Sharpsburg, Maryland

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Sharpsburg, Maryland
Town
A street clock in downtown Sharpsburg in October 2007
A street clock in downtown Sharpsburg in October 2007
Location of Sharpsburg, Maryland
Location of Sharpsburg, Maryland
Coordinates: 39°27′28″N 77°44′58″W / 39.45778°N 77.74944°W / 39.45778; -77.74944Coordinates: 39°27′28″N 77°44′58″W / 39.45778°N 77.74944°W / 39.45778; -77.74944
Country United States
State Maryland
County Washington
Settled 1740
Founded 1763
Area[1]
 • Total 0.23 sq mi (0.60 km2)
 • Land 0.23 sq mi (0.60 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 420 ft (128 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 705
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 710
 • Density 3,065.2/sq mi (1,183.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 21782
Area code(s) 301
FIPS code 24-71600
GNIS feature ID 0587310
Website www.sharpsburg-md.com

Sharpsburg is a town in Washington County, Maryland, United States, located approximately 13 miles (21 km) south of Hagerstown. The population was 705 at the 2010 census.

During the American Civil War, the Battle of Antietam (or Battle of Sharpsburg) was fought on what is now Antietam National Battlefield, in the vicinity of Antietam Creek.

History[edit]

A visitor's sign at the Antietam National Battlefield near Sharpsburg, in June 2005

Joseph Chapline was the first to settle in the area, circa 1740. At the end of the French and Indian War in 1763, Chapline founded a town, naming it in honor of his friend Horatio Sharpe, the Proprietary Governor of the Province of Maryland. Its original settlers were mostly of German or Swiss origin.

Located east of the Potomac River, Sharpsburg attracted industry in the early 19th century, especially after the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal was extended to Sharpsburg in 1836. The town was incorporated in 1832.

Sharpsburg gained national recognition during the American Civil War, when Confederate General Robert E. Lee invaded Maryland with his Army of Northern Virginia in the summer of 1862 and was intercepted near the city by Union General George B. McClellan with the Army of the Potomac. The rival armies met on September 17, in the Battle of Antietam (also called the Battle of Sharpsburg). It would be the bloodiest single day of the Civil War, and in American military annals, with a total of nearly 23,000 casualties to both sides. A few days earlier, the multi-sited Battle of South Mountain occurred at the three low-lying passes in South MountainCrampton's Gap, Turner's Gap, and Fox's Gap—where Lee's forces attempted to hold back the advancing Union regiments moving westward especially along the important National Road (now U.S. Route 40 Alternate) which is now a part of South Mountain State Battlefield Park.

The drawn battle is considered a turning point of the war, since it kept the Confederacy from winning a needed victory on Northern soil, which might have gained it European recognition. Lee's retreat gave Abraham Lincoln the opportunity he needed to issue his Emancipation Proclamation, declaring all slaves in Confederate territory to be free. This act made it even more unlikely that Europe would grant diplomatic recognition to the South.

Sharpsburg claims its Memorial Day commemoration as one of the first in the U.S., having their 144th consecutive celebration in 2011.[4] The city also celebrates an annual Heritage Festival in mid-September.

The town core was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2008 as the Sharpsburg Historic District.[5] Also listed are the Antietam National Battlefield, William Chapline House, Good-Reilly House, William Hagerman Farmstead, Joseph C. Hays House, Jacob Highbarger House, Mount Airy, Piper House, Tolson's Chapel, Wilson-Miller Farm, and Woburn Manor.[6]

The Antietam National Battlefield is an important source of local tourism and activities.

Government[edit]

Town Council[edit]

Elected by voters to 4-year terms:

  • Hal Spielman, Mayor
  • Bryan Gabriel, Vice Mayor
  • Mathew Barnhart
  • Darryl Benner
  • Cathy Hull
  • Brandon Smith

Administration[edit]

  • Kimberly Fulk, Clerk/Treasurer
  • Debra Jamison, Tax Collector

Geography[edit]

Sharpsburg is located at 39°27′28″N 77°44′58″W / 39.45778°N 77.74944°W / 39.45778; -77.74944 (39.457666, -77.749513)[7].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.23 square miles (0.60 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 705 people, 285 households, and 192 families residing in the town. The population density was 3,065.2 inhabitants per square mile (1,183.5 /km2). There were 325 housing units at an average density of 1,413.0 per square mile (545.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.7% White, 0.4% African American, 0.1% Native American, and 3.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.1% of the population.

There were 285 households of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.6% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.92.

The median age in the town was 42.8 years. 20.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.4% were from 25 to 44; 33.2% were from 45 to 64; and 12.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 50.9% male and 49.1% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 691 people, 286 households, and 193 families residing in the town. The population density was 3,119.1 per square mile (1,212.7/km²). There were 304 housing units at an average density of 1,372.2 per square mile (533.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.83% White, 0.43% African American, 0.58% Asian, 0.29% Hispanic or Latino, and 1.16% from two or more races.

There were 286 households out of which 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.5% were non-families. 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the town the population was spread out with 21.7% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 103.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $41,786, and the median income for a family was $52,875. Males had a median income of $37,500 versus $22,000 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,917. About 1.1% of families and 3.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-25. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-25. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-26. 
  4. ^ "Memorial Day Commemoration in Sharpsburg". U.S. Department of the Interior. National Park Service. 2009-05-01. 
  5. ^ "WEEKLY LIST OF ACTIONS TAKEN ON PROPERTIES: 12/22/08 THROUGH 12/24/08". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-02. 
  6. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]