Songkhla

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Songkhla
City
City of Songkhla
City of Songkhla
Songkhla is located in Thailand
Songkhla
Songkhla
Coordinates: 7°12′22″N 100°35′48″E / 7.20611°N 100.59667°E / 7.20611; 100.59667
Country  Thailand
Provinces Songkhla Province
Amphoe Mueang Songkhla District
Elevation 11 m (36 ft)
Population (2006) 75,048
Time zone UTC+7 (UTC+7)
Laem Samila beach

Songkhla (Thai: สงขลา, pronounced [sǒŋ.kʰlǎː]), also known as Singgora or Singora (City on the Mountain), is a city (thesaban nakhon) in the Songkhla Province of southern Thailand, near the border with Malaysia. As of 2006 it had a population of 75,048. The city is a part of Greater Hatyai-Songkhla Metropolitan Area.

Despite being smaller than the neighboring city Hat Yai, Songkhla is the capital of Songkhla Province as well as the Mueang Songkhla district (Songkhla Town district).

Due to its location at the opening of the big Songkhla lake to the Gulf of Thailand, Songkhla is a fishing town and also an important harbour. It is the major seaport on the east side of the Isthmus of Kra.

Naga Head at Song Thale Park, Laem Son On, Songkhla City

History[edit]

On December 8, 1941 local time, hours before the December 7 (Hawaii time) Attack on Pearl Harbor, the Imperial Japanese army landed here invading Thailand. It then proceeded south towards Perlis and Penang as part of the Malayan campaign which culminated in the capture of Singapore.[1]

Since 2003 Songhkla has been affected by the Muslim insurgency in neighboring Narathiwat, Pattani, and Yala.[2]

The municipality's mayor, Peera Tantiserane, was murdered there in 2012.[3]

Climate[edit]

Songkhla has a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification Am). Temperatures are very warm to hot throughout the year with only minor variation. There is a short dry season in February and March; the rest of the year is wet, with especially heavy rainfall from October to December.

Climate data for Songkhla
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.8
(91)
32.8
(91)
36.5
(97.7)
38.2
(100.8)
36.5
(97.7)
36.5
(97.7)
36.2
(97.2)
36.2
(97.2)
35.9
(96.6)
35.2
(95.4)
34.0
(93.2)
33.3
(91.9)
38.2
(100.8)
Average high °C (°F) 29.6
(85.3)
30.4
(86.7)
31.4
(88.5)
32.6
(90.7)
32.9
(91.2)
32.8
(91)
32.6
(90.7)
32.6
(90.7)
32.2
(90)
31.1
(88)
29.6
(85.3)
29.1
(84.4)
31.41
(88.54)
Daily mean °C (°F) 27.1
(80.8)
27.6
(81.7)
28.3
(82.9)
29.0
(84.2)
28.9
(84)
28.5
(83.3)
28.3
(82.9)
28.3
(82.9)
27.9
(82.2)
27.4
(81.3)
26.9
(80.4)
26.7
(80.1)
27.91
(82.23)
Average low °C (°F) 24.0
(75.2)
24.1
(75.4)
24.2
(75.6)
24.6
(76.3)
24.6
(76.3)
24.3
(75.7)
23.9
(75)
24.0
(75.2)
23.8
(74.8)
23.8
(74.8)
23.9
(75)
24.0
(75.2)
24.1
(75.38)
Record low °C (°F) 19.1
(66.4)
20.3
(68.5)
19.7
(67.5)
21.0
(69.8)
21.8
(71.2)
20.2
(68.4)
21.1
(70)
21.3
(70.3)
21.0
(69.8)
20.7
(69.3)
20.4
(68.7)
20.7
(69.3)
19.1
(66.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 59.9
(2.358)
35.3
(1.39)
47.2
(1.858)
79.6
(3.134)
119.5
(4.705)
93.0
(3.661)
91.5
(3.602)
109.0
(4.291)
130.5
(5.138)
247.7
(9.752)
553.8
(21.803)
418.1
(16.461)
1,985.1
(78.153)
Avg. precipitation days 9.0 3.7 5.7 7.8 12.7 12.4 12.5 13.3 14.3 20.3 22.5 19.7 153.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 254.2 353.1 263.5 264.0 232.5 207.0 213.9 213.9 189.0 182.9 159.0 182.9 2,715.9
Source #1: World Meteorological Organization.[4]
Source #2: Hong Kong Observatory (sun only, 1961-1990),[5] NOAA (extremes, 1961-1990)[6]

Population[edit]

The majority of the population is Buddhist with a large proportion of Muslims, especially in the rural areas fringing the Malaysian border. These Muslims speak Yawi language, a Malay-related language which has some Thai influence especially loan words borrowed from the Thai language.[7]

Songkhla's district (Amphoe) has five Tambon Administrative Organizations (องค์การบริหารส่วนตำบล). Songkhla town takes up the whole of Bo Yang division.

No. Name Thai Villages Inhab.
1. Bo Yang บ่อยาง - 74,875
2. Khao Rup Chang เขารูปช้าง 10 38,662
3. Ko Taeo เกาะแต้ว 9 10,608
4. Phawong พะวง 8 24,130
5. Thung Wang ทุ่งหวัง 10 10,343
6. Ko Yo เกาะยอ 9 4,454

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Parfitt, Allen. "Bicycle Blitzkreig The Japanese Conquest of Malaya and Singapore 1941-1942". MilitaryHistoryOnline.com. Retrieved 9 August 2012. 
  2. ^ Saritdet Marukatat, Signs of new hope in South
  3. ^ "'Hitman' sought in Peera murder". Bangkokpost.com. 2012-11-13. Retrieved 2013-02-20. 
  4. ^ "Climatological Information for Songkhla". World Meteorological Association. Retrieved 27 March 2012. 
  5. ^ "Climatological Information for Songkhla, Thailand". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 27 March 2012. 
  6. ^ "Climate Normals for Songkhla". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 8 February 2013. 
  7. ^ Moshe Yegar, ''Between Integration and Secession''. Books.google.co.th. Retrieved 2013-02-20. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 7°12′22″N 100°35′48″E / 7.20611°N 100.59667°E / 7.20611; 100.59667