|Municipality and city|
|District||District of Kosovska Mitrovica|
|• Total||51,317 (municipality)|
|• Density||137.1/km2 (355/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Website||Municipality of Skenderaj|
Skenderaj, Skënderaj or Srbica (Albanian: Skënderaj; Serbian: Србица, Srbica; Turkish: Skenderay) is a city and municipality in the Kosovska Mitrovica district of northern Kosovo.[a] It is the largest city in the Drenica region of Kosovo.
The town was formed in 1924 with 30 Serbian and Montenegrin houses built. Traditionally the area around Skenderaj showed a strong resistance to foreign invasions. In the 20th century Albanian resistance began with a kachak movement leaded by Azem Bejta and his wife, Shote Galica, who fought against Bulgarian, Austro-Hungarian and Yugoslavian invaders. At the ending of WW2 in 1944 leader of Brigade of Drenica Shaban Polluzha refused to lead his 12,000 men towards north and join partisan groups in order to pursue the retreating Germans, because Serbian Chetnik groups were attacking the Albanian population in Kosovo.
|Ethnic Composition, Including IDPs|
|January 1999||App. 65,000||99%||690||1%||-||-||-||-||App. 65,690|
|Current figure||App. 78,900||100%||0||-||0||-||0||-||App. 78,900|
|Ref: kosowar Population Censuses for data through 1991, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe estimates for onwards data|
Skenderaj has historically been the poorest municipality in Kosovo, with little investment having been made since the time of the former Yugoslavia. It suffers from low economic activity and continuous high unemployment. Agriculture is the major local industry but the municipality has not fully developed existing arable land. Today, the local economy consists of small enterprises such as family-run shops and restaurants while two privatized factories, a brick and a flour mill, employ a few hundred people. The other major sector of employment is the municipality’s civil service.
- Adem Jashari, Founder of KLA (Kosovo Liberation Army)
- Hashim Thaçi, Political Leader of KLA, Prime Minister of Kosovo (2006-present)
- Hamëz Jashari, Cofounder of KLA and brother of Adem Jashari
- Hasan Prishtina, Political Leader of National Movement
- Sylejman Selimi, Comrade of Adem Jashari, Leader of Drenica Operative Zone and KLA's chief of staff
- Shote Galica, Leader of Kachak Movement in Kosovo and Wife of Azem Galica
- Përparim Hetemaj, footballer
- Mehmet Hetemaj, footballer
Notes and references
- Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 108 out of 193 United Nations member states.
- OSCE Municipal Profile, April 2008
- History from the website of the municiapility
- Elsie, Robert (2004). Historical Dictionary of Kosova. The Scarecrow Press. p. 63. ISBN 0-8108-5309-4.
- Robert Elsie (1 December 2010). Historical Dictionary of Kosovo. Scarecrow Press. p. 219. ISBN 978-0-8108-7231-8. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
|3||Ferizaj (Uroševac)||Ferizaj (Uroševac)||109,899||13||Orahovac||Gjakova||56,932|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Srbica.|