Samlesbury

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Samlesbury
St Leonard the Less, Samlesbury - geograph.org.uk - 574226.jpg
Parish church of St Leonard the Less
Samlesbury is located in Lancashire
Samlesbury
Samlesbury
 Samlesbury shown within Lancashire
District South Ribble
Shire county Lancashire
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Police Lancashire
Fire Lancashire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Ribble Valley
List of places
UK
England
Lancashire

Coordinates: 53°45′14″N 2°34′48″W / 53.754°N 2.580°W / 53.754; -2.580

Samlesbury /ˈsɑːmzb(ə)ri/ is a village and civil parish in the borough of South Ribble in Lancashire, England. Samlesbury Hall, a historic house, is located in the village as is Samlesbury Aerodrome. The village is also home to a large modern brewery owned by Anheuser-Busch InBev.

History[edit]

The village's name is derived from the Old English sceamol, meaning ledge and burh meaning fortification, hence literally "ledge fortification".[1] It may also be that the name at least partly derives from the Roman name for the River Ribble and its eponymous Celtic deity, Belisama.[2]

The parish was part of Preston Rural District throughout its existence from 1894 to 1974.[3] In 1974 the parish became part of South Ribble.

Samlesbury Hall[edit]

Samlesbury Hall
Main article: Samlesbury Hall

Samlesbury Hall is a Manor house built in 1325 which has been many things since then including a public house and girls boarding school, but since 1925, when it was saved from being demolished for its timber, it has been administered by a registered charitable trust, the Samlesbury Hall Trust. This Grade I listed medieval manor house attracts over 50,000 visitors each year.

Religious buildings[edit]

Samlesbury parish church

Samlesbury parish church, like the one at nearby Walton-le-Dale, is dedicated to St. Leonard the Less and was founded in 1096. The church contains a Norman tub font, a medieval bell and Sir Thomas Southworth's funerary armour dating from 1546. It also has a church chest, a two-decker pulpit and a complete set of box pews dating from the 17th and 18th centuries.

The Roman Catholic church is St Mary and St John Southworth. There was previously also a Wesleyan Methodist chapel.

Samlesbury witches[edit]

Main article: Samlesbury witches

The Samlesbury witches—Jane Southworth, Jennet Brierley, and Ellen Brierley—were accused of child murder and cannibalism and tried at Lancaster Assizes on 19 August 1612, in the same series of trials as the Pendle witches. All three were found not guilty in a trial which one historian has described as "largely a piece of anti-Catholic propaganda".[4]

Samlesbury brewery[edit]

Samlesbury brewery is a large modern brewery belonging to InBev. It was completed in 1972 to brew Heineken lager for Whitbread. It produces Boddingtons Bitter, and bottled and keg Bass Pale Ale for export.[5]

Samlesbury Engineering[edit]

Samlesbury Engineering was a subsidiary of the Lancashire Aircraft Corporation at Warton which was chaired by Sir Wavell Wakefield, later Lord Wakefield of Kendal. The company specialised in bus manufacturing but was capable of high quality engineering.

Their workshop, where the ill-fated Bluebird K7 was designed and built, was on the car park behind Samlesbury Hall. Bluebird K7 was the turbo jet-engined hydroplane in which Donald Campbell set seven world water speed records during the 1950s and in which he was killed on Coniston Water in 1967.[6]

The Lancashire Aircraft Corporation, together with Samlesbury Engineering, eventually became part of what is now BAE Systems, which today has a facility at BAE Samlesbury.

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Samlesbury, University of Nottingham's Institute for Name-Studies, retrieved 2009-08-18 
  2. ^ Hutton 1993, p. 218
  3. ^ Preston RD, Vision of Britain, accessed 9 June 2014
  4. ^ Hasted 1993, pp. 32–33
  5. ^ "Samlesbury (InBev UK - InBev)". ratebeer.com. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  6. ^ "Made in Preston". Retrieved 2013-02-13. 
Bibliography

External links[edit]