Ribble Valley (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 53°52′23″N 2°23′28″W / 53.873°N 2.391°W / 53.873; -2.391

Ribble Valley
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Ribble Valley in Lancashire.
Outline map
Location of Lancashire within England.
County Lancashire
Electorate 77,437 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Clitheroe and Bamber Bridge
Current constituency
Created 1983
Member of Parliament Nigel Evans (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Clitheroe
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North West England

Ribble Valley is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1992 by Nigel Evans, a Conservative.[n 2]

History[edit]

The Ribble Valley constituency was created in 1983 almost wholly from the former seat of Clitheroe. Much of the eastern part of the constituency lies within the historic county boundaries of the West Riding of Yorkshire.

Boundaries[edit]

The successor seat to Clitheroe, the Ribble Valley constituency was formed for the 1983 general election from the following electoral wards;[2] Cadley, Greyfriars, Preston Rural East, and Sharoe Green (all of the borough of Preston), and the entire borough of Ribble Valley.

Between 1997 and 2010 boundaries were largely retained.

In the run-up to the 2010 general election the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies led Parliament to approve the creation of a new seat of Wyre and Preston North. This creation caused major changes to seats including Ribble Valley. This seat incorporated electoral wards from the south of the River Ribble for the first time. This brought a more urban element to the largely farming and rural mix of the existing seat.

The entire district of Ribble Valley is attached to ten wards from South Ribble, namely Bamber Bridge East, Bamber Bridge North, Bamber Bridge West, Coupe Green and Gregson Lane, Farington East, Farington West, Lostock Hall, Samlesbury and Walton, Tardy Gate and Walton-le-Dale.[3]

Constituency profile[edit]

The constituency enjoys scenic villages for both commuters and the retired and has slightly higher than national average income and much lower than average reliance upon social housing.[4][5] Unemployment at the end of 2012 was significantly lower than the national average.[6] With the exception of one year when, following a by-election, it was represented by a Liberal Democrat, the MP has been a Conservative; the lowest majority was 11.6% in 1997. Boundary changes in 2010 brought in more urban areas from the neighbouring South Ribble district, and with it a large number of Labour voters, particularly in Bamber Bridge where they have the majority of local councillors but also in Farington and Lostock Hall.

Six of the divisions on Lancashire County Council within the Ribble Valley Constituency after the United Kingdom local elections, 2013 were Conservative, with Labour having one. The Conservatives gained one division each from the LibDems and the Idle Toad parties, while Labour took one from the Conservatives. Labour also gained another Conservative seat that crosses the boundaries of the Ribble Valley and South Ribble constituencies.[7] The Constituency comprises the whole of the Borough of Ribble Valley and a part of the Borough of South Ribble. Of the 40 Ribble Valley Borough Councillors, 33 are Conservative, 6 are Liberal Democrat and 1 is Independent.[8] The Independent councillor is not opposed by the Conservatives in elections. 13 of the 20 South Ribble Borough Councillors within the Ribble Valley Constituency are Conservative and 7 are Labour.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[9] Party
1983 David Waddington Conservative
1991 by-election Michael Carr Liberal Democrat
1992 Nigel Evans Conservative
2013 Independent
2014 Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Ribble Valley[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Nigel Evans 26,298 50.3 +5.4
Labour Paul Foster 11,529 22.0 −7.8
Liberal Democrat Allan Knox 10,732 20.5 −2.1
UKIP Stephen Rush 3,496 6.7 +4.0
Independent Tony Johnson 232 0.4 N/A
Majority 14,769 28.3 +13.2
Turnout 52,287 67.0 +5.5
Conservative hold Swing +6.6

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Ribble Valley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Nigel Evans 25,834 44.9 +0.4
Liberal Democrat Julie Young 11,663 22.6 −5.2
Labour Jack Davenport 10,924 21.9 +2.1
UKIP Kevin Henry 1,345 2.7 N/A
Majority 14,171 28.5
Turnout 49,776 65.7 −0.5
Conservative hold Swing +2.8
General Election 2001: Ribble Valley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Nigel Evans 25,308 51.5 +4.8
Liberal Democrat Michael Carr 14,070 28.6 −6.4
Labour Marcus Robert B. Johnstone 9,793 19.9 +4.2
Majority 11,238 22.9
Turnout 49,171 66.2 −12.3
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Ribble Valley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Nigel Evans 26,702 46.7 −5.9
Liberal Democrat Michael Carr 20,062 35.1 −3.2
Labour Marcus Robert B. Johnstone 9,013 15.7 +7.0
Referendum Party Julian A. Parkinson 1,297 2.3 N/A
Natural Law Ms. Nicola M. Holmes 147 0.2 +0.0
Majority 6,640 11.6
Turnout 57,221 78.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1992: Ribble Valley[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Nigel Evans 29,178 52.4 −8.5
Liberal Democrat Michael Carr 22,636 40.6 +19.2
Labour Ronald Pickup 3,649 6.5 −11.2
Raving Loony Green Giant David Beesley 152 0.3 N/A
Natural Law Ms. Nicola M. Holmes 112 0.2 N/A
Majority 6,542 11.7 −27.7
Turnout 55,727 85.0 +5.9
Conservative hold Swing
By-election 1991: Ribble Valley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Michael Carr 22,377 48.5 +27.1
Conservative Nigel Evans 17,776 38.5 −22.3
Labour Josephine Farrington 4,356 9.5 −8.3
Independent Conservative David Brass 611 1.3 N/A
Green Halldora Ingham 466 1.0 N/A
Monster Raving Loony Screaming Lord Sutch 278 0.6 N/A
Liberal Simon Taylor 133 0.3 N/A
Independent - Corrective Party Lindi St Claire 72 0.2 N/A
Raving Loony Green Giant Clitheroe Kid Stuart Hughes 60 0.1 N/A
Majority 4,601 10.0
Turnout 46,129 71.1
Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative Swing +24.7

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Ribble Valley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Waddington 30,136 60.9 −2.5
Social Democratic Michael Carr 10,608 21.4 −1.7
Labour Greg Pope 8,781 17.7 +4.2
Majority 19,528 39.4
Turnout 49,525 79.1
Conservative hold Swing −0.4
General Election 1983: Ribble Valley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Waddington 29,223 63.4 N/A
Social Democratic Michael Carr 10,632 23.1 N/A
Labour Ed A. Saville 6,214 13.5 N/A
Majority 18,591 40.4 N/A
Turnout 46,060 76.8 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Crewe, Ivor; Anthony Fox (1983). British Parliamentary Constituencies - A Statistical Compendium. faber and faber. p. 269. ISBN 0-571-13236-7.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help);
  3. ^ 2010 post-revision map Greater London and metropolitan areas of England
  4. ^ 2001 Census
  5. ^ 2011 census interactive maps
  6. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  7. ^ http://www.ribblevalley.gov.uk/info/200221/elections/1446/lancashire_county_council_election_2013
  8. ^ http://www.ribblevalley.gov.uk/info/200218/councillors
  9. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  10. ^ BBC - Election 2010 - Ribble Valley
  11. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 

External links[edit]