St Veep Parish Church
St Veep: Penpoll Mill
St. Veep shown within Cornwall
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|Civil parish||St. Veep|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
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|EU Parliament||South West England|
|UK Parliament||South East Cornwall|
The parish is named after Saint Veep of whom little is known (not even whether the saint was male or female).
Half of the village of Lerryn is in St Veep parish. The hamlets of Cliff ( ), Higher Penpol ( ), Middle Penpol and Lower Penpol ( ) are all within the parish.
It is bordered by the parishes of St Winnow to the north west, Boconnoc to the north, Lanreath to the east Lansallos to the south east and Lanteglos to the south. The River Fowey forms its eastern boundary.
In 1549, following the Prayer Book Rebellion a number of well-known Cornish figures and priests were murdered or hanged in Cornwall. These included Richard Bennet, vicar of St. Veep, under the direct orders of Anthony Kingston, Provost Marshal serving under King Edward VI.
Buried within the churchyard is the British stage and film actor Eric Portman (1901–1969). Also Captain Robert Edwin Phillips VC (11 April 1895 - 23 September 1968) of the 13th Battalion, The Warwickshire Regiment. Awarded the Victoria Cross for an action at the River Hai, Kut-el-Amara, Mesopotamia on 25 January 1917.
St Cadix's Priory
A small cell or priory was built by the side of Penpol Creek, today the site is referred to as "St Cadix Priory" but it has also appeared as St Ciric, St Carroc, St Cadokys, St Carrett and St Karroc. There is some uncertainty as to which saint the priory was dedicated to: either 6th century Celtic Saint Cadoc or Cyricus son of Saint Julietta, who the parish church is dedicated to. Little remain of the priory today and a farmhouse has been built on the site in 1710, but there are some remains of a crucifix and ecclesiastical stones dated at 1150 onwards.
In 1100 it the priory was dedicated to the Benedictine Cluniac Montacute Priory in Somerset by William, Count of Mortain. Before that a small cell or holly well had existed. It remained dedicated to the priory until the dissolution of the monasteries in 1536. For most of its time just one monk and prior lived there. Three priors are known: Robertus (1339), Wilhelmi Smythe (1385) and Laurence Castleton (1536). The cells' residents included Walter de Exeter who supposedly wrote a biography of Guy of Warwick in 1301.
After dissolution the freehold of the site was granted to Laurence and Dorothy Courtenay in Sept. 3, 1545. They leased it to the Cavells who leased it to Burchard Kranich a German silver smelter and adventurer. Kranich borrowed £500 from Mary Tudor, £150 from William Godolphin and more from several others to build a "melting house" in Lerryn which cost about £300 to build. Later he was lent £300 by Queen Elizabeth I, who ordered the repair of the bridge in Lerryn. Between 1556 and 1583 at least 2,000 ounces of silver were smelted with ore coming from mine in Tregardoke Mine, Padstow, St Delion, Portysyke, Peran and St Columb.
- "Lake's parochial history of Cornwall - St Veep". Retrieved 19 June 2011.
- Philip Payton - (1996) "Cornwall", Fowey: Alexander Associates
- Foot, Andrew (1986). A History of St. Veep Church & Parish Including Lerryn.
- Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1889). "Exeter, Walter of". Dictionary of National Biography 18. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
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