St Hilary, Cornwall
St Hilary shown within Cornwall
|Population||922 (2011 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Police||Devon and Cornwall|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
|UK Parliament||St Ives|
Chynoweth is an area immediately north of St Hilary churchtown. The land of the parish is high enough to provide views of bays on both coasts, St Ives Bay five miles north and Mount's Bay two miles south.
For the purposes of local government St Hilary has a parish council and elects councillors every four years. The principal local authority in the area is Cornwall Council. During the height of mining activity the population was three times that in the 1930s.
The parish church is dedicated to Saint Hilary of Poitiers and is in the Early English style but had to be rebuilt after a fire in 1853. It has a 13th-century tower and is a Grade I listed building. A children's home existed in St Hilary in the 1920s and 1930s, accommodated in a former pub, the Jolly Tinners.
Penberthy Croft Mine, to the north of the parish, was designated a Site of Special Scientific Interest in 1993 and is noted as the most important site in Britain for secondary ore minerals of lead, copper, and arsenic.
Malachy Hitchins was an astronomer and Vicar of St Hilary. Thomas Pascoe was Vicar of St Hilary for 56 years in the 19th century. Bernard Walke was Vicar of St Hilary, from 1913 to 1936. Father Walke was the author of four religious plays and of an autobiography, Twenty Years at St Hilary (London: Methuen & Co., 1935; reissued by Mott, London, 1982 with an introduction by Frank Baker and ISBN 0-907746-04-7).
The youngest son of Malachy Hitchins, Fortescue Hitchins (1784–1814), was born at St Hilary. He became a solicitor at St Ives, Cornwall, and was the author of "The Tears of Cornubia" and other poems. He compiled material for a history of Cornwall, which after his death was edited by Samuel Drew, and published in 1824.
The ghost of Rev. John Penneck, Chancellor of Exeter, (died 1724) is said to raise great storms here.
- Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 203 Land's End ISBN 978-0-319-23148-7
- Mee, Arthur (1937) Cornwall. (The King's England.) London: Hodder & Stoughton; p. 221
- Walke, B. (2002) Twenty Years at St Hilary. Mount Hawke: Truran; p. 190
- "St Hilary". GENUKI. 2012-03-25. Retrieved 2012-10-05.
- Walke, B. (2002) Twenty Years at St Hilary. Mount Hawke: Truran; pp. 190-97
- [dead link]
- "Penberthy Croft Mine" (PDF). Natural England. 1993. Retrieved 8 November 2011.
- "Anne Walke". Penlee House, Penzance. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
- Malachy Hitchins Oxford Dictionary of National Biography index
- Brown, H. Miles (1976). A Century for Cornwall. Truro: Blackford, pp. 64, 75, 92, 98-100
- Anthony D. Hippisley Coxe, Haunted Britain, pg. 22, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York 1973
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