Songkhla

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This article is about the town Songkhla. For other uses, see Songkhla (disambiguation).
"Singgora" redirects here. For the historical city, see Sultanate of Singgora.
Songkhla, Thailand
City
City of Songkhla
City of Songkhla
Songkhla, Thailand is located in Thailand
Songkhla, Thailand
Songkhla, Thailand
Coordinates: 7°12′22″N 100°35′48″E / 7.20611°N 100.59667°E / 7.20611; 100.59667
Country  Thailand
Provinces Songkhla Province
Amphoe Mueang Songkhla District
Elevation 11 m (36 ft)
Population (2006) 75,048
Time zone UTC+7 (UTC+7)
Laem Samila beach

Songkhla (Thai: สงขลา, pronounced [sǒŋ.kʰlǎː]), also known as Singgora or Singora (City on the Mountain), is a city (thesaban nakhon) in the Songkhla Province of southern Thailand, near the border with Malaysia. As of 2006 it had a population of 75,048. The city is a part of Greater Hatyai-Songkhla Metropolitan Area.

Despite being smaller than the neighboring city Hat Yai, Songkhla is the capital of Songkhla Province as well as the Mueang Songkhla district (Songkhla Town district).

Due to its location at the opening of the big Songkhla lake to the Gulf of Thailand, Songkhla is a fishing town and also an important harbour. It is the major seaport on the east side of the Isthmus of Kra.

Naga Head at Song Thale Park, Laem Son On, Songkhla City

History[edit]

On December 8, 1941 local time, hours before the December 7 (Hawaii time) Attack on Pearl Harbor, the Imperial Japanese army landed here invading Thailand. It then proceeded south towards Perlis and Penang as part of the Malayan campaign which culminated in the capture of Singapore.[1]

Since 2003 Songhkla has been affected by the Muslim insurgency in neighboring Narathiwat, Pattani, and Yala.[2]

The municipality's mayor, Peera Tantiserane, was murdered there in 2012.[3]

Climate[edit]

Songkhla has a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification Am). Temperatures are very warm to hot throughout the year with only minor variation. There is a short dry season in February and March; the rest of the year is wet, with especially heavy rainfall from October to December.

Climate data for Songkhla (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.6
(85.3)
30.3
(86.5)
31.4
(88.5)
32.5
(90.5)
33.0
(91.4)
33.1
(91.6)
32.9
(91.2)
33.0
(91.4)
32.3
(90.1)
31.4
(88.5)
29.8
(85.6)
29.2
(84.6)
31.54
(88.77)
Average low °C (°F) 24.7
(76.5)
24.7
(76.5)
25.0
(77)
25.4
(77.7)
25.4
(77.7)
24.1
(75.4)
24.8
(76.6)
24.7
(76.5)
24.5
(76.1)
24.3
(75.7)
24.3
(75.7)
24.4
(75.9)
24.69
(76.44)
Rainfall mm (inches) 74.8
(2.945)
48.6
(1.913)
59.7
(2.35)
75.1
(2.957)
119.6
(4.709)
99.9
(3.933)
95.0
(3.74)
109.4
(4.307)
136.9
(5.39)
257.1
(10.122)
545.9
(21.492)
444.7
(17.508)
2,066.7
(81.366)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 9 4 5 7 14 12 12 13 14 21 22 20 153
 % humidity 78 77 78 78 78 77 77 76 79 82 84 82 78.8
Source: Thai Meteorological Department (Normal 1981-2010), (Avg. rainy days 1961-1990)

Population[edit]

The majority of the population is Buddhist with a large proportion of Muslims, especially in the rural areas fringing the Malaysian border. These Muslims speak Yawi language, a Malay-related language which has some Thai influence especially loan words borrowed from the Thai language.[4]

Songkhla's district (Amphoe) has five Tambon Administrative Organizations (องค์การบริหารส่วนตำบล). Songkhla town takes up the whole of Bo Yang division.

No. Name Thai Villages Inhab.
1. Bo Yang บ่อยาง - 74,875
2. Khao Rup Chang เขารูปช้าง 10 38,662
3. Ko Taeo เกาะแต้ว 9 10,608
4. Phawong พะวง 8 24,130
5. Thung Wang ทุ่งหวัง 10 10,343
6. Ko Yo เกาะยอ 9 4,454

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Parfitt, Allen. "Bicycle Blitzkreig The Japanese Conquest of Malaya and Singapore 1941-1942". MilitaryHistoryOnline.com. Retrieved 9 August 2012. 
  2. ^ Saritdet Marukatat, Signs of new hope in South
  3. ^ "'Hitman' sought in Peera murder". Bangkokpost.com. 2012-11-13. Retrieved 2013-02-20. 
  4. ^ Moshe Yegar, ''Between Integration and Secession''. Books.google.co.th. Retrieved 2013-02-20. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 7°12′22″N 100°35′48″E / 7.20611°N 100.59667°E / 7.20611; 100.59667