Speen, Berkshire

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Coordinates: 51°24′18″N 1°20′49″W / 51.405°N 1.347°W / 51.405; -1.347

Speen
Church, Speen - geograph.org.uk - 50314.jpg
St Mary the Virgin parish church
Speen is located in Berkshire
Speen
Speen
 Speen shown within Berkshire
Population 2,634 [1]
OS grid reference SU4668
Civil parish Speen
Unitary authority West Berkshire
Ceremonial county Berkshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Newbury
Postcode district RG14
Dialling code 01635
Police Thames Valley
Fire Royal Berkshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Newbury
List of places
UK
England
Berkshire

Speen is a village and civil parish[2] in the district of West Berkshire and county of RoyalBerkshire, England. Located 2 miles (3 km) north west of Newbury, the parish takes in the hamlets of Stockcross, Berkshire, Bagnor, Berkshire. and Marsh Benham, Berkshire as well as the village of Speen itself.


It sits on the Ermin Street/Ermin Way, the main Corinium Dobunnorum/Cirencester to Calleva Atrebatum/Silchester Roman road. The English Civil War Second Battle of Newbury was fought at Speen on 27 October 1644. Speenhamland in the parish, now part of Newbury, was the eponymous home of the Speenhamland system of outdoor relief.[3]

Notable buildings[edit]

Parish church[edit]

The Church of England parish church of Saint Mary the Virgin is late Saxon and is the oldest church in Berkshire.[4] This is the bural place of Giovanni Battista Castiglione (1515-1597), Queen Elizabeth I's Italian tutor and servant, who was given nearby Benham Valence house and park in 1570.

The Ladywell[edit]

The church was built near one of the forgotten holy wells of Britain, which still flows with water. Tenuous local tradition says the waters are able to cure eye diseases and other ills, and there have been reports it is haunted. The Ladywell was fenced off in the Victorian era.[5]

Speen House[edit]

Next to the church and Ladywell are the ramparts around Speen House, the manor house which is mostly late 18th century, but thought to date from the 17th century.[citation needed] There is evidence[citation needed] that the ramparts are associated with the Roman village of Spinae, but it is more likely that they are associated with a later medieval manor house.

Transport[edit]

Bus services include:

Speen railway station served the parish until it was closed in 1960. The nearest railway station now is Newbury.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Speen CP (Parish): Headcount". Census 2001, Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  2. ^ "Speen". Speenpc.org.uk. Retrieved 2013-02-21. 
  3. ^ Page, William; Ditchfield, P.H., eds. (1924). "Speen with Speenhamland, Bagnor and Benham". A History of the County of Berkshire. Victoria County History 4. pp. 97–110. 
  4. ^ "St Mary's Church, Speen, Newbury". St-mary-speen.org. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  5. ^ http://people.bath.ac.uk/liskmj/living-spring/sourcearchive/ns3/ns3mb1.htm
  6. ^ Heyfordian Travel Route 4 timetable
  7. ^ Go-Ride Routes 5 & 5A timetable

External links[edit]