contractors State License Board) licenses and monitors roofing contractors. Unlicensed contracting of projects worth over $500 my result in stiff fines or even time in prison.
The United Kingdom has no legislation in place that requires a roofer to have a license to trade, although some do belong to recognized trade organizations.
Types of Roofers
There are 4 main types of Roofers; Shinglers, who primarily install shingles, shakes, tiles, and other nail-on products on roofs with 5:12 pitches or above, Metal Roofers, who focus on metal panels, Single-Ply or "Flat" Roofers, who focus on roofs such as Single-ply or foam roofs, and "Hot" Roofers, who work using Tar-based products. It is not uncommon, however, for companies to have their roofers to multiple styles of roofing, and certain manufactures will only allow specifically selected installers, thus making these 4 types limiting.