Newbury (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Newbury in Berkshire.
Location of Berkshire within England.
|Electorate||77,898 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Newbury, Thatcham, Hungerford|
|Member of Parliament||Richard Benyon (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
- 1 Profile
- 2 Boundaries
- 3 Historic boundaries
- 4 History
- 5 Members of Parliament
- 6 Elections
- 6.1 Elections in the 2010s
- 6.2 Elections in the 2000s
- 6.3 Elections in the 1990s
- 6.4 Elections in the 1980s
- 6.5 Elections in the 1970s
- 6.6 Elections in the 1960s
- 6.7 Elections in the 1950s
- 6.8 Elections in the 1940s
- 6.9 Elections in the 1930s
- 6.10 Elections in the 1920s
- 6.11 Elections in the 1910s
- 6.12 Elections in the 1900s
- 6.13 Elections in the 1890s
- 6.14 Elections in the 1880s
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes and references
- 9 Sources
- 10 External links
The constituency consists of most of West Berkshire and includes Newbury, Thatcham and Hungerford. To the east, the rest of West Berkshire is incorporated into the Wokingham and Reading West constituencies.[n 3]
Since its creation it has been a Liberal, Liberal Democrat or Conservative seat, sometimes seemingly marginal and sometimes seen as a safe seat, with a tendency towards being Conservative.[n 4] West Berkshire which is similar to its neighbours has a rather thriving economy with the headquarters of the communications company Vodafone that has created a cluster of around 80 mobile phone related businesses in Newbury, while the Lambourn area is the second most important centre for the racehorse industry in Great Britain, employing over 800 people directly, and producing an annual income of £20 million.
West Berkshire is also home to Atomic Weapons Establishment, near Aldermaston, Wolseley plc, Bayer and Pepsico. Around 65% of people live and work in West Berkshire, with the vast majority of jobs in Newbury. and high proportions of detached and semi-detached housing, and lower than average dependency on social housing. The seat includes the former family home of Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, wife of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge in Bucklebury.
- Neighbouring constituencies
As West Berkshire is a unitary authority and not a county, as is the rest of Berkshire, the Boundary Commission treats Berkshire as a whole, they are not constrained by the borders of a unitary authority.
Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which slightly altered this constituency for General Election 2010 since which it has electoral wards: Aldermaston; Basildon; Bucklebury; Chieveley, Clay Hill, Cold Ash, Compton, Downlands, Falkland, Greenham, Hungerford, Kintbury, Lambourn Valley, Northcroft, St Johns, Speen, Thatcham Central, Thatcham North, Thatcham South and Crookham, Thatcham West and Victoria.
1918-1945: "The rural districts of Hungerford and Newbury, the part of the rural district of Bradfield which is not included in the Abingdon Division, the part of the rural district of Wokingham which is not included in the Windsor Division, and the municipal boroughs of Newbury and Wokingham."
Originally, Newbury was part of a larger constituency of Berkshire, which returned two Members of Parliament (MPs), increased to three in the Reform Act of 1832. In the Redistribution of Seats Act of 1885 Berkshire was divided into three county constituencies, Northern (Abingdon), Southern (Newbury), and Eastern (Wokingham), returning one member each and one borough constituency, Reading and two members per constituency ceased, as with most of the country.
Members of Parliament
|1885||William George Mount||Conservative|
|1900||William Arthur Mount||Conservative|
|1906||Frederick Coleridge Mackarness||Liberal|
|1910||William Arthur Mount||Conservative|
|1922||Howard Clifton Brown||Conservative|
|1923||Innes Harold Stranger||Liberal|
|1924||Howard Clifton Brown||Conservative|
|Feb 1974||Michael McNair-Wilson||Conservative|
|1993 by-election||David Rendel||Liberal Democrat|
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2010: Newbury|
|Liberal Democrat||David Rendel||20,809||35.5||-7.1|
|Apolitical Democrat||David Yates||95||0.2||+0.2|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Newbury|
|Liberal Democrat||David Rendel||23,311||42.6||−5.6|
|Labour||Oscar Van Nooijen||3,239||5.9||−1.0|
|Conservative gain from Liberal Democrat||Swing|
The 2001 general election saw David Rendel returned with a smaller majority of 2,415. Turnout was above average at 67.3%.
|General Election 2001: Newbury|
|Liberal Democrat||David Rendel||24,507||48.2||−4.7|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Newbury|
|Liberal Democrat||David Rendel||29,887||52.9||+15.8|
|Referendum Party||Ted Snook||992||1.8|
|Socialist Labour||Katrina Howse||174||0.3|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing|
The Newbury by-election of 1993 was held after Judith Chaplin died. It was won by David Rendel with an impressive swing of 28.4%. However, turnout was down on the previous year at 71.3%. The by-election in Newbury was the first in a string of by-election losses for the Conservative Party. It is also famed for having a very long ballot paper.
|By-election 1993: Newbury|
|Liberal Democrat||David Rendel||37,590||65.1||+27.8|
|Anti-Federalist League||Alan Sked||601||1.0|
|Conservative Candidate||Andrew Bannon||561||1.0|
|Commoners' Party||Stephen Martin||435||0.8|
|Monster Raving Loony||Screaming Lord Sutch||432||0.7|
|Referendum Party||Robin Marlar||338||0.6|
|Conservative Rebel||John Browne||267||0.5|
|Corrective Party||Lindi St Clair||170||0.3|
|Maastricht Referendum for Britain||Bill Board||84||0.1|
|Natural Law||Michael Grenville||60||0.1|
|People & Pensioners Party||Johnathon Day||49||0.1|
|21st Century Independent Foresters||Colin Palmer||40||0.1|
|Defence of Children's Humanity Bosnia||Mladen Grbin||33||0.1|
|Social Democrat||Alan Page||33||0.1|
|Communist (PCC)||Anne Murphy||32||0.1|
|Give the royal billions to schools||Michael Stone||21||0.1|
|Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative||Swing||28.4|
In the 1992 general election the new Conservative Party candidate won the seat with an absolute majority. The turnout was 82.76%, higher than the nationwide average. Labour achieved their fifth worst result of the 1992 election in Newbury with only a 6.0% share of the vote.
|General Election 1992: Newbury|
|Liberal Democrat||David Rendel||24 778||37.3||+5.6|
|Labour||Richard J E Hall||3,962||6.0||−2.1|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Newbury|
|SDP–Liberal Alliance (Liberal)||David Rendel||18,608||31.7||−3.3|
|General Election 1983: Newbury|
|SDP–Liberal Alliance (Liberal)||Anthony Richards||18,798||35.0||−1.0|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: Newbury|
After the 1970 general election, Newbury's boundaries were altered to reduce the size of the electorate which had grown to over 85,000. After the boundary changes, the electorate numbered around 72,000 people. This came into effect for the first general election in February 1974.
|General Election October 1974: Newbury|
|General Election February 1974: Newbury|
|General Election 1970: Newbury|
Elections in the 1960s
|General Election 1966: Newbury|
|Liberal||Stanley Clement Davies||9,571||16.7||−3.5|
|General Election 1964: Newbury|
Elections in the 1950s
|General Election 1959: Newbury|
|General Election 1955: Newbury|
|General Election 1951: Newbury|
|General Election 1950: Newbury|
Elections in the 1940s
|General Election 1945: Newbury|
|Labour||Mrs I. Brook||15,754||33.7||+6.7|
|Liberal||E. D. T. Vane||6,052||13.0||N/A|
|Common Wealth||George Suggett||424||0.9||N/A|
Elections in the 1930s
|General Election 1935: Newbury|
|Conservative||Howard Clifton Brown||24,642||73.0|
Elections in the 1920s
|General Election 1929: Newbury|
|Conservative||Howard Clifton Brown||17,800||51.0||−4.9|
|Liberal||E. Harold Brooks||13,604||39.0||−0.5|
|Labour||F. M. Jacques||3,471||10.0||+5.4|
|General Election 1924: Newbury|
|Conservative||Howard Clifton Brown||14,759||55.90||+6|
|Liberal||Innes Harold Stranger||10,444||39.50||−10.6|
|Labour||F. M. Jacques||1,219||4.60||+4.60|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing|
|General Election 1923: Newbury|
|Liberal||Innes Harold Stranger||11,226||50.1||+7.5|
|Conservative||Howard Clifton Brown||11,185||49.9||−7.5|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+7.5|
|General Election 1922: Newbury|
|Conservative||Howard Clifton Brown||12,322||57.4|
|Liberal||Innes Harold Stranger||9,144||42.6|
The by-election of 10 June 1922 saw Howard Clifton Brown returned as Newbury's MP unopposed.
Elections in the 1910s
|General Election December 1910: Newbury|
|Conservative||William Arthur Mount||6,485||60.3||+0.3|
|Liberal||Captain Lisle March-Phillipps||4,278||39.7||−0.3|
|General Election January 1910: Newbury|
|Conservative||William Arthur Mount||7,081||60.0||+14.9|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing|
Elections in the 1900s
In the 1906 general election the Liberal candidate, Frederick Mackarness won with a majority of 402 votes. Nationally there was also a large swing to the Liberal party, with the Conservatives losing 246 seats in total.
|General Election 1906: Newbury
|Conservative||William Arthur Mount||4,936||48.0||−8.7|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+8.62|
Elections in the 1890s
|General Election 1895: Newbury|
|Conservative||William George Mount||4,936||56.7||+2.9|
|Liberal||Sir John Swinburne||3,776||43.3||−2.9|
|General Election 1892: Newbury|
|Conservative||William George Mount||4,588||53.8||+2.7|
Elections in the 1880s
In the first general election in the Newbury constituency William George Mount for the Conservative Party won with a small majority of 202 votes over his Liberal opponent, G. Palmer.
|General Election 1885: Newbury|
|Conservative||William George Mount||4,631||51.1|
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in Berkshire
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in the United Kingdom
Notes and references
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Burghfield, Mortimer and Sulhamstead; and, respectively Burch Copse, Calcot, Pangbourne, Purley on Thames, Theale and Westwood
- The total period served by either a Liberal or Liberal Democrat MP is 17 years, Conservative MPs have served for the remaining 110 years (to the end of 2012)
- Other lost Labour deposits took place in Eastbourne, Somerton & Frome, Cornwall North and Westmorland & Lonsdale
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- [dead link]
- 2001 Census
- 2011 census interactive maps
- 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
- General Election Results from the Electoral Commission
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Newbury UK Polling
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Newbury election history". Newbury. Retrieved 12 April 2005.
- "Parliament.uk: 1992 elections" (PDF). Highest and lowest shares of the vote by party. Retrieved 12 April 2005.
- "Newbury 1993". Candidate names. Archived from the original on 27 October 2009. Retrieved 17 April 2005.
- "Election data from 1832". Newbury constituency 1959 onwards. Retrieved 23 April 2005.
- "Boundary Commission for England". Boundary changes. Archived from the original on 12 March 2005. Retrieved 23 April 2005.
- David Boothroyd. "Smallest majorities at elections since 1918". 1923 Majority. Retrieved 3 June 2005.
- BBC: Newbury constituency (2001)
- McCalmont, Frederick Haynes, Stenton Michael, Vincent, John Russell. McCalmont's parliamentary poll book: British election results. (ISBN 0-85527-000-4)
- F. W. S. Craig. British Parliamentary Election Results 1950–1973. (ISBN 0-900178-07-8)
- F. W. S. Craig. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949. (ISBN 0-900178-01-9)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Newbury (UK Parliament constituency).|
- BBC News: Tories win Newbury from Lib Dems
- Independent story on the 2005 campaign
- West Berkshire Conservative Association
- David Rendel's Official Homepage
- Labour South East
- Map of old Berkshire Constituency