Speaker of the Dewan Rakyat
|Speaker of the Dewan Rakyat
Yang di-Pertua Dewan Rakyat
|House of Representatives|
|Style||Tuan Speaker (informal and within the House)
Yang Berhormat Tuan Yang di-Pertua (The Honourable) (formal)
|Member of||Lower House of Representatives (if non-member of House elected be an additional to the members elected), Committee of Selection, Standing Orders Committee, House Committee, Committee of Privileges|
|Reports to||House of Representatives|
|Appointer||Lower House of Representatives (elected by)|
|Term length||start of each Parliament session, upon a vacancy|
|Constituting instrument||Federal Constitution of Malaysia|
|Inaugural holder||Mohamad Noah Omar|
|Formation||1 September 1959|
|Salary||MYR 21,415.79 monthly|
|Website||Parliament of Malaysia|
The Speaker of the Dewan Rakyat (Malay: Yang di-Pertua Dewan Rakyat) is the presiding officer of the Dewan Rakyat, the lower house of the Parliament of Malaysia. He is responsible for convening sessions of the Dewan Rakyat, organising debates, and examining the admissibility of petitions, bills and amendments.
In the absence of the Speaker, one of his deputies will take his place. As of 2008, the Speaker of the Dewan Rakyat is Pandikar Amin Mulia, and his deputies are Wan Junaidi Tuanku Jaafar and Ronald Kiandee. All of them are from the ruling Barisan Nasional coalition.
The Speaker determines when a sitting of the House should open and close, and may suspend the sitting for a brief period of time if necessary. He is also in charge of ensuring the Constitution and Standing Orders of the House are given due respect, disciplining members of the House, determining who shall have the floor during a sitting, calling a vote, and checking for a quorum when the House meets. He only participates in a vote when there is a tie. The Speaker also has powers some allege to be excessive, such as imposing limits on the posing of supplementary questions during Question Time — an important procedure for the legislature to examine the government's actions, the power to restrict the tabling of questions for Question Time, and the power to amend written copies of speeches made by members of the House before they are given verbally.
The Speaker is elected to a term that lasts for the length of the term of the Dewan Rakyat that elected him. His term ends when the House is dissolved and a general election is called. He is elected when the House meets for the first time after a general election by the members of the House, who are called MPs. Any MP is qualified to be the Speaker of the House, but non-MPs who meet the same qualifications required to be an MP are also eligible for election as Speaker. A candidate for Speaker must be nominated and seconded by at least two MPs other than himself. This nomination process must be conducted at least 14 days before the election of the Speaker. If only one candidate meets these conditions, he is automatically elected Speaker; otherwise, voting by secret ballot is conducted, with the winner decided by a simple majority. Two deputy Speakers are elected in a similar manner.
The Clerk (Setiausaha) of the House presides over the voting.
List of Speakers of the Dewan Rakyat
|1||Mohamad Noah Omar||September 1, 1959||February 29, 1964||Alliance (UMNO)|
|2||Syed Esa Alwee||May 18, 1964||November 24, 1964||Alliance (UMNO)|
|3||Chik Mohamed Yusuf Sheikh Abdul Rahman||November 25, 1964||March 1, 1974||Alliance/Barisan Nasional (UMNO)|
|4||Nik Ahmad Kamil Nik Mahmood||November 11, 1974||December 20, 1977||Barisan Nasional (UMNO)|
|5||Syed Nasir Ismail||January 9, 1978||March 16, 1982||Barisan Nasional (UMNO)|
|6||Mohamed Zahir Ismail||June 14, 1982||October 14, 2004||Barisan Nasional (UMNO)|
|7||Ramli Ngah Talib||November 22, 2004||February 13, 2008||Barisan Nasional (UMNO)|
|8||Pandikar Amin Mulia||April 28, 2008||Incumbent||Barisan Nasional (UMNO)|
Deputy Speakers of the Dewan Rakyat
The Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives) shall be from time to time elect two deputy speakers from among members of the House. During any vacancy in the office of Speaker or during any absence of the Speaker from any sitting, one of the Deputy Speakers or, if both the Deputy Speakers are absent or if both their offices are vacant, such other member as may be determined by the rules of procedure of the House, shall act as Speaker.
List of Deputy Speakers of Dewan Rakyat:
- Syed Esa bin Alwee (November 25, 1964 – March 19, 1969)
- Nik Ahmad Kamil Nik Mahmud (March 9, 1971 – July 13, 1974)
- Syed Nasir Ismail (November 6, 1974 – January 8, 1978)
- Azahari Md Taib (March 21, 1978 – June 11, 1978)
- Mansor Othman (October 23, 1978 – March 28, 1982)
- Hee Tien Lai (June 14, 1982 – July 26, 1983)
- Abdul Hamid Pawanteh (July 27, 1983 – July 18, 1986)
- D.P. Vijandran (October 8, 1986 – February 23, 1990)
- Mohamed Amin Haji Daud (October 8, 1986 – June 11, 1990)
- Ong Tee Keat (June 11, 1990 – November 10, 1999)
- Juhar Mahiruddin (December 5, 1990 – November 10, 1999)
- Muhammad Abdullah (December 20, 1999 – March 4, 2004)
- Lim Si Cheng (December 20, 1999 – February 13, 2008)
- Yusof Yacob (May 17, 2004 – February 13, 2008)
- Wan Junaidi Tuanku Jaafar (April 28, 2008 – present)
- Ronald Kiandee (April 28, 2008 – present)