Royal Canadian Army Service Corps

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For successor see Logistics Branch

Royal Canadian Army Service Corps
RCASC Badge.gif
The badge of the Royal Canadian Army Service Corps
Active 3 Nov 1919 - 1 Feb 1968 disbanded/decommissioned/inactive
Country Canada
Type Corps
Role (Canadian Army) Permanent Active Militia
Motto Nil Sine Labore (Latin, "Nothing Without Work")
March Wait for the Wagon[1]

The Royal Canadian Army Service Corps (RCASC) was an administrative and transport corps of the Canadian Army. The Canadian Army Service Corps was established in 1903.[2] The Canadian Permanent Army Service Corps was redesignated The Royal Canadian Army Service Corps on 3 Nov 1919.[3]

History[edit]

Private Ed Gerris of the Royal Canadian Army Service Corps, seen here with Principal Eccles of Shaw Business Schools, is using an artificial hand
Arnhem monument honours air despatchers of the Royal Canadian Army Service Corps who worked with aircrew of the Royal Air Force and the Royal Canadian Air Force

The RCASC was established, by General Order No. 141, as the Canadian Army Service Corps (CASC), on November 1, 1901. The CASC was modelled directly off the British Army Service Corps to provide all transportation and supply services to the Army. Initially, the CASC consisted of four companies to support the Active Militia units. The Corps grew quickly, doubling the number of units by 1903, and growing by another three companies by 1905. By the summer of 1914 the CASC had a strength of 3000 personnel in eighteen companies.[4]

During World War I, the CASC provided a support element for each Canadian Division, and later on, for the Canadian Corps. With the introduction of motorized vehicles, the CASC carried commodities of a greater range and of greater weights. Motorized transportation also resulted in expanded responsibilities such as driving ambulances and engineer pontoon vehicles, carrying all natures of ammunition, and mobile repair and recovery. In recognition of the services rendered during the Great War, His Majesty King George V authorized the designator “Royal” in 1919.[5]

The RCASC, along with the rest of the Army, underwent a rapid expansion as Canada mobilized for the Second World War. In addition to maintaining transport for the army on land, the R.C.A.S.C. also commanded and maintained a ship-borne freight and patrol company, the Pacific Command Water Transport Company, R.C.A.S.C., during World War II. The RCASC provided support to Canadian Soldiers wherever they went; training in Canada and Great Britain, the campaign in north-west Europe, and in the campaign in Italy. The RCASC moved supplies from the rear areas to the front-lines. They delivered all rations, ammunition, petroleum products, and all other essentials. They did so with a variety of vehicles ranging from three to ten ton trucks, and forty ton tank transporters.[6]

During the 1950s, the RCASC committed No. 1 and No. 2 Movement Control Groups, 54 Canadian Transport Company, 28 Motorized Ambulance Company, and 58 General Transport Company to the Korean War. In 1952, 23 Transport Company relieved 54 Transport Company, which was in-turn relieved by 56 Transport Company. 3 Transport Company was the last to serve in Korea in 1954. 4 Transport Company (previously known as 56 Transport Company and then 5 Transport Company) moved from Winnipeg to Calgary in August 1967. In June 1968, 4 Transport Company combined with elements of the static 13 Transport Company. Three months later that organization became the Transport Company of 1 Svc Bn.[7]

Unification[edit]

When the Army, Royal Canadian Navy, and Royal Canadian Air Force were merged in 1968 to form the Canadian Forces, the administrative Corps of the Army were deactivated and merged with their Naval and Air Force counterparts to form the Canadian Forces' personnel branches. [8]

RCASC Units Overseas 1945[edit]

1st Armoured Brigade

  • 1st Armoured Brigade Company

2nd Armoured Brigade

  • 2nd Armoured Brigade Company

1st Infantry Division

  • 1st Infantry Divisional Troops Company
  • 1st Infantry Brigade Company
  • 2nd Infantry Brigade Company
  • 3rd Infantry Brigade Company

2nd Infantry Division

  • 2nd Infantry Divisional Troops Company
  • 4th Infantry Brigade Company
  • 5th Infantry Brigade Company
  • 6th Infantry Brigade Company

3rd Infantry Division

  • 3rd Infantry Divisional Troops Company
  • 7th Infantry Brigade Company
  • 8th Infantry Brigade Company
  • 9th Infantry Brigade Company

4th Armoured Division

  • 4th Armoured Divisional Troops Company
  • 4th Armoured Divisional Transport Company
  • 4th Armoured Brigade Company
  • 10th Infantry Brigade Company

5th Armoured Division

  • 5th Armoured Divisional Troops Company
  • 5th Armoured Divisional Transport Company
  • 5th Armoured Brigade Company
  • 11th Infantry Brigade Company

1st Corps Troops

  • 1st Headquarters Corps Car Company
  • 1st Corps Transport Company
  • No. 31 Corps Troops Company
  • No. 32 Corps Troops Company

2nd Corps Troops

  • No. 2 Headquarters Corps Car Company
  • 2nd Corps Transport Company
  • No. 33 Corps Troops Company
  • No. 34 Corps Troops Company

First Canadian Army Troops

  • No. 1 Army Headquarters Car Company
  • No. 35 Army Troops Composite Company
  • No. 36 Army Troops Composite Company
  • No. 81 Artillery Company
  • No. 82 Artillery Company
  • No. 41 Army Transport Company
  • No. 45 Army Transport Company
  • No. 47 Army Transport Company
  • No. 63 Army Transport Company
  • No. 64 Army Transport Company
  • No. 1 Motor Ambulance Convoy
  • No. 2 Motor Ambulance Convoy

General Headquarters, Line of Communication and Base Troops

  • No. 66 General Transport Company
  • No. 69 General Transport Company
  • No. 1 Base Transport Company
  • No. 65 Tank Transporter Company
  • No. 85 Bridge Company
  • No. 86 Bridge Company[10]

RCASC Units in Korean and Japan 1950-1955[edit]

Korea

  • No. 54 Canadian Transport Company (4 May 51 - 11 Apr 52):
  • No. 23 Transport Company (10 Apr 52 - 27 Mar 53):
  • No. 56 Transport Company (22 Mar 53 - 15 Apr 54):
  • No. 3 Transport Company (26 Mar 54 - 27 Nov 54):

Japan

  • No. 57 General Transport Company (1 Dec 52 – 26 Feb 53) redesignated No. 58 General Transport Company 27 Feb 53 – 4 Jan 55
  • No. 2 Canadian Movement Control Group (7 Oct 50 –4 Jan 55) [11]

Armoury[edit]

Site Date(s) Designated Location Description Image
Colonel D. V. Currie VC Armoury, 1215 Main Street North, 1913-14 1998 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan
  • large, low-massed brick structure located in the north end of Moose Jaw in a mixed commercial, recreational and residential neighbourhood.
  • Currently the home of the Saskatchewan Dragoons; it has housed 95th Saskatchewan Rifles, the 60th Rifles, the King’s Own Rifles of Canada, the 77th Battery, Royal Canadian Artillery, the 19th Medical Company, Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps, and the 142nd Transport Company, Royal Canadian Army Service Corps

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://rcasc.org/w84wgn.html Royal Canadian Army Service Corps March Past
  2. ^ http://www.cmhg.gc.ca/cmh/page-587-eng.asp Canadian Military Life After South Africa
  3. ^ The Regiments and Corps of the Canadian Army (Queen's Printer, 1964)
  4. ^ Arnold Warren, Wait for the Waggon. The Story of the Royal Canadian Army Service Corps. McClelland and Steward Limited, 1961.
  5. ^ Warren, Wait for the Waggon.
  6. ^ Warren, Wait for the Waggon.
  7. ^ Warren, Wait for the Waggon.
  8. ^ http://rcasc.org/ Royal Canadian Army Service Corps
  9. ^ Sutton, Brigadier John, ed.," Wait For The Waggon". Barnsley, South Yorkshire: Leo Cooper, 1998.
  10. ^ Canada. Dept. of National Defence Bond, C. C. J Stacey, C. P. (Charles Perry), 1906-1989. The victory campaign: the operations in North-West Europe, 1944-1945 / by C. P. Stacey ; maps drawn by C.J. Bond. Ottawa: Queen's Printer, 1960.
  11. ^ Wood, Herbert Fairlie. Strange Battleground: The Operations In Korea and Their Effects On The Defence Policy of Canada; Official History Of The Canadian Army (In Korea). Ottawa Queen's Printer, 1966
  • Warren, Arnold Wait for the Wagon; the Story of the Royal Canadian Army Service Corps McClelland and Stewart, Toronto, 1961.