South Hampshire

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For the former parliamentary constituency, see South Hampshire (UK Parliament constituency).
Not to be confused with South Hams.

South Hampshire is a term used mainly to refer to the metropolitan area formed by the cities of Portsmouth and Southampton and their suburbs and commuter towns, in southern Hampshire, England. The area had population of around 1 million based on the 2001 census, and estimated population of over 1.5 million in 2013.[1]

The area is sometimes referred to as Solent City[2] but the term is controversial.[3][4] CityPopulation.de accepts Solent City as a search term for "Southampton / Portsmouth (Agglomeration)" and lists it as having a population of 1,060,326 in the 2011 census.[5]

History[edit]

Harold Wilson's Labour government commissioned town planner Colin Buchanan in 1965 to study the region. He found a region of growing economic importance, in desperate need of proper planning to avoid unplanned sprawl, and suggested the construction of a modernist urban area between Southampton and Portsmouth.[6] However this was resisted by local authorities who occupied the proposed development sites, and Buchanan's plans were never put into effect.[1]

Instead, as a result of high-tech industry and services, the area grew in an unplanned way to become perhaps the most densely populated region of the UK.[1] More recently, factory closures have changed the area, leaving impoverished town centres and the wealth in secluded suburbs and exurbs. There was some planned building including by Hampshire County Council's architects, led by Colin Stansfield Smith, but that was dwarfed by the number of retail parks, business parks, and housing developments.[1]

Geography[edit]

The region may be subdivided into the Greater Southampton and Greater Portsmouth conurbations. Most of the area is in the Hampshire districts of Gosport, Fareham, Havant, Eastleigh, Portsmouth and Southampton. All of these districts have high population densities, with Portsmouth and Southampton being the most densely populated districts in England outside Greater London.[7] Other parts of the area are in the Test Valley, East Hampshire, City of Winchester and New Forest districts all of which have comparatively lower population densities. Small parts of the area are also in the West Sussex district of Chichester.

Climate[edit]

The climate is temperate oceanic, Cfb in the Köppen climate classification.

Climate data for Southampton, elevation 3 m, 1981–2010
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8.4
(47.1)
8.6
(47.5)
11.1
(52)
14.0
(57.2)
17.5
(63.5)
20.2
(68.4)
22.4
(72.3)
22.3
(72.1)
19.8
(67.6)
15.6
(60.1)
11.7
(53.1)
8.9
(48)
15.1
(59.2)
Average low °C (°F) 2.9
(37.2)
2.6
(36.7)
4.1
(39.4)
5.7
(42.3)
9.0
(48.2)
11.7
(53.1)
13.7
(56.7)
13.7
(56.7)
11.4
(52.5)
8.9
(48)
5.4
(41.7)
3.2
(37.8)
7.7
(45.9)
Rainfall mm (inches) 81.4
(3.205)
58.3
(2.295)
60.0
(2.362)
50.7
(1.996)
49.0
(1.929)
50.4
(1.984)
42.0
(1.654)
50.4
(1.984)
60.4
(2.378)
93.8
(3.693)
94.0
(3.701)
89.2
(3.512)
779.4
(30.685)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 12.2 9.2 10.1 8.8 8.2 7.7 7.4 7.7 8.7 11.5 11.5 11.8 114.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 63.3 84.4 118.3 179.8 212.1 211.2 221.8 207.7 148.1 113.0 76.6 52.9 1,689.3
Source #1: Met Office (normals)[8]
Source #2: Calculated from Met Office Data[9]
Climate data for Southsea, Portsmouth 1976-2006
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 9.6
(49.3)
8.8
(47.8)
10.6
(51.1)
13.4
(56.1)
16.8
(62.2)
19.4
(66.9)
21.8
(71.2)
21.8
(71.2)
19.3
(66.7)
15.8
(60.4)
12.0
(53.6)
10.0
(50)
14.94
(58.88)
Average low °C (°F) 5.1
(41.2)
4.3
(39.7)
5.4
(41.7)
6.4
(43.5)
9.6
(49.3)
12.3
(54.1)
15.0
(59)
15.0
(59)
12.8
(55)
10.9
(51.6)
7.5
(45.5)
5.9
(42.6)
9.18
(48.52)
Precipitation mm (inches) 65
(2.56)
50
(1.97)
52
(2.05)
42
(1.65)
28
(1.1)
40
(1.57)
32
(1.26)
43
(1.69)
62
(2.44)
81
(3.19)
72
(2.83)
80
(3.15)
647
(25.46)
Avg. rainy days 11.2 9.5 8.3 7.6 6.5 7.4 5.4 6.6 8.5 10.9 10.3 11.2 103.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 67.9 89.6 132.7 200.5 240.8 247.6 261.8 240.7 172.9 121.8 82.3 60.5 1,919.1
Percent possible sunshine 26 31 36 49 51 51 54 54 46 37 31 25 40.9
Source: Met Office[10]
Climate data for a Rough climate of Havant
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17
(63)
16
(61)
21
(70)
25
(77)
32
(90)
36
(97)
35
(95)
37
(99)
34
(93)
27
(81)
18
(64)
16
(61)
37
(99)
Average high °C (°F) 8
(46)
8
(46)
11
(52)
13
(55)
17
(63)
20
(68)
23
(73)
24
(75)
19
(66)
16
(61)
11
(52)
9
(48)
14.9
(58.8)
Average low °C (°F) 2
(36)
1
(34)
3
(37)
5
(41)
8
(46)
11
(52)
13
(55)
14
(57)
12
(54)
8
(46)
5
(41)
3
(37)
7.1
(44.7)
Record low °C (°F) −10
(14)
−9
(16)
−8
(18)
−4
(25)
−1
(30)
2
(36)
5
(41)
6
(43)
0
(32)
−4
(25)
−6
(21)
−8
(18)
−10
(14)
Precipitation mm (inches) 85
(3.35)
60
(2.36)
62
(2.44)
54
(2.13)
50
(1.97)
50
(1.97)
42
(1.65)
57
(2.24)
74
(2.91)
90
(3.54)
85
(3.35)
90
(3.54)
799
(31.45)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 65 85 130 200 230 235 255 230 170 125 90 60 1,875
Source: Met Office[10]
Climate data for Solent MRSC, (1981–2010 averages).
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8.2
(46.8)
8.2
(46.8)
10.5
(50.9)
13.2
(55.8)
16.7
(62.1)
19.2
(66.6)
21.4
(70.5)
21.4
(70.5)
19.0
(66.2)
15.5
(59.9)
11.5
(52.7)
8.7
(47.7)
14.5
(58.1)
Average low °C (°F) 3.4
(38.1)
2.8
(37)
4.5
(40.1)
6.1
(43)
9.2
(48.6)
12.1
(53.8)
14.2
(57.6)
14.3
(57.7)
12.2
(54)
9.6
(49.3)
6.2
(43.2)
3.8
(38.8)
8.2
(46.8)
Rainfall mm (inches) 68.8
(2.709)
49.3
(1.941)
51.6
(2.031)
42.4
(1.669)
43.4
(1.709)
42.0
(1.654)
44.5
(1.752)
50.0
(1.969)
53.7
(2.114)
86.2
(3.394)
83.2
(3.276)
83.9
(3.303)
699
(27.521)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 11.6 9.6 8.3 8.3 7.1 6.9 7.0 7.3 8.7 10.5 11.2 12.2 108.6
Source: Met Office Solent MRSC, Thorney Island

Built-up areas within the metropolitan area[edit]

The following Built-up areas fall inside the South Hampshire metropolitan area have a combined population of 1,086,786.

South Hampshire built-up area[edit]

In the 2001 census Portsmouth and Southampton were recorded as being parts of separate urban areas however by the time of the 2011 census they had merged to become the sixth largest built-up area in England with a population of 855,569.[11] The new built-up area also merged with smaller urban areas called Locks Heath, Bursledon, Whiteley and Hedge End/Botley in the 2001 census.

Urban subdivision[12] Population

(2001 census)[12]

Population

(2011 census)[11]

District
Portsmouth 187,056 238,137 City of Portsmouth
Gosport 69,348 71,529 Borough of Gosport
Fareham 56,160 42,210 Borough of Fareham
Havant 45,435 45,125 Borough of Havant
Lee-on-the-Solent 7,067 Borough of Gosport
Stubbington 13,628 Borough of Fareham
Waterlooville 63,558 64,350 Borough of Havant
Total Portsmouth urban area population 442,252 461,351
Southampton 234,224 253,651 City of Southampton
Eastleigh 52,894 78,716 Borough of Eastleigh
Bishopstoke 17,282 19,745 Borough of Eastleigh
Hedge End 25,117 Borough of Eastleigh
Total Southampton urban area population 304,400 377,229
Locks Heath 36,452 43,359 Borough of Fareham
Bursledon 6,744 6,955 Borough of Eastleigh
Whiteley 2,195 Borough of Fareham/City of Winchester
Total Locks Heath/Bursledon/Whiteley population 45,391
Hedge End 21,174 25,117 Borough of Eastleigh
Botley 2,506 Borough of Eastleigh
Total Hedge End/Botley population 23,680
Horndean 46,924 East Hampshire/Borough of Havant
Total South Hampshire built-up area population 855,569

Notes:

  • Portchester is included under the Portsmouth subdivision in the 2011 census whilst in the 2001 census it was part of the Fareham subdivision.
  • Whiteley is included under the Locks Heath subdivision in the 2011 census.
  • Stubbington and Lee-on-the-Solent formed a separate urban area according to the 2011 census.
  • Bishopstoke and Horton Heath were included as part of the Eastleigh subdivision in the 2011 census.
  • Botley was included as part of the Hedge End subdivision in the 2011 census.
  • The Waterlooville subdivision was split between the Portsmouth subdivision and the Horndean subdivision for the 2011 census.

Other built-up areas[edit]

There are three other significant urban areas[13] in the area:[14]

Urban subdivision[12] Population

(2001 census)[12]

Population

(2011 census)[11]

District
Ashurst/Netley Marsh 3,116 3,212 New Forest District
Totton 27,986 28,676 New Forest District
Bartley 2,281 New Forest District
Total Totton built-up area population 31,102 34,169
Winchester built-up area 41,420 46,074 City of Winchester
Stubbington built-up area 24,644 Borough of Fareham/Borough of Gosport
Hythe built-up area 19,599 20,201 New Forest District

There are fourteen smaller urban areas also in the region:[14]

Urban area[12] Population

(2001 census)[12][15]

Population

(2011 census)[11]

District
Colden Common 3,249 3,419 City of Winchester
Compton/Otterbourne 2,261 2,569 City of Winchester
Denmead 5,788 6,107 City of Winchester
Emsworth/Southbourne 18,139 18,777 Borough of Havant/Chichester District
Fawley/Blackfield 13,775 13,712 New Forest District
Hamble 3,853 4,696 Borough of Eastleigh
Hayling Island 14,842 15,485 Borough of Havant
Horton Heath 2,223 Borough of Eastleigh
Kings Worthy 4,292 4,901 City of Winchester
Marchwood 5,586 6,141 New Forest District
Netley 6,150 6,338 Borough of Eastleigh
North Baddesley 6,234 6,823 Test Valley
Romsey 17,386 17,161 Test Valley

Notes:

  • Horton Heath forms part of the South Hampshire built-up area in the 2011 census rather than being a separate area.
  • In the 2011 census the Fawley urban area was renamed the Blackfield built-up area.
  • In the 2011 census the Kings Worthy urban area was renamed the Springvale built-up area.
  • In the 2011 census the Hayling Island urban area was renamed the South Hayling built-up area.

Other towns in the area[edit]

Slightly further out there are many satellite towns that are not directly attached to Southampton or Portsmouth, or necessarily in their Travel to work areas,[16] but are nonetheless still heavily reliant on the two cities for employment and services.

Places within the wider Portsmouth-Southampton Metropolitan area include:

Settlement County
Andover[17] Hampshire
Bishop's Waltham [14][18] Hampshire
Bognor Regis[17] Sussex
Brockenhurst Hampshire
Chichester Sussex
Lyndhurst Hampshire
Newport Isle of Wight
Ryde Isle of Wight
Salisbury[17] Wiltshire

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Hatherley, Owen (27 February 2013). "How Labour got lost in Eastleigh's unplanned sprawl". The Guardian. 
  2. ^ Viccars, Andy (4 August 2003). "Transport Position Statement by Southampton and Fareham Chamber of Commerce and Industry". Fareham Borough Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014. 
  3. ^ "MP blasts report as a revival of Solent City". Southern Daily Echo. 8 November 1999. Retrieved 1 August 2014. 
  4. ^ Fishwick, Ben (11 April 2014). "Residents rally as they fight plan to build 1,550 homes". The News (Portsmouth). He said: I do not want to live in "Solent City". I'd rather live in Fareham. I think we should keep the strategic gap. 
  5. ^ "Southampton / Portsmouth (Agglomeration)". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  6. ^ Phelps, Nicholas (2012). An Anatomy of Sprawl: Planning and Politics in Britain. Routledge. The term Solent City is nowhere to be found in the South Hampshire Study and instead emerged as shorthand for the sheer horror felt by inhabitants and their political representatives over the emergence of a single functional urban region 
  7. ^ "Table 8a Mid-2011 Population Estimates: Selected age groups for local authorities in England and Wales; estimated resident population;". Population Estimates for England and Wales, Mid 2011 (Census Based). Office for National Statistics. 25 September 2012. Retrieved 22 November 2012. 
  8. ^ "Southampton W.C Climate Period: 1981-2010". Met Office. Retrieved February 5, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Long Term weather data". Met Office. May 2011. Retrieved 20 March 2011. 
  10. ^ a b "Regional mapped climate averages". Met Office. November 2008. Retrieved 8 March 2011. 
  11. ^ a b c d "2011 Census - Built-up areas". ONS. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f ONS (2004). Census 2001: Key Statistics for urban areas in England and Wales. HMSO. ISBN 0 11 621743 X. 
  13. ^ ONS (2004). Map showing urban areas. HMSO. 
  14. ^ a b c Portsmouth-Southampton: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population Shows what is considered part of this metropolitan area
  15. ^ Table KS01 Usual resident population
  16. ^ "Travel to Work Areas". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 August 2014.  - see map on website
  17. ^ a b c "British urban pattern: population data" (pdf). ESPON project 1.4.3 Study on Urban Functions. European Spatial Planning Observation Network. March 2007. p. 119. Retrieved 2010-02-22. 
  18. ^ "South Hampshire Sub-region map" (pdf). Retrieved 2012-05-09. 

Coordinates: 50°52′N 1°16′W / 50.867°N 1.267°W / 50.867; -1.267