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The Jialing River (Chinese: 嘉陵江; pinyin: Jīalíng jiāng; Wade–Giles: chia-ling-chiang) is a tributary of the Yangtze River with its source in Gansu province. It gets its name from its crossing the Jialing Vale in Feng County of Shaanxi. It was once known as Langshui (simplified Chinese: 阆水; traditional Chinese: 閬水; pinyin: làngshǔi) or Yushui (渝水; Pinyin: yúshǔi).
The Jialing River is 1119 km long. Its headwaters are the Bailong River and Xihanshui. The stretch from the confluence of the two rivers at Lianghekou in Lueyang (Hanzhong city), Shaanxi, to Zhaohua is considered to be the upper reaches of the river. The middle course is between Zhaohua and Hechuan. Below Hechuan to where it joins the Yangtze in Chongqing is the lower reaches of the river.
The Jialing River's most notable characteristic is its sinuous course. From Zhangwang Miao (Temple of Zhangfei) in Guangyuan to Longdongtuo in Hechuan, the distance as the crow flies is only slightly more than 200 km. However the river itself travels over 600 km. The most tortuous part of its course is between Nanchong and Wusheng.
The Jialing River supports a vast amount of bio-diversity.
An amazing total of 151 species of fish inhabit the river, of which 51 species are endemic to the Yangtze River. This plentiful species of fish make the river a rich source for commercial fishing. Species such as Xenocypris davidi, Mystus macropterus, Cyprinus carpiod and Carassius auratus are prized by local fishermen.
Major cities along the river
- "Jialing River". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 12 January 2013.
- "Patterns of Fishes Diversity in Jialing River and Resources Vicissitude in the Middle and Lower Basin". China Papers. Retrieved 12 January 2013.