Skenderaj

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Skenderaj/ Srbica
Municipality and city
Skënderaj, Србица
Skenderaj 1.jpg
Skenderaj/ Srbica is located in Kosovo
Skenderaj/ Srbica
Skenderaj/ Srbica
Location in Kosovo
Coordinates: 42°44′N 20°47′E / 42.733°N 20.783°E / 42.733; 20.783
Country Kosovo[a]
District District of Kosovska Mitrovica
Population (2011)
 • Total 51,317 (municipality)
 • Density 137.1/km2 (355/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) +381
Car plates 02
Website Municipality of Skenderaj

Skenderaj, Skënderaj or Srbica (Albanian: Skënderaj; Serbian: Србица, Srbica; Turkish: Skenderay) is a city and municipality in the Kosovska Mitrovica district of northern Kosovo.[a] It is the largest city in the Drenica region of Kosovo.[1]

History[edit]

Traditionally the area around Skenderaj showed a strong resistance to foreign invasions.[2] In the 20th century Albanian resistance began with a kachak movement leaded by Azem Bejta and his wife, Shote Galica, who fought against Bulgarian, Austro-Hungarian and Yugoslavian invaders.[3] At the ending of WW2 in 1944 leader of Brigade of Drenica Shaban Polluzha refused to lead his 12,000 men towards north and join partisan groups in order to pursue the retreating Germans, because Serbian Chetnik groups were attacking the Albanian population in Kosovo.[4]

Features[edit]

It is solely populated by Albanians (100%). It is claimed to be the poorest city in Kosovo. It is the place where the Kosovo War began in 1998, and to which the most damage was done.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic Composition, Including IDPs
Year/Population Albanians  % Serbs  % Ashkali  % Bosniaks  % Total
1991 54,437 98.6% 713 - 37 - - - 55,187
January 1999 App. 65,000 99% 690 1% - - - - App. 65,690
Current figure App. 78,900 100% 0 - 0 - 0 - App. 78,900
Ref: kosowar Population Censuses for data through 1991, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe estimates for onwards data

Economy[edit]

Skenderaj has historically been the poorest municipality in Kosovo, with little investment having been made since the time of the former Yugoslavia. It suffers from low economic activity and continuous high unemployment. Agriculture is the major local industry but the municipality has not fully developed existing arable land. Today, the local economy consists of small enterprises such as family-run shops and restaurants while two privatized factories, a brick and a flour mill, employ a few hundred people. The other major sector of employment is the municipality’s civil service.[1]

Sport[edit]

Skënderaj is home of the Kosovar Superliga football club KF Drenica.[1]

Notable People[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes:

  1. ^ a b Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 107 out of 193 United Nations member states.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d OSCE Municipal Profile, April 2008
  2. ^ History from the website of the municiapility
  3. ^ Elsie, Robert (2004). Historical Dictionary of Kosova. The Scarecrow Press. p. 63. ISBN 0-8108-5309-4. 
  4. ^ Robert Elsie (1 December 2010). Historical Dictionary of Kosovo. Scarecrow Press. p. 219. ISBN 978-0-8108-7231-8. Retrieved 30 August 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°44′48″N 20°47′19″E / 42.74667°N 20.78861°E / 42.74667; 20.78861