Princeton, Massachusetts

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Princeton, Massachusetts
Town
Town Common in Princeton, MA
Town Common in Princeton, MA
Flag of Princeton, Massachusetts
Flag
Location in Worcester County in Massachusetts
Location in Worcester County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°26′55″N 71°52′40″W / 42.44861°N 71.87778°W / 42.44861; -71.87778Coordinates: 42°26′55″N 71°52′40″W / 42.44861°N 71.87778°W / 42.44861; -71.87778
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Worcester
Settled 1743
Incorporated 1771
Government
 • Type Open town meeting
 • Town
   Administrator
John Lebeaux
 • Board of
   Selectmen
Edith M. Morgan, Chairman
Stan Moss
Neil A. Sulmasy
Area
 • Total 35.8 sq mi (92.8 km2)
 • Land 35.4 sq mi (91.8 km2)
 • Water 0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2)
Elevation 1,175 ft (358 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 3,413
 • Density 94.6/sq mi (36.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01541
Area code(s) 351 / 978
FIPS code 25-55395
GNIS feature ID 0618380
Website http://town.princeton.ma.us/

Princeton is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. It is bordered on the east by Sterling and Leominster, on the north by Westminster, on the northwest by Hubbardston, on the southwest by Rutland, and on the southeast by Holden. The preeminent landmark within Princeton is Mount Wachusett, which straddles the line between Princeton and Westminster but the entrance to which is within Princeton. According to tradition, in 1675, Mary Rowlandson was ransomed upon Redemption Rock, now within the town of Princeton, by King Philip. The population was 3,413 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Princeton was created in 1759, out of land that was once part of Rutland. It was named after the Rev. Thomas Prince.[1] In 1810, it annexed a piece of Hubbardston, and in 1870, it annexed a piece of Westminster.

Register of Historic Places[edit]

Princeton has five entries on the National Register of Historic Places:

  • East Princeton Village Historic District — Roughly Main St., Leominster Rd. (added April 18, 2004)
  • Fernside-Vacation House for Working Girls — 162 Mountain Rd. (added July 27, 2002)
  • Princeton Center Historic District — Jct. of Hubbardston and Mountain Rds. (added March 26, 1999)
  • Russell Corner Historic District - Merriam, Gregory Hill, East Princeton and Sterling Rds, Bullock Lane, (added February 22, 2006)
  • West Village Historic District - Jct. of Allen Hill and Hubbardston Roads
East Princeton Village Historic District along Route 140
West Village Historic District

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 35.8 square miles (93 km2), of which, 35.4 square miles (92 km2) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) of it (1.12%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 3,353 people, 1,166 households, and 959 families residing in the town. The population density was 94.6 inhabitants per square mile (36.5 /km2). There were 1,196 housing units at an average density of 33.7 per square mile (13.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.75% White, 0.30% African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.95% Asian, 0.63% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.46% of the population.

There were 1,166 households out of which 41.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 74.7% were married couples living together, 5.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.7% were non-families. 13.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the town the population was spread out with 28.9% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 29.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 102.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $80,993, and the median income for a family was $84,300. Males had a median income of $60,888 versus $39,494 for females. The per capita income for the town was $32,232. About 2.7% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.3% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

County-level state agency heads
Clerk of Courts: Dennis P. McManus (D)
District Attorney: Joseph D. Early, Jr. (D)
Register of Deeds: Anthony J. Vigliotti (D)
Register of Probate: Stephen Abraham (D)
County Sheriff: Lew Evangelidis (R)
State government
State Representative(s): Kimberly Ferguson (R)
State Senator(s): Harriette L. Chandler (D)
Governor's Councilor(s): Jen Caissie (R)
Federal government
U.S. Representative(s): James P. McGovern (D-2nd District),
U.S. Senators: Elizabeth Warren (D), Ed Markey (D)


Princeton Public Library at right and Bagg Hall (town hall) at left, 1899

Library[edit]

The Princeton Public Library was established in 1884.[13][14] In fiscal year 2008, the town of Princeton spent 1.6% ($129,243) of its budget on its public library—some $37 per person.[15]

Bagg Hall, the town hall of Princeton, MA

Education[edit]

Elementary and Middle Schools

The Thomas Prince School, serves as a K-8 school for the town.The Thomas Prince School is part of the five town Wachusett Regional School District.

High Schools

The two public high schools serving the town of Princeton are Wachusett Regional High School in Holden, MA, the traditional public high school and Montachusett Regional Vocational Technical School in Fitchburg, MA, the vocational/technical high school.

Organizations[edit]

Princeton has organizations that has been created by its residents to help in many different ways.

Hearts for Heat[edit]

Hearts for Heat has recently become a notable aspect of Princeton life. Founded in 2006 by Princeton resident Cindy Shea, this non-governmental organization provides heat (oil, coal, wood, electric) to residents of Princeton. After meeting 100% of fuel assistance need in Princeton, the NGO expanded to include sections in surrounding towns Spencer, Massachusetts, North Brookfield, Massachusetts, and Leicester, Massachusetts. The up-and-coming NGO's unique attributes are its community-binding nature, as well as its promise to use every dollar donated for actual fuel distributions. Recently featured on the front page of the Worcester County newspaper, the Telegram and Gazette, Shea has also found herself the focus of articles in Worcester Living Magazine, and the Landmark, Wachusett Region's newspaper.

Points of Interest[edit]

Backside of the Princeton Public Library

Notable people[edit]

  • Moses Gill (1734–1800), Massachusetts lieutenant governor and acting governor
  • Ward Nicholas Boylston (1747–1828), gentleman, businessman, and philanthropist, lived in Princeton from September, 1804 until his death. He bequeathed $1000 to the town of Princeton for its church and minister and the support of indigent and deserving widows and orphan children.[16]
  • Edward Savage (1761-1817), portrait artist, engraver, and early museum proprietor
  • Ezra Heywood (1829–1893), anarchist, slavery abolitionist, and feminist

Film references[edit]

  • The 2001 film Shallow Hal had scenes shot in Princeton at Wachusett Mountain.
  • The 2006 film The Legend of Lucy Keyes is a movie about Princeton and its old legend. A legend where little 4 year old Lucy Keyes follows her sisters to fetch some water from Wachusett Lake but vanishes and never returns to the house. Her mother, Martha, spends night and day looking for her and calling her name. Some believe Lucy and her mother Martha still haunt on and around Wachusett Mountain.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Profile for Princeton, Massachusetts". ePodunk. Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
  2. ^ "TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010. 
  3. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  4. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  5. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  6. ^ "1950 Census of Population". 1: Number of Inhabitants. Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  7. ^ "1920 Census of Population". Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  8. ^ "1890 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  9. ^ "1870 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  10. ^ "1860 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  11. ^ "1850 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ C.B. Tillinghast. The free public libraries of Massachusetts. 1st Report of the Free Public Library Commission of Massachusetts. Boston: Wright & Potter, 1891. Google books
  14. ^ http://www.princetonpubliclibrary.org/ Retrieved 2010-11-10
  15. ^ July 1, 2007 through June 30, 2008; cf. The FY2008 Municipal Pie: What’s Your Share? Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Board of Library Commissioners. Boston: 2009. Available: Municipal Pie Reports. Retrieved 2010-08-04
  16. ^ "Ward Nicholas Boylston", Princeton (Massachusetts) Historical Society

External links[edit]