Russian submarine Akula (1908)

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Akula&Ryurik1913.jpg
Russian submarine Akula, armoured cruiser Rurik in the background
Career (Russian Empire)
Name: Akula
Ordered: 1906
Builder: Baltic Yard in Saint Petersburg, Baltic Sea
Launched: 4 September 1907
Fate: Sunk by mine on 28 November 1915
General characteristics
Displacement: 370 long tons (380 t) surfaced
475 tons (471 m³) submerged
Length: 56 m
Beam: 3.7 m (12 ft 2 in)
Draft: 3.4 m (11 ft 2 in)
Propulsion: 3 shaft Diesel electric
3 diesel engines 1,900 hp (1.4 MW)
1 electric motor 300 hp (220 kW)
Speed: 10.6 knots (19.6 km/h) surfaced
4.6 knots (9 km/h) submerged
Range: 1,900 nautical miles (3,500 km) surfaced, 38 nmi (70 km) submerged
Complement: 34
Armament: 4 x 18-inch (457 mm) torpedo tubes (bow) and 4 drop collars

Akula (Russian: Акула; meaning shark) was a submarine built for the Imperial Russian Navy at shipyard in Saint Petersburg and Kronstadt.[1] The boat was designed by Ivan Bubnov and was an amalgam of the previous Minoga and the Kasatka class submarine designs. The design was presented to the Marine technical committee in late 1905.

In service[edit]

Initially the boat was to use petrol engines but these were replaced by safer diesels. The boat's design was a single hull/ saddle tank type with a diving depth of 25 fathoms (45 m).

Significant initial problems were experienced and the electric motor and propellers which needed to be replaced. Akula was the first Russian submarine able to cruise long distances. In 1912 Akula made the world's first multi-torpedo volley with five torpedoes.

She subsequently served in the Baltic Fleet during World War I making 16 patrols and unsuccessfully attacked the German coastal defense ship SMS Beowulf.

She struck a mine and sank near Hiiumaa[2] in November 1915 on her 17th patrol. Akula lies about 30 meters below water. All 35 members of the crew died.[3]

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