Shrewsbury, Massachusetts

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Town of Shrewsbury
Town
Homestead of General Artemas Ward
Homestead of General Artemas Ward
Official seal of Town of Shrewsbury
Seal
Location in Worcester County in Massachusetts
Location in Worcester County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°17′45″N 71°42′48″W / 42.29583°N 71.71333°W / 42.29583; -71.71333Coordinates: 42°17′45″N 71°42′48″W / 42.29583°N 71.71333°W / 42.29583; -71.71333
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Worcester
Settled 1722
Incorporated 1727
Government
 • Type Representative town meeting
 • Town
   Manager
Daniel J. Morgado
 • Board of
   Selectmen
James Kane
Maurice DePalo
Moira Miller
John Lebeaux
Henry Fitzgerald
Area
 • Total 21.7 sq mi (56.1 km2)
 • Land 20.7 sq mi (53.7 km2)
 • Water 0.9 sq mi (2.4 km2)
Elevation 668 ft (204 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 35,608
 • Density 1,526.3/sq mi (589.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01545
Area code(s) 508 / 774
FIPS code 25-61800
GNIS feature ID 0619489
Website www.shrewsbury-ma.gov

Shrewsbury is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. Shrewsbury is an unusual New England town in that it was neither a mill town nor a farming village. Rather, it grew as a suburb to neighboring Worcester from the start, with visitors to Lake Quinsigamond.[citation needed] The population was 35,608 according to the 2010 US Census, in nearly 12,400 households.

Incorporated in 1727, the town is governed now under the New England representative town meeting system, headed by the Town Manager and five-member elected Board of Selectmen whose duties include licensing, appointing various administrative positions, and calling a town meeting of citizens annually or whenever the need arises.

History[edit]

First Congregational Church

The Town of Shrewsbury, named for Shrewsbury, England, is a suburban community with an uneven and hilly terrain cut by a number of minor streams providing several small water power sites. Grants of land were made in what would eventually be the town beginning in 1664, with the 3,200-acre (13 km2) grant called Haynes Farm as the largest. Settlers came primarily from Sudbury and Marlborough, and the first permanent settler was Gersham Wheelock in 1720. As a town, Shrewsbury was first settled in 1722 and officially incorporated in 1727.

Townspeople created an agricultural economy with apple orchards, and by 1750, there were two stores and four taverns as well as several small industries in operation. The rapid fall of prices for agricultural goods, the shortage of hard currency, and the general economic depression following the Revolutionary War produced disastrous conditions for colonists. Shays' Rebellion in 1786 sought to close the courts to prevent debt collections and the foreclosure of mortgages. Shrewsbury became a staging area for the rebellion and the encampment of the more than 400 insurgents, before the march on the Worcester Court House.

A leather industry began in 1786 in Shrewsbury, and town farmers developed large cattle herds to support the manufacture of boots and shoes. This was followed by the establishment of gunsmithing operations in 1797, which produced rifles, shotguns and pistols and eventually cutlery. Luther Goddard began in 1809 by making brass clocks and then established a small watch factory employing a few skilled Swiss and English watchmakers. Lumbering created sawmills, and they in turn drew chair and cabinet makers, plow and wagon builders.

The development of streetcar routes in the 19th century spurred the growth of single-family housing in town. A summer resort population on Lake Quinsigamond became consumers of the market garden produce grown by town farmers. As Shrewsbury's industry was killed off by the lack of large waterpower sites and the tardy arrival of the railroad, its role as a suburb of Worcester grew more important. The town's population doubled from 1915 to 1940 as continued streetcar suburb growth brought more modern settlers into the community. Other modern developments included an increased number of lakeside cottages, ethnic clubs and recreational areas on the lake. The economy of modern Shrewsbury has been described as depending on agriculture, the resort industry and the providing of recreation and food for the population of Worcester.[1][2]

Registered Historic Places[edit]

Shrewsbury is home to three current and one former Nationally Registered Historic Places:

Geography[edit]

Shrewsbury is a suburb of both Boston and Worcester, about 45 minutes from Boston and 10 minutes to downtown Worcester.

Shrewsbury is located in Central Massachusetts, bordered on the west by Worcester, separated by Lake Quinsigamond. To the north is Boylston and Interstate 290. The south side is bounded by Grafton. Northborough and Westborough are to the east. A small parcel of land on the northwest side is bordered by West Boylston.

The town has a total area of 21.6 square miles (56 km2), of which, 20.7 square miles (54 km2) of it is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) of it (4.25%) is water.[3]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Shrewsbury, Massachusetts
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F 64 70 83 90 97 96 96 98 96 86 78 69 98
Average high °F 33 36 44 55 68 76 81 79 71 61 50 38 57.7
Average low °F 15 17 26 37 48 57 63 61 52 40 32 22 39.2
Record low °F −26 −15 −6 13 28 34 42 36 28 18 9 −10 −26
Precipitation inches 4.20 3.48 4.27 4.36 3.94 3.93 3.80 4.26 4.11 4.33 4.46 3.99 49.13
Record high °C 18 21 28 32 36 36 36 37 36 30 26 21 37
Average high °C 1 2 7 13 20 24 27 26 22 16 10 3 14.3
Average low °C −9 −8 −3 3 9 14 17 16 11 4 0 −6 4
Record low °C −32 −26 −21 −11 −2 1 6 2 −2 −8 −13 −23 −32
Precipitation mm 106.7 88.4 108.5 110.7 100.1 99.8 96.5 108.2 104.4 110 113.3 101.3 1,247.9
Source: Weather.com[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1850 1,596 —    
1860 1,558 −2.4%
1870 1,610 +3.3%
1880 1,500 −6.8%
1890 1,449 −3.4%
1900 1,626 +12.2%
1910 1,946 +19.7%
1920 3,708 +90.5%
1930 6,910 +86.4%
1940 7,586 +9.8%
1950 10,594 +39.7%
1960 16,622 +56.9%
1970 19,196 +15.5%
1980 22,674 +18.1%
1990 24,146 +6.5%
2000 31,640 +31.0%
2010 35,608 +12.5%

Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14]

By the 2010 census, the population had reached 35,608.

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 31,640 people, 12,366 households, and 8,693 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,526.3 inhabitants per square mile (589.3 /km2). There were 12,696 housing units at an average density of 612.4 per square mile (236.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 89.12% White, 1.45% African American, 0.12% Native American, 7.61% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.69% from other races, and 1.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.59% of the population.

There were 12,366 households, out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.1% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.7% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54, and the average family size was 3.09.

In the town the population was spread out, with 25.6% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 33.4% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $89,000, and the median income for a family was $104,000 (as of the 2010 census)[16]). Males had a median income of $56,259 versus $37,129 for females. The per capita income for the town was $31,570. About 3.3% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.6% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Town Hall

Town government[edit]

20081214-shrewsbury-ice-storm-damage-revolution-monument-1.jpg
20081214-shrewsbury-ice-storm-damage-revolution-monument-2.jpg

Shrewsbury is governed in the traditional New England style. Municipal elections are held on the first Tuesday in May.

Legislative Branch: Representative Town Meeting: 240 elected members.

Executive Branch: Five-member Board of Selectmen with three-year staggered terms, an appointed Town Manager, and other elected and appointed positions.

Moderator
  • Christopher Mehne (2015)
Board of Selectmen
  • Maurice M. DePalo (2014)
  • Henry Fitzgerald (2014)
  • James F. Kane (2015)
  • John I. Lebeaux (2016)
  • Moira Miller (2016)
School Committee
  • Erin H. Canzano (2016)
  • Sandra Fryc (2014)
  • Dale Magee (2016)
  • Jason Palitsch (2015)
  • John Samia (2014)
Library Board of Trustees
  • Jack Avis (2015)
  • Joan T. Barry (2014)
  • Beth Casavant (2016)
  • Nancy Gilbert (2016)
  • Laurie Lindberg Hogan (2015)
  • Carl A. Larson (2015)
  • Kevin M. McKenna (2014)
  • Frank Stille (2014)
  • Frances Whitney (2016)
Appointed officials (selected)

Source: "Town Officials". Town of Shrewsbury. 

Various other boards, committees, and commissions round out the variety of services provided to residents, including water, health, fire, ambulance, police, education, recreation, etc.

County, state, and federal government[edit]

County-level state agency heads
Clerk of Courts: Dennis P. McManus (D)
District Attorney: Joseph D. Early, Jr. (D)
Register of Deeds: Anthony J. Vigliotti (D)
Register of Probate: Stephen Abraham (D)
County Sheriff: Lew Evangelidis (R)
State government
State Representative(s): Matthew Beaton (R–11th Worcester district)
State Senator(s): Michael O. Moore (D–2nd Worcester district)
Governor's Councilor(s): Jen Caissie (R)
Federal government
U.S. Representative(s): James McGovern (DMassachusetts's 2nd congressional district)
U.S. Senators: Elizabeth Warren (D), Ed Markey (D)


Education[edit]

Shrewsbury High School
St. John's High School

Shrewsbury Public Schools is the public school district in the town. Schools in the district include Oak Middle School and Shrewsbury High School.

Library[edit]

Shrewsbury Public Library, 1899

The Shrewsbury Public Library was established in 1872.[17][18] In fiscal year 2008, the town of Shrewsbury spent 1.4% ($1,164,563) of its budget on its public library — about $34 per town resident.[19] Following the 1978 library expansion project, another expansion was needed. In 2004 and 2010, officials completed research showing inadequate space, poorly maintained roofs and heating/cooling systems, lack of handicap accessibility, and a growing demand for library services. In 2010, a project was proposed that would create a new 42,000-square-foot (3,900 m2) facility for a total of approximately $19 million.[20]

Notable people[edit]

Notable businesses[edit]

Streets[edit]

Shrewsbury is broken down into districts breaking the town down into sections.[21]

  • Prospect Street The "Historic Street" known by many, has many key features with Dean Park[22] Prospect Park [23] to name two.
  • Lake Street/ Beverly Hill Drive Key features include Hill Side [24]

References[edit]

Flag flying over the town common
  1. ^ Massachusetts Department of Housing and Community Development
  2. ^ Narrative supplied by community and based on information provided by the Massachusetts Historical Commission.
  3. ^ According to the United States Census Bureau
  4. ^ "Weather.com". 
  5. ^ "TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010. 
  6. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  7. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  8. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  9. ^ "1950 Census of Population". 1: Number of Inhabitants. Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  10. ^ "1920 Census of Population". Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  11. ^ "1890 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  12. ^ "1870 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  13. ^ "1860 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  14. ^ "1850 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ Shrewsbury town United States Census Bureau
  17. ^ Tillinghast, C.B. (1891). The free public libraries of Massachusetts. 1st Report of the Free Public Library Commission of Massachusetts. Boston: Wright & Potter. 
  18. ^ http://www.shrewsbury-ma.gov/department/index.php?fDD=17-0 Retrieved November 10, 2010
  19. ^ July 1, 2007 through June 30, 2008; cf. The FY2008 Municipal Pie: What’s Your Share?, Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Board of Library Commissioners. Boston: 2009, Retrieved August 4, 2010
  20. ^ Campaign4ShrewsburyLibrary.net. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
  21. ^ http://www.shrewsbury-ma.gov/egov/docs/1327424553_848052.pdf
  22. ^ http://www.shrewsbury-ma.gov/department/division.php?fDD=4-5
  23. ^ http://www.prospectfriends.org/
  24. ^ http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vtcstjoh/cemetery/hillsidelist.htm

External links[edit]