Streatley, Berkshire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Streatley
Streatley01.JPG
St. Mary's parish church
Streatley is located in Berkshire
Streatley
Streatley
 Streatley shown within Berkshire
Population 974 (2001 Census)
OS grid reference SU5980
Civil parish Streatley
Unitary authority West Berkshire
Ceremonial county Berkshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Reading
Postcode district RG8
Dialling code 01491
Police Thames Valley
Fire Royal Berkshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Newbury
Website Streatley Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
Berkshire

Coordinates: 51°31′23″N 1°09′00″W / 51.523°N 1.15°W / 51.523; -1.15

Streatley is a village and civil parish on the River Thames in Berkshire, England.

Location[edit]

Streatley is about 8 miles (13 km) from Reading and 16 miles (26 km) from Oxford. It is in the Goring Gap on the River Thames and is directly across the river from the Oxfordshire village of Goring-on-Thames. The two villages are connected by Goring and Streatley Bridge, with its adjacent lock and weir, and are often considered as a single settlement. Goring & Streatley railway station on the Great Western Main Line is in Goring and serves both villages.[A][B] The village is mostly surrounded by National Trust land: Lardon Chase, the Holies and Lough Down.

The Ridgeway long distance path passes through the village, which is the finishing line for the annual "Ridgeway 40" walk and trail run.[1]

The Thames Path, Icknield Way and the Ridgeway cross the Thames at Streatley.

Nearby towns and cities: Oxford, Reading, Wallingford

Nearby villages: Aldworth, Goring-on-Thames, Lower Basildon, Moulsford, Pangbourne

History[edit]

Being in such a vital crossing point on the Thames, Streatley has been around for a long time and was mentioned in the Domesday book. Its history is even older; Neolithic tools have been found at the base of Lough Down, and Bronze age artefacts have been found in the village. There is also a Roman milestone still present in the village, at the Bull crossroads.[2] The iron wheel pump, on the forecourt of The Bull pub, was the only reliable water source in the great freeze of 1895 and water was sold from this point for six pence a bucket. Photos of the wheel and historic images of the local area can be found on the pub's website bullstreatley.com/history Sixty people were drowned at Streatley in 1674 when a ferry capsized in the flash lock.[3]

The whole of Streatley used to be owned by the Morrell family of brewers from Oxford, whose resistance to change enabled the village to withstand the trainline and extra houses that went to Goring. However, the mill burned down in 1926, and wasn't rebuilt, and on the death of Emily Morrell in 1938 the estate was sold, and the manor house as well as other houses in the village became part of the Royal Veterinary College, which had moved out of London during the Blitz. They left in 1958.[4]

The village is mentioned in the poem "A Streatley Sonata" by J. Ashby-Sterry[5] from the late 19th century

A bomb exploded in a postman's bag on a bicycle in the village in 1979.[6] It was apparently the work of the IRA.

Government[edit]

Streatley is a civil parish with an elected parish council. Besides the riverside village of Streatley, the parish covers an area of the Berkshire Downs to the east, and includes the hamlet of Stichens Green.[7]

The parish is bordered to the north and east by the Oxfordshire parishes of Moulsford, South Stoke and Goring. To the west and south it is bordered by the Berkshire parishes of Basildon, Ashampstead and Aldworth.[7]

The parish falls within the area of the unitary authority of West Berkshire. Both the parish council and the unitary authority are responsible for different aspects of local government. The parish also forms part of the Newbury parliamentary constituency.[7]

Amenities[edit]

Public house[edit]

Streatley contains only one public house, The Bull at Streatley. The Bull's garden is the rather unusual burial site of a monk and a nun executed in 1440 for 'misconduct' and contains an ancient yew tree.[8] The pub is mentioned in Jerome K Jerome's Three Men in a Boat:

Youth hostel[edit]

Near the Bull is the youth hostel. The next nearest hostel is 19 miles (31 km) away at Oxford.

Hotel[edit]

There is a 4-star hotel and restaurant in the village – the Swan at Streatley. During the 1970s it was owned by the drag artiste Danny La Rue. The hotel was subsequently purchased by Diplomat Hotels of Sweden, before being sold in 2001 to Nike Group Hotels, part of the Bracknell-based Nike Group of Companies, whose Chairman is John Nike OBE DL. Since 2012, the hotel has been owned by Rare Bird Hotels, backed by Punch Taverns and Pizza Express entrepreneur Hugh Osmond. During the summer small electric boats can be rented from here to explore the Thames.

Leisure facilities[edit]

Goring and Streatley Golf Club is in the village, founded in 1895. It has a 6,355 yard, par 72 golf course, designed in part by Harry Colt, and has views of the Thames and Ridgeway.

Streatley Hill is a destination for cycling hill climbs – the annual Didcot Phoenix Cycle Club and Reading Cycle Club Hill Climb competitions take place every September. The hill featured in the Tour of Britain in 2008 as a designated King of the Mountains climb.

Religious venues[edit]

The Church of England parish church of Saint Mary in Streatley used to be part of the Reading Episcopal Area of the Diocese of Oxford, but has now moved to the Dorchester Episcopal Area, crossing the old Wessex-Mercia boundary for the first time in 1400 years. The village has a Church of England primary school with a feeder pre-school attached to it.

Events[edit]

The annual Goring and Streatley Regatta is held each July on the Streatley side of the river. In the 19th century it was a serious regatta to rival Henley or Marlow, but now it is a local regatta for amateur teams of inhabitants of the two villages.

A Torchlight Procession of villagers and visitors merges with another stream from Goring each Christmas Eve, in an attractive night-time spectacle which continues onto Streatley Recreation Ground where celebrations continue with an annual Carol Singing Service.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] Ridgeway 40 website
  2. ^ Golton, Edward (2002). "Roman Milestones near Streatley?". The South Oxfordshire Archaeological Group Bulletin (57). Retrieved 22 October 2009. 
  3. ^ Fred. S. Thacker The Thames Highway: Volume II Locks and Weirs 1920 – republished 1968 David & Charles
  4. ^ "Goring and Streatley amenity website". Gandsamenity.co.uk. Retrieved 5 February 2010. 
  5. ^ John Eade. "Where Thames Smooth Waters Glide". Thames.me.uk. Retrieved 5 February 2010. 
  6. ^ "Hansrd HC Deb 8 July 1994 vol 246 c330W". Hansard.millbanksystems.com. 8 July 1994. Retrieved 5 February 2010. 
  7. ^ a b c "Election Maps". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 27 February 2008. 
  8. ^ Christopher Winn: I Never Knew That about the Thames (London: Ebury Press, 2010), p. 78.

Sources and further reading[edit]

External links[edit]