Saint-Martin-Vésubie

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Saint-Martin-Vésubie
Saint-Martin-Vésubie.jpg
Coat of arms of Saint-Martin-Vésubie
Coat of arms
Saint-Martin-Vésubie is located in France
Saint-Martin-Vésubie
Saint-Martin-Vésubie
Coordinates: 44°04′09″N 7°15′24″E / 44.0692°N 7.2567°E / 44.0692; 7.2567Coordinates: 44°04′09″N 7°15′24″E / 44.0692°N 7.2567°E / 44.0692; 7.2567
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Alpes-Maritimes
Arrondissement Nice
Canton Saint-Martin-Vésubie
Intercommunality Vésubie–Mercantour
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Gaston Franco
Area
 • Land1 97.13 km2 (37.50 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 1,327
 • Population2 density 14/km2 (35/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 06127 / 06450
Elevation 715–3,120 m (2,346–10,236 ft)
(avg. 960 m or 3,150 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Saint-Martin-Vésubie is a commune of the Alpes-Maritimes department in southeastern France.

Geography[edit]

Saint-Martin-Vésubie is established on the edge of a glacial plate.

History[edit]

San Martin first appears in recorded history in the 12th century, although there are archaeological remnants of a Romanized indigenous population dating back to the 1st century.

The medieval castrum, or fortification, extends along a cliff overlooking Valley of the Madonna through which ran the old Salt Road that extended from the Piedmont to the port city of Nice.

It was part of the historic County of Nice until 1860 as San Martino Vesubia.

In World War II, the Alpes-Maritimes were occupied by the Italian Fourth Army November 11, 1942. The sympathy of the Italian authorities caused the area to become a safe haven for thousands of Jewish refugees. Jews were able to achieve a modicum of safety and legal residency under the Italian authorities, who relocated them to Saint-Martin-Vésubie. The sympathy of the Italian authorities was mainly due to the work of the Italian Jewish banker Angelo Donati, who was living in Nice and convinced them to protect the Jews from French and German persecution.

After the Italian Armistice in September 1943, and under direct threat from the German authorities, a thousand of Saint-Martin's Jews made the climb up the Old Salt Road mountain passes in the Gesso Valley and what they thought was the safety of Italy . All the remaining Jews in Saint-Martin were arrested and transported to Auschwitz.

The local gendarmerie commander, Maréchal des logis-chef Landry Mangon and his wife Adrienne took under protection a one year old Jewish child named Jean-Claude Dreymann and another officer Joseph Fougere and his wife Yvonne took the child's five year old sister Cecile and presented them as their children during the Gestapo's round-up of Jews and thereby saved their lives. For this noble act and the risks they took on their lives and their families to save Jews, the families of the officers were recognized as "Righteous among the Nations" at a ceremony that will be conducted at the municipality on September 5, 2010.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1962 963 —    
1968 1,047 +8.7%
1975 1,188 +13.5%
1982 1,156 −2.7%
1990 1,041 −9.9%
1999 1,098 +5.5%
2008 1,327 +20.9%

Media[edit]

Saint-Martin features in the first scenes of Wandering Star, the novel by J. M. G. Le Clézio.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]