Fareham Shopping Centre in December 2006
Fareham shown within Hampshire
|Population||97,504 (2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||PO14 - PO16|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
Fareham // is a market town at the north-west tip of Portsmouth Harbour, between the cities of Portsmouth and Southampton in the south east of Hampshire, England. It gives its name to the borough which comprises the town and its surrounding area. Fareham was historically an important manufacturer of bricks (which were notably used to build the Royal Albert Hall, London) and a grower of strawberries. Current employment includes retail (including a shopping centre with around 100 shops), small-scale manufacturing, and defence (with the Royal Navy's HMS Collingwood and the Ministry of Defence's Dstl nearby).
Archaeological excavations around the old High street area and the church of St Peter & Paul on high ground over the Wallington Estuary, have yielded evidence of settlement on the site contemporary with the Roman occupation. However, no extensive programme of investigation has been possible due to the historic nature of the buildings in this area.
The town has a recognised and documented history dating back to the Norman era, when a part of William's army marched up from Fareham Creek before continuing to the Saxon capital of England, Winchester. Originally known by the name of Ferneham (hence the name of the town's entertainment venue, Ferneham Hall), Fareham's location was determined by the ford of Fareham Creek at the top of Portsmouth Harbour. The ford was also the location of the Bishop of Winchester's mills; the foundations of these mills were subsumed in the A27 near the railway viaduct. Commercial activity continued at the port until the 1970s, and continues to this day on a smaller scale. By the beginning of the 20th century, Fareham had developed into a major market town.
In the 1960s, Fareham experienced a huge amount of development, as it was one of the areas highlighted for major expansion in the South Hampshire Plan. The idea was to create many thousands of homes to serve as a base for the many people who were looking to move away from the traditional urban centres of Portsmouth and Southampton. It was during this era that the large housing areas of Hill Park, Miller Drive, and much of Portchester grew until eventually one could drive through a continuous urban conurbation from Portsmouth City Centre to Southampton. By this time Fareham had expanded to almost encompass the surrounding villages of Funtley, Titchfield, Catisfield and Portchester.
In the late 1990s, a settlement called Whiteley, straddling the boundaries of Fareham Borough and the City of Winchester, was developed to the north of Junction 9 of the M27 motorway. The new development is predominantly residential, however it also features the extensive Solent Business Park.
An urban renewal initiative began in 1999, renovating the town centre and historic buildings to include a new entertainment and shopping complex. It featured a major iron sculpture park. The park was installed in 2001 to celebrate the work of influential Lancastrian iron pioneer, Henry Cort, who lived in neighbouring Gosport but who had an iron rolling mill in Funtley (or Fontley), on the outskirts of Fareham. There is also a school named after Henry Cort, the Henry Cort Community College.
Sport and leisure
Fareham is well served by the major road and rail networks. The M27 motorway passes around the northern edge of Fareham, and is the main traffic artery into and out of the area. It provides easy access to both Portsmouth and Southampton, and from there to London via the M3 and A3(M).
The A27 was the original route along the south coast before the building of the M27, and runs from Brighton to Southampton, passing through the centre of Fareham. The A32 passes through Fareham at the Quay Street roundabout, known locally as a notorious bottleneck, on its way from Gosport to Wickham, and then through the picturesque Meon Valley to Alton.
Bus transport in the town is provided by First Hampshire & Dorset, which runs nearly all bus routes in the area. Services run as far as Winchester. The main bus station is adjacent to the Market Quay development, and replaced an older station that was demolished in the late 1980s.
Places of interest
- Portchester Castle
- Titchfield Abbey & The Tithe Barn
- Westbury Manor Museum
- Fort Fareham
- Bursledon Brickworks - The last surviving example of a Victorian steam powered brickworks in the country
- Titchfield Canal - Britain's second-oldest man-made waterway
- Fareham High Street - Historic Georgian buildings
Welborne is a proposed new development to the north of Fareham, intended to include 6,000 houses along with businesses and community facilities.
 A public consultation is due in Spring 2014, with a final plan scheduled for 2015 which (if approved) would see construction in phases between 2016 and 2041. Transport plans as part of the proposal include an upgrade to Junction 10 of the M27 Motorway, and a Bus Rapid Transit route.
The Campaign to Protect Rural England Hampshire (supported by a number of community organisations under the name "South Hampshire's Unheard Voices") have opposed the plans due to concerns about building on countryside, possible increased risk of flooding, and the impact on local infrastructure. They have also criticised the planning and consultation process. In 2011, a petition with 1,400 signatures objecting to a new town in Fareham was submitted to the Council. 
- William Randal Cremer, born in Fareham
- Robert Goddard, author
- Sir John Goss, composer (and organist at St Paul's Cathedral for 34 years)
- Adam Smith, Entrepreneur, public speaker and mentor.
- Betty Warren, actress born in Fareham 1905
- Tom Oliver, actor, most famous for playing "Lou Carpenter" in the Australian soap opera Neighbours, grew up in Fareham.
-  Sept 2001 Portsmouth News article concerning the Norman Invasion, as reported by the Fareham Meon Rotary Club - "....and Fareham Creek was the landing site for 1,000 men whose mission it was to capture the ancient Saxon capital of Winchester."
- http://www.fareham.gov.uk/town/activities/fernehamhall/ fareham.gov.uk
- Council website
- Fareham Council's Draft Welborne Plan
- Fareham Council Planning Update
- CPRE Hampshire opposes Fareham development
- Petition handed in against new eco-town
- "British towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 2013-07-12.
- Nobel Prize: William Randal Cremer
- Lamb, Rachel (2001-02-01). "From Fareham to Ramsay Street". Hampshire, United Kingdom: thisishampshire.net. Archived from the original on 2007-10-11. Retrieved 2010-07-19. "Actor Tom Oliver is known to millions of viewers as wheeler-dealer Lou Carpenter in Aussie soap, Neighbours. Although the 62-year-old actor has made his name in a show produced in the Antipodes, he was born in London and grew up in Fareham, Hampshire."
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Fareham.|