SUCRE

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This article is about the proposed currency. For the Ecuadorian currency, see Ecuadorian sucre. For other uses, see Sucre (disambiguation).
SUCRE
Sistema Único de Compensación Regional de Pagos
ISO 4217 code XSU
Central bank Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas (ALBA)
Symbol Sucre
Map of participants in the ALBA before

The SUCRE (Spanish: Sistema Único de Compensación Regional, English: Unified System for Regional Compensation) is a regional currency proposed for commercial exchanges between members of the regional trade bloc Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas (ALBA), which was created as an alternative to the Free Trade Agreement of the Americas (FTAA). The SUCRE is intended to replace the US dollar as a medium of exchange in order to decrease US control of Latin American economies and to increase stability of regional markets.

The SUCRE was first used as a virtual currency in 2010 in two transactions between Ecuador and Venezuela.[1][2] International trade between member states in SUCRE exceeded $850 million in 2013.[3] Eventually, the plan is for the SUCRE to become a hard currency.[4]

The plan for the introduction of the SUCRE, initially as a virtual currency, parallels the European Union's introduction of the euro in 1999, which was preceded by the European Currency Unit in 1979.[5] The SUCRE is the unit of account for all transactions in a clearinghouse. Its value derives from a basket of currencies from the member countries, weighted according to the relative size of the economies.[5]

The treaty explicitly limits the backing assets of the basket of currencies to financial securities denominated in the respective currencies of the member states. Prohibition of alternative forms of currency backing (such as commodity backing) presents an inequity for Ecuador that, alone in the group, does not have its own national currency (it uses the US dollar)[citation needed].

In the case of ALBA members Dominica, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and Antigua and Barbuda, the new currency poses a dilemma as they are already a member of the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union and use the East Caribbean dollar,[6] although none of them have agreed to the treaty establishing the SUCRE and the regional payments clearinghouse.[7]

The SUCRE is named after Antonio José de Sucre, a leading figure in Latin America's independence struggle. Agreement[8] in general terms for the currency was declared in Sucre's birthplace of Cumaná, capital of Venezuela's Sucre state, on April 16, 2009.[4] The formal treaty[7] establishing the regional payments clearinghouse was signed by the six Latin American presidents in Cochabamba, Bolivia, on October 17, 2009. (Ironically, the former currency of Ecuador, one of the SUCRE's users, was also called the sucre, but was abandoned and replaced by the US dollar after the economic crisis in 1999).

This currency has code XSU in ISO 4217 standard currency list [9]

In 2013 Uruguay joined the currency.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]