Surat Thani

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This article is about the town Surat Thani. For other uses, see Surat Thani (disambiguation).
Surat Thani
สุราษฎร์ธานี
City Municipality
Municipal office
Municipal office
Location in Thailand
Location in Thailand
Coordinates: 12°36′31″N 102°16′14″E / 12.60861°N 102.27056°E / 12.60861; 102.27056
Country Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand
Province Surat Thani Province
District Amphoe Mueang Surat Thani
Elevation 30 ft (10 m)
Population (2009)
 • Total 128,179
City pillar shrine in Surat Thani.

Surat Thani (Thai: สุราษฎร์ธานี, IPA: [surâːt tʰaːniː], Pronunciation) is a city in Amphoe Mueang Surat Thani, Surat Thani Province, southern Thailand. It is the capital of the province Surat Thani. The city has a population of 128,179 (2009), and an area of 68.97 square kilometers. The city's population density is 1,858.47 inhabitants per km².

Surat Thani is near the mouth of the river Tapi on the Gulf of Thailand. The city offers no major tourist attractions in itself, and is thus mainly known to tourists as a transfer to the nearby popular Ko Samui and Ko Phangan islands. It forms the regional commercial center, with a seaport dealing in the main products of the province, rubber and coconuts.

History[edit]

The city received its name, which means City of Good People, by King Vajiravudh (Rama VI) in 1915. The name was given to the city due to the intense devotion of the locals to Buddhism. Previously the city was known as Bandon, meaning Village on higher ground. The name of the city is taken from the Indian city Surat, situated in Gujarat, on the coast of Indian river Tapi. King Vajiravudh (Rama VI) gave this name to his city as he was impressed with the Indian city.

On December 21, 1930 Surat Thani became a sanitary district (sukhaphiban),[1] which was upgraded to a town (thesaban mueang) on December 7, 1935, with a municipal area of 2.67 km².[2] The area of the municipality was enlarged to 6.95 km² on October 14, 1958,[3] and on December 22, 1994 it was further enlarged to 68.97 km².[4] On May 4, 2007, the town was upgraded to city status (thesaban nakhon).[5]

Since 1969 Surat Thani is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Surat Thani, responsible for about 6000 Catholic Christians in southern Thailand.

Climate[edit]

Surat Thani has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Temperatures are fairly stable until throughout the year, although the pre-monsoon months (March–May) are somewhat hotter. There is a short dry season from January to April, followed by the wet season that lasts from May to December. The heaviest rains occur in October and November.

Climate data for Surat Thani (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31.1
(88)
32.6
(90.7)
34.2
(93.6)
35.0
(95)
34.0
(93.2)
33.4
(92.1)
32.9
(91.2)
32.7
(90.9)
32.4
(90.3)
31.6
(88.9)
30.3
(86.5)
29.9
(85.8)
32.51
(90.52)
Average low °C (°F) 21.1
(70)
21.1
(70)
21.9
(71.4)
23.4
(74.1)
23.8
(74.8)
23.7
(74.7)
23.3
(73.9)
23.4
(74.1)
23.2
(73.8)
23.1
(73.6)
22.9
(73.2)
22.0
(71.6)
22.74
(72.93)
Rainfall mm (inches) 36.8
(1.449)
12.3
(0.484)
24.0
(0.945)
73.4
(2.89)
178.0
(7.008)
125.0
(4.921)
148.8
(5.858)
139.6
(5.496)
188.4
(7.417)
236.4
(9.307)
329.9
(12.988)
129.4
(5.094)
1,622
(63.857)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 6 2 3 7 18 17 17 18 19 20 19 13 159
 % humidity 81 77 75 77 82 81 82 82 84 87 87 84 81.6
Source: Thai Meteorological Department (Normal 1981-2010), (Avg. rainy days 1961-1990)

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Surat Thani is connected with Bangkok by the Southern Line of the State Railway of Thailand. Surat Thani Railway Station is the main station of the province, located in Phunphin, about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from the actual city itself.

Road[edit]

Surat Thani is connected to Nakhon Si Thammarat by Route 401. Asian highway AH2 also passes the city at Phunphin.

Air[edit]

Surat Thani International Airport is about 30 kilometres (19 mi) from the city by road.[6]

Water[edit]

Some ferries to Ko Samui are provided in the downtown, the main ferry pier is located at Don Sak, 40 kilometres (25 mi) east (about 60 kilometres (37 mi) by road) on the coast of Gulf of Thailand.

Administration[edit]

Surat Thani covers the tambon Talad and Bang Kung, and parts of the tambon Khlong Chanak, Bang Chana, Bang Baimai and Makham Tia, all part of the Mueang Surat Thani district. The city is subdivided into 45 communities (chumchon).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "พระบรมราชโองการ ประกาศ ใช้พระราชบัญญัติจัดการสุขาภิบาล จังหวัดสุราษฎร์ธานี มณฑลนครศรีธรรมราช" (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai) 47 (ก): 271–273. December 21, 1930. 
  2. ^ "พระราชกฤษฎีกาจัดตั้งเทศบาลเมืองสุราษฎร์ธานี จังหวัดสุราษฎร์ธานี พุทธศักราช ๒๔๗๘" (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai) 51 (ก): 1758–1762. December 10, 1935. 
  3. ^ "พระราชกฤษฎีกาเปลี่ยนแปลงเขตเทศบาลเมืองสุราษฎร์ธานี จังหวัดสุราษฎร์ธานี พ.ศ. ๒๕๐๑" (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai) 75 (79 ก): 555–558. October 14, 1958. 
  4. ^ "พระราชกฤษฎีกาเปลี่ยนแปลงเขตเทศบาลเมืองสุราษฎร์ธานี จังหวัดสุราษฎร์ธานี (ฉบับที่ ๒) พ.ศ. ๒๕๓๗" (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai) 111 (59 ก): 29–32. December 21, 1994. 
  5. ^ "ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง เปลี่ยนแปลงฐานะเทศบาลเมืองสุราษฎร์ธานี อำเภอเมืองสุราษฎร์ธานี จังหวัดสุราษฎร์ธานี เป็นเทศบาลนครสุราษฎร์ธานี" (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai) 124 (Special 67 ง): 15. June 4, 2007. 
  6. ^ "Surat Thani Airport". OurAirports. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 9°8′23″N 99°19′50″E / 9.13972°N 99.33056°E / 9.13972; 99.33056