Stanton upon Hine Heath
||This article uses bare URLs for citations, which may be threatened by link rot. (April 2012)|
|Stanton Upon Hine Heath|
Stanton Upon Hine Heath shown within Shropshire
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||West Midlands|
|UK Parliament||North Shropshire|
Author Mary Webb (1881–1927) lived with her parents in Stanton from 1896 to 1902, at house then called The Woodlands, later called Harcourt Manor. Another author, Barbara Comyns Carr(1907–1992), died in the village and is buried in the graveyard of the village church, St. Andrew's. Nearby is the village of Moreton Corbet.
Moreton Corbet Castle
The first castle built at Moreton Corbet was not built from stone, but was most likely to have been a timber building. It was around 1200, that the Castle became a stone structure. The Castle was an impressive build; it consisted of a gatehouse, a keep, high curtain walls surrounding it and unlike most other castle's, was rough triangular in shape.
In 1086, at the time of the Domesday Survey, Moreton Castle, and twelve other manors, were held by Thorold of Verley from Roger of Montgomery. Both of his tenants, Hunning and Wulfgeat of Saxon descent, had been allowed to keep their estates as they were pre-Conquest tenants also. However, in 1086, the manor was passed to one of Hunning's Saxon contemporaries, known as Toret.
Toret's son, Bartholomew Toret, fell out with King of England at the time, King John, and was thrown into jail. The Castle was passed onto the Norman Richard Corbet of Wattlesborough, when his daughter married him in 1239.
After the marriage between Toret's heiress and Richard Corbet, Moreton Corbet Castle became their home during the 12th century. On 5 August 1100, a grant of 'Hortuna' was made by the Corbet family to William 'Macro' and his heirs, requiring them to provide military protection for the parish of Stanton Upon Hine Heath for a duration of close to 35 years.
The Great Reform Act
In 1832, Parliament passed a law changing the British electoral system. It was known as the Great Reform Act.
This was a response to many years of people criticising the electoral system as unfair. There were many constituencies with only a handful of voters that elected two MPs to Parliament. This made it easier for candidates just to buy votes as there were so few voters and no secret ballot existed in these rotten boroughs. However, towns such as Manchester that had grown during the previous 80 years had no MPs to represent them.
In 1831, the House of Commons passed a Reform Bill, but the House of Lords, dominated by Tories, defeated it. There followed riots and serious disturbances in London, Birmingham, Derby, Nottingham, Leicester, Yeovil, Sherborne, Exeter and Bristol.
In England, King William IV lost popularity for standing in the way of reform. Eventually though, when the House of Lords gathered news that the King had agreed to create new Whig peers, the immediately agreed to pass the Reform Act. Rotten boroughs were removed and the new towns given the right to elect MPs, although constituencies were still of uneven size.
As a result of this Great Reform, Stanton upon Hine Heath was able to bound itself as its own parish.
Approximately one mile to the South West of Stanton upon Hine Heath is RAF Shawbury, which dates back to 1917. Between the First and Second World War, the area was transformed to agricultural land; however, at the outbreak of the Second World War, it had to be converted back to an airfield for military reasons. RAF Shawbury was named Number 11 (Pilot) Advanced Flying Unit, responsible for training pilots both from the UK and Allied territories. The base now serves as a training centre for RAF air traffic controllers.
Population of the parish was highest for the 1831 census with 722 residents, however, the population slowly started to shrink to a current estimated population of 529 in recent decades.
Trends and changes
|Year||Total Population||Ten Year Change|
Since the beginning of the 19th century, the population of the parish increased dramatically from 599 people to a population of 722 (127 households) in 1831. This was an increase of 20% in the population in 30 years. However, after this date, the population didn't carry on increase, but started to decrease in size. By the middle of the 20th century, the population was lower than in 1801, standing at 563 (159 households); nearly a 25% decrease in the population.
1881 was straight after the Industrial Revolution, were advances in agricultural, textile and metal manufacturing, transportation, economic policies and social changes took place in England. However, during this period, not a huge amount of industrial change took place in this small rural parish. The majority of the male population (145) were still working in agriculture. However, surprisingly, the majority of women (3914) were working in domestic and office work. These industrial changes took such a long time to be implemented because it was a rural parish and didn't have the resources to support such heavy machinery and huge factories.
St Andrew's Church
The local church of Stanton upon Hine Heath, St Andrew's, is set in a quiet location in the south-western corner of the village. The church is grouped with neighbouring churches of Shawbury and Moreton Corbet; construction on all three buildings commenced in the 12th century. Author Barbara Comyns Carr (1907–1992), who died in the village, is buried in the graveyard, which also contains a war grave of a soldier of World War I.
Local Joint Committee
The Local Joint Committees (LJCs) enable people in each parish in Shropshire to get involved with the decision making of the Shropshire Council.
In total, there are 28 Local Joint Committees, with Stanton Upon Hine Heath being in LJC 03, along with Loppington, Myddle and Broughton, Clive, Grinshill, Hadnall, Moreton Corbet and Lee Brockhurst, Shawbury, Wem Town, Wem Rural, Whixall and Weston under Redcastle. Each Parish has a representative who, along with the Shropshire Councillors, attends the Shropshire Council four times a year, giving the locals a chance to meet with their councillors and raise issues of concern about services or problems within their committees.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stanton upon Hine Heath.|
- Dickins, Gordon (1987). An Illustrated Literary Guide to Shropshire. Shropshire Libraries. pp. 74, 115. ISBN 0-903802-37-6.
- "Welcome to Discovering Shropshire's History". Shropshirehistory.org.uk. 26 September 2006. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "The National Archives Learning Curve | Power, Politics and Protest | Great Reform Act". Nationalarchives.gov.uk. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "History – British History in depth: Overview: Empire and Sea Power, 1714 – 1837". BBC. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "RAF Shawbury – History". Raf.mod.uk. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Stanton upon Hine Heath AP/CP through time | Population Statistics | Total Population". Visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Shropshire Towns Starting with S : Population, Area Size". Itraveluk.co.uk. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Stanton upon Hine Heath AP/CP through time | Population Statistics | Population Change". Visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "81.02.06: The Industrial Revolution". Yale.edu. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Stanton upon Hine Heath AP/CP through time | Industry Statistics | Occupation data classified into the 24 1881 'Orders', plus sex". Visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- A Church Near You. "Stanton upon Hine Heath S.Andrew, Stanton upon Hine Heath – Shropshire | Diocese of Lichfield". Achurchnearyou.com. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
-  CWGC Casualty Record.
- [dead link]