St. Alphonsus Church, Rectory, Convent and Halle (Baltimore)
St. Alphonsus' Church, Rectory, Convent and Halle
St. Alphonsus' Church, March 2012
|Location||112-116, 125-127 W. Saratoga Street
|Area||6 acres (2.4 ha)|
|Architectural style||Gothic Revival|
|NRHP Reference #||73002195|
|Added to NRHP||May 23, 1973|
St. Alphonsus Church, Rectory, Convent and Halle, also known as St. John Neumann Shrine and "Baltimore's Powerhouse of Prayer," is an historic Roman Catholic church complex located in Baltimore, Maryland, United States.
The church is based on the design of St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna and follows a basilica floorplan. The structure is constructed of red brick with limestone accents in the Gothic Revival style. The nave reaches a height of 50 ft (15 m) and the ornate steeple rises 210 ft (64 m) above the three-level bell tower. A 12 ft (3.7 m) gold cross caps the steeple.
The Halle is a 4 1⁄2-story brick structure also in the Gothic Revival style opposite the church across Saratoga Street. It features a center entrance housed in projecting square bay topped by a gable. The adjacent three-story convent and the four-story rectory simple Georgian townhouses of brick. The complex was constructed between 1842 and 1845 and was the first major design by noted Baltimore architect Robert Cary Long, Jr.. From its founding until 1917, the parish was overseen by the Redemptorist Fathers whose members came to Baltimore to minister to the growing German immigrant community. John Neumann was one of the early pastors of St. Alphonsus prior to becoming Bishop of Baltimore in 1860. He was canonized June 19, 1977. Neumann's assistant pastor, Francis Xavier Seelos, served as pastor after his departure and later worked in areas from Connecticut to Illinois and New Orleans. Seelos was beatified April 9, 2000.
By 1917, many of the German immigrants who lived in the area moved elsewhere and St. Alphonsus became a parish for the Lithuanian immigrant community. The church hosts regular Tridentine Masses and masses in Lithuanian.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "Our Church—History". St. Alphonsus Church. Retrieved 2013-11-15.
- "Maryland Historical Trust". Taylor's Chapel, Baltimore City. Maryland Historical Trust. 2008-11-21.
- "Address of the Holy Father Paul VI on the Occasion of the Canonization of Bishop John Newmann". Vatican.va. 20 July 1977. Retrieved 2013-11-15.
- "The Life of Francis Xavier Seelos". Seelos.org. Retrieved 2013-11-15.
- "Archdiocese of Baltimore National Parishes". St. Mary's Seminary and University. Retrieved 2013-11-15.
- St. Alphonsus' Church, Rectory, Convent and Halle, Baltimore City, including photo from 1991, at Maryland Historical Trust
- St Alphonsus Church website
- Explore Baltimore Heritage - St. Alphonsus Church