The Saarland Police is one of the smallest German Landespolizei forces with approx. 2,700 police officers. As in Hesse and Rheinland-Pfalz, the Saarland Police is abolishing the “green star” ranks meaning their new police officers start to work the road as Kommissars. This reform aims at making the police profession more attractive and improving promotion chances.
The state police falls under the jurisdiction of the Saarland state interior ministry and has two main police authorities, the Landespolizeidirektion (LPD) which is the state police headquarters and the State Investigation Bureau (Landeskriminalamt or LKA), which are both located in Saarbrücken.
The Landespolizeidirektion consists of four departments, the Police Support Group (Bereitschaftspolizei), Services, Traffic Police and Investigations. The Police Support Group consists of the state's rapid reaction company, police dog section, the police band and the river police station in Beckingen that patrols the Saar and Moselle in Saarland. Police stations are located in Merzig-Wadern, St. Wendel, Neunkirchen, Saarpfalz-Kreis, Saarlouis, Saarbrücken (city) and Saarbrücken (region).
Approx. 400 investigators and forensic scientists work for the State Investigation Bureau.
In the Saarland, which is adjacent to and historically closely tied to France, vehicles made by French companies, as well as European Ford, are often used as police cars. The Saarland Police registers its new vehicles with the state government license plate combination SAL 4 - XXXX. SAL stands for Saarland Landesregierung (Saarland state government), 4 denotes police and XXXX is a combination of four numbers.
At present (March 2010) the Saarland state government is not intending to convert to blue police uniforms as is happening in other states and so Saarland will be one of only two German states to keep the green/khaki uniform.