Auburn, Massachusetts

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Auburn, Massachusetts
Town
Auburn Town Offices and Merriam Library
Auburn Town Offices and Merriam Library
Official seal of Auburn, Massachusetts
Seal
Location in Worcester County in Massachusetts
Location in Worcester County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°12′N 71°50′W / 42.200°N 71.833°W / 42.200; -71.833Coordinates: 42°12′N 71°50′W / 42.200°N 71.833°W / 42.200; -71.833
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Worcester
Settled 1714
Incorporated April 10, 1778
Government
 • Type Representative town meeting
 • Town Manager Julie Jacobson
 • Board of
    Selectmen
Timothy Hicks
Robert Grossman
Doreen Goodrich
Steven Simonian
Denise Brotherton
 • School
    Committee
Leanne Gibree
Wayne Paige
Elizabeth Gribbons
Todd Hammond
Jeffery Lourie
Area
 • Total 16.4 sq mi (42.5 km2)
 • Land 15.4 sq mi (39.8 km2)
 • Water 1.0 sq mi (2.7 km2)
Elevation 603 ft (184 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 16,188
 • Density 1,051.2/sq mi (406.7/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01501
Area code(s) 508 / 774
FIPS code 25-02760
GNIS feature ID 0619474
Website Town website

Auburn is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 16,188 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

The Auburn area was first settled in 1714 as Of Today outer parts of Worcester, Sutton, Leicester and Oxford, Massachusetts, and the town was officially incorporated on April 10, 1778 as the town of Ward,[1] in honor of American Revolution General Artemas Ward. The town changed its name to Auburn in 1837, after the Post Office complained that the name was too similar to the nearby town of Ware.

Before incorporation, most of Auburn was known as the South Parish of Worcester; other portions fell within the town limits of Leicester and Millbury.

Robert Goddard launched the first liquid-fueled rocket from Pakachoag Hill, on his Aunt Effe Ward's farm, in Auburn on March 16, 1926. Goddard is commemorated in Goddard Memorial Park, located downtown next to the Auburn Fire Department Headquarters.

In this park there is a model of Dr. Goddard's prototype liquid-fueled rocket and a Polaris Ballistic Missile (Type A-1). Across the street at the Auburn High School stands a mini version of the prototype.

In addition, there is a small memorial commemorating the feat on the actual site where Goddard launched his rocket.[2] (The memorial is located between the 1st and 9th holes on Pakachoag Golf Course.)

Highways[edit]

I-90: The 138 mile Massachusetts Turnpike was commissioned in 1957 and is a part of the 3,099 mile long I-90, the longest Interstate in the country. Almost 5 miles of I-90 runs from the west-southwest to east-northeast through Auburn and is six lanes wide (three each direction) through the town. The right of way is nominally about 300 feet wide. Auburn also contains Exit 10. The total land utilized in Auburn for the interstate is about 200 acres.

I-290: The first three miles of the 20 mile long northbound Interstate 290 is in Auburn along with exits 7 (I-90), 8 (Rt. 12), and 9 (Swanson RD EB, Auburn St. WB).

I-395: Two miles of Interstate 395 are in Auburn which becomes I-290 where they pass I-90.

Route 12: Five miles of Rt. 12 (Southbridge St.) traverses generally north/south through Auburn and its intersection with Auburn St. is named Drury Square.

US 20: Five miles of US 20 runs through Auburn. At 3,365 miles, US 20 is the longest road in the United States. In Auburn it is also known as Southbridge St. (concurrent section with RT 12), Washington St. and the SW Cutoff.

Government[edit]

The form of government is representative town meeting. There are 24 town-meeting members from each of the five precincts of the town, for a total of 120 who represent the people at the annual town meeting each May.

County-level state agency heads
Clerk of Courts: Dennis P. McManus (D)
District Attorney: Joseph D. Early, Jr. (D)
Register of Deeds: Anthony J. Vigliotti (D)
Register of Probate: Stephen Abraham (D)
County Sheriff: Lew Evangelidis (R)
State government
State Representative(s): Paul K. Frost (R)
State Senator(s): Michael O. Moore (D)
Governor's Councilor(s): Jen Caissie (R)
Federal government
U.S. Representative(s): 2nd District
U.S. Senators: Elizabeth Warren (D), Ed Markey (D)


Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1850 879 —    
1860 914 +4.0%
1870 1,178 +28.9%
1880 1,317 +11.8%
1890 1,532 +16.3%
1900 2,446 +59.7%
1910 2,797 +14.3%
1920 3,052 +9.1%
1930 6,147 +101.4%
1940 6,629 +7.8%
1950 8,840 +33.4%
1960 14,047 +58.9%
1970 15,347 +9.3%
1980 14,845 −3.3%
1990 15,005 +1.1%
2000 15,901 +6.0%
2010 16,188 +1.8%

Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]

The 2010 Auburn, MA, population is 16,188. There are 1,053 people per square mile.

Families in Auburn, MA

The median age is 40.8. The US median is 37.6. 61.86% of people in Auburn, MA, are married. 8.00% are divorced. The average household size is 2.41 people. 22.71% of people are married, with children. 5.08% have children, but are single.

Racial demographics in Auburn, Massachusetts

According to the 2000 census, 97.21% of people are white, 0.81% are black or African American, 1.19% are Asian, 0.10% are Native American, and 1.00% are "other". 1.24% of the people in Auburn, MA, are of Hispanic ethnicity.

Education[edit]

Auburn has two elementary school "districts." Homes north and west of Route 12 (Southbridge Street) feed into Bryn Mawr School (grades K–2) and Julia Bancroft School (grades 3–5). The other half of town feeds into Mary D. Stone School (grades K–2) and Pakachoag School (grades 3–5). All Auburn public school students attend Auburn Middle School (grades 6–8). Some students attend Auburn High School (grades 9–12), while others are given the option to attend Bay Path Regional Vocational Technical High School.

A new Auburn High School opened on Drury Square in the center of town directly next to the old high school in the fall of 2006, equipped with turfed fields, to include the football field (Memorial Field) all-purpose field, baseball field, and a grass softball field (Rebecca J. Colokaithis Field), as well three new tennis courts and a basketball court (Holstrom Corner). Auburn High School participates in the Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System.

In 2006 a group called "Save the '35" protested demolition of the oldest (1935) wing of the former high school. The old high school has now been completely demolished, except the dome on top of the high school, which is now located as a monument outside of right center field of the baseball field. A few of the bricks of the old building were sold within the town, and there are some located at the Auburn Historical Museum. In 1997, the Eastern Nazarene College started a learning annex in Auburn.[13]

Points of interest[edit]

  • Goddard Rocket Launching Site
  • Auburn Public Schools[14]
  • Lemansky Park (aka Rocketland Park)
  • Pakachoag Golf Course
  • Auburn Historical Museum
  • Horgan Skating Rink[15]
  • Auburn Public Library

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Town of Auburn, MA - Auburn History", Auburn, MA, 2013, webpage: AG-docs.
  2. ^ National Historic Landmarks Survey, by State - Massachusetts, page 8, accessed Oct. 19, 2007.
  3. ^ "TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010. 
  4. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  5. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  6. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  7. ^ "1950 Census of Population". 1: Number of Inhabitants. Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  8. ^ "1920 Census of Population". Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  9. ^ "1890 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  10. ^ "1870 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  11. ^ "1860 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  12. ^ "1850 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  13. ^ Salter, Sue (Summer 1997). "New Learning Center Launched at ENC" (PDF). News Vol. 7 No. 2. Consortium for the Advancement of Adult Higher Education. Retrieved 2009-05-29. 
  14. ^ Auburn Public Schools
  15. ^ Horgan Skating Rink
  16. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1967. 

External links[edit]