Slope Day is an annual day of celebration held at Cornell University during the last day of regular undergraduate classes. It usually falls on the first Friday of May and the official site of Slope Day is the Libe Slope, on the university campus. Though Slope Day has gone through many phases, in recent years focus has shifted to live music and catered food and "beverages" on the Slope.
History of Slope Day 
Slope Day's origins can be traced to 1890, when the annual Navy Ball began on the Cornell University campus. The Navy Ball, held in October on the day before a major regatta on Cayuga Lake, was an evening dance with a band for the purpose of raising funds to support the Cornell crew and other athletic programs. Students traditionally skipped classes on the day of the regatta following the ball. In 1901, the Navy Ball was moved from October to May for the first time, and a committee including John L. Senior, Willard Straight, and Henry Schoellkopf arranged the event and entertainment. Attendance in classes on the following day was dismal, and in 1902, the university declared the following day a holiday called Spring Day. The annual Spring Day festivities involved a wide range of activities, from mock bullfights to circuses, typically on the Arts Quad. Spring Day remained a Cornell tradition for over 50 years. However, during the 1960s and 1970s, official Spring Day celebrations were considered an anachronism, as Cornell was in the midst of Vietnam-era protests and civil unrest.
This supposed 'era of turmoil' did not stop WVBR from hosting a live concert featuring a multi-hour lineup of local bands which coincided with the Spring Housing and Dining chicken barbecue on the slope in Spring 1971. About 2000 fun-loving people were in the picnic audience and it was broadcast live.
In 1979, an event then called "Springfest" was held on the last day of classes. Cornell Dining sponsored a chicken barbecue on Libe Slope and served beer to the students. At the time, New York State's drinking age was 18, making it easy for the university to sponsor both food and alcohol service for the event. For the next six years, Springfest involved live bands playing at the base of Libe Slope, with students dancing and drinking on the Slope itself. In December 1985, New York state raised the drinking age to 21, so University officials announced that the 1986 Springfest would be held in a fenced-in area on North Campus instead of the Slope. The student body responded with a massive "Take Back the Slope" campaign. All across campus, T-shirts, signs and chalk on sidewalks beckoned students to boycott the official Springfest and "Take Back the Slope." They did by the thousands, and the name "Slope Day" replaced "Springfest." In 1987, the University caved to pressure and had Robert Cray play on the Slope, but by 1988 the bands were gone once again and Slope Day became an unofficial event. For the next decade or so, the University tolerated Slope Day, and took little action to control it except for the banning of beer kegs in 1990. For many students the focus of Slope Day became the consumption of excessive amounts of alcohol.
Starting in the mid 90s, the University began a more gradual reining in of Slope Day, instead of repeating the failed strategy of regaining control all at once. SlopeFest, an alcohol-free event featuring carnival-style entertainment started to take place on West Campus in 1999. In 2001, the amount and type of alcohol students could bring onto the slope was limited. Starting in 2003, the Slope Day Steering Committee (initially organized as the President's Council on Alcohol and Other Drugs by president-emeritus Hunter S. Rawlings III) took charge of Slope Day, restricted access to Libe Slope, brought live entertainment, and provided catered food and drink service. This time, the University's assertion of control succeeded.
The students did not revolt, as their predecessors had done in the late 1980s. Thus, a new era of the Slope Day celebration began.
Recent[when?] Slope Day measures have tried to limit excess underage drinking. Bracelets with tabs that are used as tickets to purchase alcohol are only offered to those who are of age, and only one drink is sold per purchase. Free water has been handed out to all attendees since 2006, and several volunteers on the slope have supervised students.
Current Slope Day Activities 
In the fall of 2003 the Slope Day Programming Board was created by the Cornell University Student Assembly (SA), under the leadership of SA president Justin Fishbone, to lead the planning of social and recreational activities on Slope Day. The Slope Day Programming Board (SDPB) has an open membership policy for all undergraduate and graduate students at Cornell, and it works closely with university administrators and the Slope Day Steering Committee. The SDPB aims to create a fun and safe celebration for the entire Cornell community. Recently, access to these activities on Libe Slope and Ho Plaza and at nearby campus locations has been restricted to Cornell students, faculty, and staff, as well as selected guests.
Live musical performances are typically held during Slope Day. Past live performances included:
- May 1920: Sherbo's Orchestra 
- May 2, 1924: Dave Harman and his Orchestra 
- May 1928: R. Matthew Freeman and The Oarsmen
- 1934: Kevin McHale's Shrimpers
- May 1940: Glenn Miller
- 1947: Duke Ellington 
- May 16, 1953: Charlie Spivak, Skitch Henderson 
- May 15, 1954: Johnny Long, Jerry Gray 
- Friday, May 6, 1977: Commander Cody and His Lost Planet Airmen (Held on Libe Slope) this was the start of the new Slope Day or Springfest
- Sunday, May 8, 1977: The Grateful Dead (in Barton Hall) This concert was separate from the Slope Day. It is notable for being one of the most famous and enduring recorded Grateful Dead concerts. Like all recorded performances of the Grateful Dead, it is free to download and distribute, and it is the second-most-downloaded Grateful Dead concert on the Internet Archive.
- May 1981: The B Willie Smith Band 
- May 1984: The Ramones, Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes (Held in Barton Hall due to inclement weather)
- May 1986: S. Gambino and the Droopy Dogs
- May 1987 Robert Cray
- May 5, 2000: Pilfers
- May 4, 2001: Stroke 9
- May 3, 2002: Nada Surf
- May 2, 2003: Rusted Root, Fat Joe
- May 7, 2004: Kanye West, O.A.R., Dilated Peoples, Matt Nathanson (did not play)
- May 6, 2005: Snoop Dogg, The Game, The Starting Line
- May 5, 2006: Ben Folds, Talib Kweli, Acceptance
- May 4, 2007: T.I., TV on the Radio, Catch 22
- May 2, 2008: Ted Leo and the Pharmacists, Gym Class Heroes, Hot Hot Heat
- May 1, 2009: Pussycat Dolls, Asher Roth, and The Apples in Stereo
- May 7, 2010: Drake, Francis & The Lights, and k-os
- May 6, 2011: Nelly, Ra Ra Riot, The Cool Kids
- May 4, 2012: Taio Cruz, Neon Trees, The Wailers
- May 3, 2013: Kendrick Lamar, Hoodie Allen, 5 & A Dime
SlopeFest is a carnival type event accompanying Slope Day. In the past, this event has included various raffles, an airbrush tattoo artist and inflatable games. Started in 1999 by concerned students of the Slope Day Programming Board, SlopeFest was held on West Campus and hosted carnival-style games, food, and live musical performances. Starting in 2004, SlopeFest was incorporated into the main events of Slope Day and held inside the event perimeter. SlopeFest is now held on Ho Plaza. The Slope Day Programming Board, composed of students, plans all aspects of SlopeFest.
- "The Navy Ball," Cornell Alumni News, May 1, 1901.
- "Festive Atmosphere Prevails Through Spring Day History," The Cornell Daily Sun, May 14, 1954.
- "Announcer Helps Get Glenn Miller for Spring Day". Retrieved 2010-05-01.
- "This Week in History". Retrieved 2009-05-13.
- Aloi, Daniel (9 February 2010). "Fans recall Grateful Dead Barton Hall performance". Cornell Chronicle (Cornell University). Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- "Internet Archive Search: collection:GratefulDead". Internet Archive. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- "Pussycat Dolls Booked for Slope Day". Cornell Daily Sun. 26 March 2009. Retrieved 27 March 2009.
- Lui, Ann (27 March 2009). "Loving College: Hip-Hop Artist Asher Roth Relives Past as Slope Day Opener". Cornell Daily Sun. Retrieved 27 March 2009.
- "Slope Day History". Retrieved 2009-05-13.
- Official Slope Day Webpage
- A History of Slope Day from the Cornell Alumni Magazine
- A time-lapse movie of the 2001 Slope Day
- A History of Slope Day from the Cornell Daily Sun
- inflatable games