Washington County, Maryland
|Washington County, Maryland|
Location in the state of Maryland
Maryland's location in the U.S.
467.55 sq mi (1,211 km²)
458.14 sq mi (1,187 km²)
9.41 sq mi (24 km²), 2.01%
322/sq mi (124.2/km²)
Washington County is a county located in the western part of the US state of Maryland, bordering southern Pennsylvania to the north, northern Virginia to the south, and the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia to the south and west. As of the 2010 Census, its population is 147,430. Washington County was the first county in the United States to be named for the Revolutionary War general (and later President) George Washington. Its county seat is Hagerstown.
Washington County is one of three counties in the Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area. Washington county has experienced a population boom, and is one of the fastest growing counties in the country, due to an influx of people from the Washington-Baltimore metropolitan areas.
The western portions of Maryland (including present Washington County) were incorporated into Prince George's County in 1696. This original county included six current counties. The first to be created was Frederick, separated from Prince George's County in 1748.
Washington County was formed on October 1, 1776 by the division of Frederick County. At the same time, Montgomery County was also separated from Frederick County and was named for General Richard Montgomery. Washington County as created included land later to become Allegany County (created in 1789) and Garrett County (included in Allegany County when it was created in 1789, but later separated from Allegany County). Washington County thus originally included the entire western part of the state.
Washington County is located in the Appalachian Mountains, stretching from the Ridge-and-Valley Country in the west to South Mountain in the east, which is an extension of the Blue Ridge. Much of the county lies in the broad Hagerstown Valley between these two zones; the valley is part of the Great Appalachian Valley that continues southward into Virginia and West Virginia as the Shenandoah Valley and northward into Pennsylvania as the Cumberland Valley.
The county is bordered to the north by the Mason-Dixon Line with Pennsylvania, to the south by the Potomac River and the states of Virginia and West Virginia, to the west by Sideling Hill Creek and Allegany County, Maryland, and to the east by Frederick County and South Mountain.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 467.55 square miles (1,210.9 km2), of which 458.14 square miles (1,186.6 km2) (or 97.99%) is land and 9.41 square miles (24.4 km2) (or 2.01%) is water.
Adjacent counties 
- Fulton County, Pennsylvania (northwest)
- Allegany County (west)
- Morgan County, West Virginia (southwest)
- Berkeley County, West Virginia (south)
- Jefferson County, West Virginia (south)
- Loudoun County, Virginia (southeast)
- Frederick County (east)
- Franklin County, Pennsylvania (northeast)
Law and government 
County government 
Washington County's 'leader' is known as the County Administrator. Currently, Greg Murray serves as the Administrator. However, Washington County's County Commissioners exercise executive powers as they exist in the government of the county.
The County Commissioners in Washington County comprise the traditional form of county government in Maryland. Current members include: Terry Baker, President, John F. Barr, Vice-President and Ruth Anne Callaham, Jeff Cline and William B. McKinley.
State representation 
Washington County is represented by two senators in the Maryland State Senate. Member Christopher B. Shank (R), serves the 2nd district in Maryland and Ronald N. Young (D), serves in the 3rd district. The county also is represented in Maryland General Assembly's other primary division, the Maryland House of Delegates. Delegates who stand for Washington County include: LeRoy Myers (R) for District 1C, Andrew A. Serafini (R) for District 2A, Neil Parrot (R) for District 2B, John P. Donoghue (D) for District 2C, and Michael Hough (R) for District 3B.
Federal representation 
Whereas according to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau:
- 85.1% White
- 9.6% Black
- 0.2% Native American
- 1.4% Asian
- 0.0% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
- 2.6% Two or more races
- 1.1% Other races
- 3.5% Hispanic or Latino (of any race)
As of the census of 2010, there were 147,430 people, 49,726 households, and 34,112 families residing in the county. The population density was 315 people per square mile (111/km²). There were 52,972 housing units at an average density of 116 per square mile (45/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.71% White or Caucasian, 7.77% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.80% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. 1.19% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. In the Census 2000, 32.1% identified as being of German ancestry, 21.4% American, 8.8% Irish, and 8.4% English ancestry.
There were 49,726 households out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.00% were married couples living together, 10.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.40% were non-families. 26.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the county the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 31.30% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 104.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $40,617, and the median income for a family was $48,962. Males had a median income of $34,917 versus $24,524 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,062. About 7.00% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.30% of those under age 18 and 9.50% of those age 65 or over.
Washington County contains the following incorporated municipalities:
- 1 City:
- Hagerstown (incorporated 1813)
Unincorporated areas are also considered as towns by many people and listed in many collections of towns, but they lack local government. Various organizations, such as the United States Census Bureau, the United States Postal Service, and local chambers of commerce, define the communities they wish to recognize differently, and since they are not incorporated, their boundaries have no official status outside the organizations in question. The Census Bureau recognizes the following census-designated places in the county:
- Fort Ritchie
- Fountainhead-Orchard Hills (a combination of the communities of Fountainhead and Orchard Hills recognized as a unit by the Census Bureau)
- Highfield-Cascade (a combination of the communities of Highfield and Cascade recognized as a unit by the Census Bureau)
- Mount Aetna
- Mount Lena
- Paramount-Long Meadow (a combination of the communities of Paramount and Long Meadow recognized as a unit by the Census Bureau)
- Saint James
- San Mar
- Wilson-Conococheague (a combination of the communities of Wilson and Conococheague recognized as a unit by the Census Bureau)
Other unincorporated areas not listed as CDP's include:
- Beaver Creek
- Big Pool
- Cedar Grove
- Eakles Mills
- Indian Springs
- Pen Mar
- Samples Manor
- Sandy Hook
- Van Lear
Parks and recreation 
National parks 
- Antietam National Battlefield
- Appalachian National Scenic Trail
- Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park
- Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
State parks 
- Fort Frederick State Park
- Fort Tonoloway State Park
- Gathland State Park
- Greenbrier State Park
- South Mountain State Park
- Washington Monument State Park
Other recreation 
- Crystal Grottoes, the only show caves in Maryland.
- Sideling Hill man-made mountain pass on Interstate 68/U.S. Route 40 roughly 5 miles (8.0 km) west of Hancock shows off 100 million years+ of rock formation with Information Center and walkways on the premises.
- Stoney Creek Farm
- Washington County Rural Heritage Museum
Washington County Public Schools administers public schools in the county. See Washington County Public Schools – School Directory for a detailed listing of elementary, middle, high, and other schools.
High schools 
Public high schools
Private high schools
Colleges and universities 
- Hagerstown Community College, 2-year public community college.
- Kaplan College, formerly known as Hagerstown Business College.
- Mount Saint Mary's University, Hagerstown Campus, offers Masters of Business Administration (MBA) degrees.
- University System of Maryland at Hagerstown, a branch of the University of Maryland offering various associate's, bachelor's, and master's degree programs in connection with other state colleges and universities in Maryland.
- Vinayaka Missions America University, India-based university with campuses throughout the world recently establishing its first American campus in Hagerstown.
Notable residents and natives 
See also 
- 2010 U.S. Census Results: Maryland, U.S. Census Bureau, 2011. Retrieved February 15, 2011.
- , Washington County, Maryland History and Genealogy, 2006. Retrieved 2008.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-24.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved February 13, 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Washington County, Maryland|
- Washington County government
- Hagerstown-Washington County Chamber of Commerce
- Hagerstown-Washington County Convention & Visitor's Bureau
|Wikivoyage has travel information related to: Washington County (Maryland)|
- Washington County at the Open Directory Project
- Washington County Free Library
- WHILBR – Western Maryland's Historical Library
- Washington County Free Library – Historic Newspaper Indexing Project
- Washington County Museum of Fine Arts
- Washington County Economic Development Commission
||Fulton County, Pennsylvania||Franklin County, Pennsylvania|
|Allegany County||Frederick County|
|Morgan County, West Virginia||Berkeley County, West Virginia and Jefferson County, West Virginia||Loudoun County, Virginia|