Sabaton

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This article is about sabaton as a type of armour. For the band, see Sabaton (band).
English-made Greenwich armour sabaton, 1587-89

A sabaton or solleret is part of a knight's armour that covers the foot.[1] Fourteenth and fifteenth century sabatons typically end in a tapered point well past the actual toes of the wearer's foot, following fashionable shoe shapes of the fourteenth century. Sabatons of the first half of sixteenth century end at the tip of the toe and may be wider than the actual foot. They were the first piece of armour to be put on, and were made of riveted iron plates called lames.

At least in theory, French princes and dukes were allowed to have toes of Gothic sabatons 2.5 feet (0.76 m) long, lords (barons and higher) 2 feet long and gentry only 1-foot (0.30 m) long.[2]

The sabaton was not commonly used by knights or men at arms fighting on foot, many would simply wear leather shoes or boots. This is because heavy or pointy metal footwear on muddy wet ground severely hinder movement. Another factor is mobility and that there is no real reason to protect the feet in a melee, as performing such an attack would put the attacker in a very vulnerable position. Mounted Knight's feet would be at perfect slashing level for ground troops, and so Sabatons or other foot armour would be vital for combat.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sabaton". The Free Dictionary. Retrieved 2010-01-03. 
  2. ^ Fred & Liliane Funcken Le Constume, l'Armure et les Armes au Temps de la Chevalerie, "2: Le Siecle De La Renaissance (2)" ISBN 2-203-14319-3