Russian espionage in the United States
Russian influence operations in the United States have existed since 1992.
According to American counterintelligence, in 2007 Russian espionage reached Cold War levels.
The Foundations of Geopolitics, initially published in 1997 when Vladimir Putin became FSB chief, is a military training textbook which has influenced key Russian decision-makers. It states that Russia should use its special forces within the borders of the United States to:
introduce geopolitical disorder into internal American activity, encouraging all kinds of separatism and ethnic, social and racial conflicts, actively supporting all dissident movements – extremist, racist, and sectarian groups, thus destabilizing internal political processes in the U.S. It would also make sense simultaneously to support isolationist tendencies in American politics.
- Putin spy war on the West. The Sunday Times. May 20, 2007
- John B. Dunlop. "Review: Aleksandr Dugin’s Foundations of Geopolitics".