Drenica

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This article is about a region in Kosovo. For the river in Kosovo, see Drenica (river).
Municipalities of Glogovac and Skenderaj in the Drenica region.

Drenica (Serbian: Дреница, Drenica, Albanian: Drenica or Drenicë) also known as the Drenica Valley, is a hilly region in central Kosovo, covering 1,200 square kilometres (463 sq mi). Located west of the capital Pristina, its population of 110,000 (1991 Census) is largely ethnic-Albanian.[1]

The region comprises the municipalities of Glogovac and Skenderaj and several villages in Klina, Mitrovica, Vushtrri area, with these cities being at the same time the respective municipal capitals and major population enters of each municipality. A popular attraction are the Čičavice mountains, located northeast of Glogovac.

History[edit]

Drenica is first mentioned in 1413, when Đurađ Branković, his mother Mara, and brothers Đurđe and Lazar, endowed the village of Dobroševce to the Monastery of Saint Paul of Mount Athos. Despot Đurađ Branković (1427 —1456) founded the Devič monastery in the region.

The villages surrounding the towns of Glogovac and Skenderaj are the birthplace of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) and the stronghold of albanian nationalism, which began armed operations in Drenica in 1996. A KLA stronghold during the 1998-1999 Kosovo War, the region saw many armed conflicts against the security forces of FR Yugoslavia, then the host nation. The hilltop village of Likovac served as regional headquarters for the KLA until the Serbs recaptured it in an offensive in September 1998. The area around Čičavice also saw activity between Serb forces and the 114th Brigade of the KLA.

The Yugoslav army and paramilitary units used a Feronikel plant near Glogovac as a base for operations from 1998 to 1999. Before the war, the factory produced nickel and ore. After the Albanian workers were laid off or expelled, it was also used as a barracks and a fire base, in which cannons and rockets were fired against KLA positions. The plant was bombed by NATO forces on April 29, 1999, causing an unknown number of casualties and extensive damage.

Notable People[edit]

External links[edit]

Drenica-The Second Serbian Holy Mountain

References[edit]

Coordinates: 42°33′31″N 20°48′45″E / 42.55861°N 20.81250°E / 42.55861; 20.81250