Shapingba District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Shapingba)
Jump to: navigation, search
Shapingba
沙坪坝区
District
The skyline of Shapingba.
The skyline of Shapingba.
Shapingba District in Chongqing
Shapingba District in Chongqing
Country China
Region Chongqing
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Website http://spb.cq.cqedu.net/

Shapingba (simplified Chinese: 沙坪坝; traditional Chinese: 沙坪壩; pinyin: Shāpíngbà) is a district of Chongqing, People's Republic of China, it was formerly known as Shaci District (沙磁区) during the Sino-Japanese War. It is one of the most important parts of Chongqing, which covered around 396 square kilometers, 13 subdistricts, and 11 towns. Shapingba is one of the most densely populated areas in Chongqing, with a population of around one million.

Location and Geography[edit]

the Sanxia Square in Shapingba.
A night view of Shapingba's Sanxia Square.

Shapingba is one of Chongqing's main districts. Its border on Jiulongpo (south), Bishan (west) and Beibei (north), and the district itself is on the west bank of Jialing River.

History[edit]

Before Shapingba District became a part of Chongqing, it belonged to Baxian(Now Banan District). In the early 1930s, Shapingba District belonged to Baxian First District, the government located at the Ciqikou (Longyin Town), the ancient section of town. During the period of the Second Sino-Japanese War, the Chiang Kai-shek’s government had moved to Chongqing, a great number of schools, factories and medical institutions settled in Shapingba. From then on Shapingba turned a place full of talent. On February 6, 1938, the Chongqing University, the Sichuan College of Education, the Chongqing Nankai Middle School, the Chongqing Electrical Steel Works and several institutions which settled at Shapingba from Beijing, Shanghai or Nanjing such as the National Central University, the China Radio International, and the Academia Sinica, also the business and the financial together set the Chongqing Shaci Cultural District.

Subdivisions[edit]

Towns[edit]

  • Huilongba (回龙坝镇)
  • Fenghuang (凤凰镇)
  • Qingmuguan (青木关镇)
  • Zhongliang (中梁镇)
  • Tuzhu (土主镇)
  • Chenjiaqiao (陈家桥镇)
  • Huxi (虎溪镇)
  • Xiyong (西永镇)
  • Gele Shan (歌乐山镇)
  • Zengjia (曾家镇)
  • Qinjiagang (覃家岗镇)

Education[edit]

Shapingba District is famous for its educational and technical environments. It is also known as the cultural center of Chongqing. There are 7 colleges and universities included Chongqing University and Southwest University of Political Science and Law, over 60 research institutes, as well as 173 primary and secondary school. in addition, Chongqing College City has been under way since 2003.

Colleges and universities[edit]

Note: Institutions without full-time bachelor programs are not listed.

High Schools[edit]

Transportation[edit]

The Shapingba and the Jialing river.

Industry[edit]

The industry of Shapingba mainly consists of motorcycle and car manufacture, electrical equipment, biologic-chemical industry and tertiary occupation. The state owned corporations include Jialing Group, Southwest Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd and Chongqing Pesticide Chemical Group, while private owned corporations include Chongqing HuiLi Ltd [1], Lifan Group, Yuan Group and Huayang Group.

Tourism[edit]

Shapingba has a number of tourist attractions, monuments of Anti-Japanese War and Red Crag spirit. The Gele Shan several hundred years old town of Ciqikou and Lin's Garden are the most famous places among Shapingba's attractions. Sanxia Guangchang, the center of Shapingba was completed on November 8, 2003, served the citizens with its shopping, entertainment and leisure functions.