Spaxton

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Spaxton
St. Margaret's church, Spaxton - geograph.org.uk - 145156.jpg
St. Margaret's church
Court Farm, Spaxton - geograph.org.uk - 145152.jpg
Court Farm
Spaxton is located in Somerset
Spaxton
Spaxton
 Spaxton shown within Somerset
Population 1,012 [1]
OS grid reference ST225375
District Sedgemoor
Shire county Somerset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BRIDGWATER
Postcode district TA5
Dialling code 01278
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Bridgwater and West Somerset
List of places
UK
England
Somerset

Coordinates: 51°07′55″N 3°06′32″W / 51.132°N 3.109°W / 51.132; -3.109

Spaxton is a small village and civil parish on the Quantocks in the Sedgemoor district of Somerset, South West England.

History[edit]

Spaxton was part of the hundred of Cannington.[2]

The parish includes the village of Aisholt which is one of the Thankful Villages - those villages that suffered no fatalities during the Great War of 1914-1918, and contains the 14th century Church of All Saints.[3] Also in the parish is the village of Charlynch (or Charlinch) where, around 1850 Henry James Prince the founder of the Agapemonites was ordained to the curacy of Charlinch, where he had sole charge in the illness and absence of the rector, the Rev. Samuel Starkey. The Church of St Mary was an Anglican Parish Church, but has now been deconsecrated. It dates from the 11th century with a tower probably of 1867. It has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building.[4] It contains monuments and tablets to the family of Admiral Robert Blake.

The name of Spaxton originates from "Spakr", a Dane who settled in the area in about the 9th century.[5] An alternative derivation relies on it being recorded as Spacheston in the Domesday Book, meaning 'The councillor's enclosure', from the Old English spæcas and tun. It was the property of Alfred of Spain.[6]

During the 19th century, the village was home to the notorious religious cult of the Agapemone.[7]

Governance[edit]

The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also the responsibility of the council.

The village falls within the Non-metropolitan district of Sedgemoor, which was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, having previously been part of Bridgwater Rural District,[8] which is responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection and recycling, cemeteries and crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism.

Somerset County Council is responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, policing and fire services, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning.

It is also part of the Bridgwater and West Somerset county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election, and part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Geography[edit]

Near the village is Hawkridge Reservoir which supplies water for Bridgwater, constructed between 1960 and 1962,[9] and the Ashford Reservoir which was constructed in 1932.

Landmarks[edit]

Gothelney Manor Farmhouse at Gothelney Green was built in the 15th century and has been designated as a Grade I listed building.[10] To the south is Barford Park.

Religious sites[edit]

The Church of St Margaret has some parts from the 12th and 13th centuries but is predominantly from the 15th century, and was restored in 1895. It has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building.[11]

The Church Of All Saints, Aisholt dates from the 14th and 15th centuries.[12][13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistics for Wards, LSOAs and Parishes — SUMMARY Profiles" (Excel). Somerset Intelligence. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "Cannington Hundred". British History Online. Retrieved 23 September 2011. 
  3. ^ "Church of All Saints, Aisholt". Images of England. Retrieved 20 November 2008. 
  4. ^ "Church of St. Mary". Images of England. Retrieved 31 January 2008. 
  5. ^ "Spaxton". Quantock Online. Retrieved 31 October 2007. 
  6. ^ Robinson, Stephen (1992). Somerset Place Names. Wimborne, Dorset: Dovecote Press. ISBN 1-874336-03-2. 
  7. ^ "Spaxton". Quantock Online. Retrieved 4 December 2007. 
  8. ^ "Brdigwater RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  9. ^ Waite, Vincent (1964). Portrait of the Quantocks. London: Robert Hale. ISBN 0-7091-1158-4. 
  10. ^ "Gothelney Manor Farmhouse". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 14 May 2009. 
  11. ^ "Church of St Margaret". Images of England. Retrieved 30 October 2007. 
  12. ^ R W Dunning, C R Elrington (Editors), A P Baggs, M C Siraut (1992). "Aisholt: Church". A History of the County of Somerset: Volume 6: Andersfield, Cannington, and North Petherton Hundreds (Bridgwater and neighbouring parishes). Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  13. ^ English Heritage, "Church of All Saints, Aisholt (1178112)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 18 July 2013 

External links[edit]