|— Municipality and city —|
|Podujevo (also Podujevë and Подујево)|
|District||District of Pristina|
|• Mayor||Agim Veliu (LDK)|
|• Total||63.25997 km2 (24.42481 sq mi)|
|• Total||87,933 (municipality)|
|• Density||139.0/km2 (360/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Area code(s)||+381 38|
|Website||Municipality of Podujevo|
Podujevo is situated in a strategic position due to a regional motorway and railroad passing through it which links surrounding regions. Pristina, the capital of Kosovo, is located some 35 km (22 mi) to the south. Although there is no official data, the total population of the municipality is estimated at 87,933, including the estimated 35,000 inhabitants of the town.
Podujevo is located in the northeastern corner of Kosovo[a], situated near a regional motorway and railroad which links it to surrounding regions. Pristina, the capital of Kosovo, is located some 35 km (22 mi) to the south.
The archaeological site at Glavnik, a village five kilometres south of Podujevo, might have been ancient Vindenis. A luxurious Roman villa rustica from the late third and early fourth centuries was found at the site, including a mosaic panel of Orpheus (which today is in the Museum of Kosovo).
The region was part of Medieval Serbia. In 1355, Emperor Stefan Dušan gave the village of Braina to Mount Athos. In 1381, Prince Lazar gave Orlane (a village in Podujevo) to his endowment, the Ravanica monastery. Ruins of old Serbian monasteries and churches exist at Orlane, Murgula (destroyed in 15th century), Palatna, Slatina, Svetlje, Rakinica, Metohija (2), Donje Ljupce (destroyed in 15th century), Gornja Pakastica (destroyed in 15th century), Brevnik, Braina (3) and graveyards exist in most of these villages. The village of Brevnik had a notable medieval mine, and a fort with a church.
In the 1455 Ottoman defter (tax registry), villages in the Podujevo region were inhabited solely by ethnic Serbs, Christians: Podujevo had 43 houses (including a priest), Murgula 15 (a priest), Palatna 8, Slatina 18, Svetlje 55 (with a church, priest and three monks), Metohija 51 (with two priests and a monk), Donja Dubnica 9 (a priest), Pakastica 33 (a priest), Braina 67, Bradaš 36 (two priests). Podujevo is also mentioned in the 1487 defter of the Sanjak of Vučitrn.
Podujevo is known for its cattle trade and for its battlefields during the Kosovo War. It has over 70 villages. Podujevo is not one of the major cities of Kosovo, but has a good potential to invite tourists from around Kosovo and other foreign places for its beautiful mountains and Lake Batlava.
The road coming into Podujevo from the city of Niš was the site of the 2001 Podujevo bus bombing, in which a bus carrying Serb pilgrims traveling to the Gračanica monastery site was bombed. Twelve Serb pilgrims were killed and dozens more were injured by the bomb-blast. Kosovo Albanian extremists have been blamed for the attack.
- Adem Demaci, Kosovo Albanian writer
- Kastriot Krasniqi, Kosovo Albanian writer
- Lutfi Lepaja, Kosovo Albanian writer
- Dragan Maksimović, Yugoslav actor
- Agon Mehmeti, Swedish footballer
- Zahir Pajaziti, founding member of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA)
- Radoslav Radivojević (1943-2009), Serbian film director, actor and author
- Fatmir Sejdiu, Kosovo Albanian and former Yugoslav politician
- Jadranka Šešelj, Serbian politician
- Fadil Vokrri, former Yugoslav footballer
- Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the self-proclaimed Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 101 out of 193 United Nations member states.
- OSCE PDF (329 KiB), June 2006, page 2: Introduction: Area and Population.
- Papazoglu 1978, p. 201
- Serbian Studies, Vol. 13 (1999), p. 104
- "Seven killed, 10 severely injured in Kosovo bus explosion". AZ Daily Sun. 12 February 2001. Retrieved 23 April 2013.
- "12th anniversary of terrorist attack on bus carrying Serbs". B92. 12 February 2013. Retrieved 23 April 2013.
- "2001: Serbs killed in Kosovo pilgrimage". BBC. Retrieved 23 April 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Podujevo|
- Municipality of Podujevo (Republic of Serbia)
- Municipality of Podujevo (Republic of Kosovo)
- Podujevo (Albanian)