Shawnee Hills AVA
|Type||American Viticultural Area|
|Total area||1,370,000 acres (5,500 km2)|
|Size of planted vineyards||300 acres (1 km2)|
|No. of vineyards||55|
|Grapes produced||Cabernet Franc, Chambourcin, Chancellor, Chardonel, Frontenac, Riesling, Traminette|
|No. of wineries||18|
The Shawnee Hills AVA is an American Viticultural Area located between the Mississippi River and the Ohio River in southern Illinois. The wine appellation includes over 2,140 square miles (5,500 km2) of land in portions of Alexander, Gallatin, Hardin, Jackson, Johnson, Pope, Pulaski, Randolph, Saline, Union, and Williamson counties. The region stretches approximately 80 miles (130 km) east-west and 20 miles (30 km) north-south, and includes the vast majority of the Shawnee National Forest.
The AVA was created as a result of the successful petition of Ted Wichmann, owner of Owl Creek Vineyard. The area is named after the Shawnee, a Native American nation that settled in Southern Illinois in the mid 18th century. The AVA is served by the Shawnee Hills Wine Trail.
At least 20 wineries as well as additional vineyards produced wine and grow grapes within the Shawnee Hills AVA. Most of the wineries are aligned with the Shawnee Hills Wine Trail in the southwestern portion of the AVA (south of Route 13 and west of Interstate 57). The Southern Illinois Wine Trail (east of Interstate 57) includes the next largest grouping, as well as some wineries located just outside the AVA. The area around Kinkaid Lake in the northwestern corner of the AVA is also seeing a number of new wineries develop.
Economic impact of wine trail 
As early as 1999, the Illinois Grape and Wine Resources Council estimated the wine trail's products provided more than $1 million boost to the area economy. By 2001, the wine trail had grown to five wineries producing more than 150,000 bottles. In November 2010, Gary Orlandini Vineyards used "leaps and bounds" to describe the growth of the wine trail, explaining the wineries along the trail had averaged 28 percent annual growth since the mid-1990s when the trail first organized.
The development of the wineries has also boosted the region's hospitality industry with around four dozen specialty lodging facilities - bed and breakfast inns, cabins and vacation rentals - all but the state-owned Giant City Lodge and one or two others, opening in the last 15 years. These don't count the new motels and hotels in Carbondale, Illinois on the north edge of the wine trail.
Recent research shows approximately 40 percent of the visitors to the wine trail are non-local (defined as coming from at least 50 miles away). Tourists attracted to the wine trail tended to be older and possessed a higher household income then local wine visitors. Sixty-five percent of the tourists were between the ages of 32 and 59, and another 15 percent were 60 or older. Also, 65 percent had household incomes above $75,000.
- Code of Federal Regulations. "§ 9.206 Shawnee Hills." Title 27: Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms; Part 9 — American Viticultural Areas; Subpart C — Approved American Viticultural Areas. Retrieved Feb. 5, 2008.
- Owl Creek Vineyard (2006). "Shawnee Hills AVA Gets Federal Nod". Retrieved Feb. 5, 2008.
- Appellation America (2007). "Shawnee Hills (AVA): Appellation Description". Retrieved Feb. 5, 2008.
- "Shawnee Hills Wine Trail/History."
- Matt Bliss and Kelly Drew. 2009. Exploring Southern Illinois Wineries. Makanda, Ill.: Lusk Creek Publishing.
- B. Ray Owen. July 23, 2001. "... Some Very Good Years." Southeast Missourian (Cape Girardeau, Mo.). 1A-2A
- Stephen Rickerl. Nov. 29, 2010. "Wineries see boom during holidays." Southern Illinoisan (Carbondale, Ill.). http://thesouthern.com/news/local/article_774e5954-fb78-11df-aa59-001cc4c03286.html.
- Sylvia Smith, Nicole Davis and John Pike. October 2010. "Rural Tourism Development: A Case Study of the Shawnee Hills Wine Trail in Southern Illinois." Journal of Extension. 45:5. http://www.joe.org/joe/2010october/rb4.php.