Surfin' U.S.A. (song)

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"Surfin' U.S.A."
Single by The Beach Boys
from the album Surfin' U.S.A.
B-side "Shut Down"
Released March 4, 1963
Format 7"
Recorded January 5, 1963
Genre Surf rock
Length 2:27
Label Capitol
Writer(s) Brian Wilson
Chuck Berry
Producer(s) Nick Venet
The Beach Boys singles chronology
"Ten Little Indians"
(1962)
"Surfin' U.S.A."
(1963)
"Surfer Girl"
(1963)
Surfin' U.S.A. track listing
Endless Summer track listing

"Surfin' U.S.A." is a song performed by the Beach Boys featuring lyrics by Brian Wilson set to the music of "Sweet Little Sixteen," written by Chuck Berry. "Surfin' U.S.A." was released as a single on March 4, 1963. It also appeared on the 1963 album Surfin' U.S.A. It debuted on network television via The Steve Allen Show broadcast two days before release with the band lip-synching it. It peaked at number two in the chart of the Music Vendor trade paper (within a year renamed Record World) and at number three on the Billboard and Cash Box charts. The B-side of the single is "Shut Down". The song features Mike Love on lead vocals.

It was revived in 1977 by teen idol Leif Garrett for a top 20 hit in the USA, and featured in the hit 1985 Michael J. Fox comedy Teen Wolf.

Composition[edit]

The song features Brian Wilson's surfing-related lyrics set to the music of Chuck Berry's "Sweet Little Sixteen". According to Wilson,

"I was going with a girl called Judy Bowles, and her brother Jimmy was a surfer. He knew all the surfing spots. I started humming the melody to 'Sweet Little Sixteen' and I got fascinated with the fact of doing it, and I thought to myself, 'God! What about trying to put surf lyrics to 'Sweet Little Sixteen's melody? The concept was about, 'They are doing this in this city, and they're doing that in that city' So I said to Jimmy, 'Hey Jimmy, I want to do a song mentioning all the surf spots.' So he gave me a list."[1]

When the single was released in 1963, the record listed Brian Wilson as the sole composer although the song was published by Arc Music, Chuck Berry's publisher. Later releases, beginning with Best of The Beach Boys in 1966, listed Chuck Berry as the songwriter. Later releases list both writers although the copyright has always been owned, since 1963, by Arc Music. Under pressure from Berry's publisher, Wilson's father and manager, Murry Wilson, had given the copyright, including Brian Wilson's lyrics, to Arc Music.[2]

Despite tensions with Berry over the controversy at the time, Carl Wilson said the Beach Boys "ran into Chuck Berry in Copenhagen and he told us he loves 'Surfin' U.S.A.'."[3]

Surfing spots[edit]

In the song the following surfing spots are mentioned, mostly in California, with one (or two) in Hawaii and one in Australia:

Single release[edit]

The "Surfin' U.S.A." single, backed with "Shut Down," was released under Capitol Records in the United States in March 1963. The song peaked on the Billboard pop chart at number three, the band's first top ten hit therein (see also Surfin' Safari). The B-side charted at number 23. The song was re-issued in the U.S. as a single in July 1974 backed with "The Warmth of the Sun". That single also hit the Billboard Hot 100 chart, peaking at 36.

In the United Kingdom, the single was released in June 1963. The third single by the band to be issued in the UK, it became the first single to chart. It would go on to peak at 34 (28 in the New Musical Express).

In Australia, the single was released in 1963 and peaked at 9, becoming the band's first single to chart in Australia. The single was re-released in Australia in 1974 and again charted, peaking at 66. In Canada and Sweden, the single was released in 1963 and peaked on the charts at 6 in both countries. In July 1963, in the national charts used by Billboard, it peaked at #9 in Hong Kong, #8 in Austria the following month; in August 1964 at #9 for two weeks in Japan.

Chart performance summary[edit]

Chart (1963) Peak
position
U.S. Billboard Hot 100 3
Australian Singles Chart[4] 9
Canadian Singles Chart[5] 1
Swedish Singles Chart[6] 6
UK Singles Chart 34
Chart (1974) Peak
position
U.S. Billboard Hot 100 36
Australian Singles Chart 66

Musicians[edit]

The Beach Boys
Additional Personnel

Album and alternate releases[edit]

The song was first released on an album as the title track on the band's 1963 album Surfin' U.S.A.. In July 1963, a month after the song had been issued as a single in the United States, Capitol issued the Surfin' U.S.A. EP featuring "Surfin' U.S.A." & "Shut Down" on the A-side and "Surfer Girl" & "Surfin' Safari" on the B-side. The EP however, failed to chart. In May, 2003 Capitol again issued the song on an EP along with "Surfer Girl", "Don't Worry, Baby", and "The Beach Boys Medley". However, the record failed to make an impact on the charts.

A demo version of the song featuring only Brian Wilson singing and playing piano was released on the 1993 box set, Good Vibrations: Thirty Years of The Beach Boys. A different demo version, in which Wilson is joined by drums was released on the 2001 archival release Hawthorne, CA. Both demos feature similar minor lyrical differences from the final recording. Both demos are played in the key of E major, in contrast to the final recording which was pitched in E.

The instrumental track of the final recording was also released on the Hawthorne, CA album. This version of the cut does not 'fade out', but continues on well past the original ending of the song until it ends abruptly.

Live versions[edit]

After being released the song became a concert regular for the band. The band recorded live versions of "Surfin' U.S.A." on several Beach Boys albums. It was first released on The Beach Boys in Concert album. A concert from Anaheim Stadium on July 3, 1976, which featured the song was filmed and produced by Lorne Michaels for a Beach Boys television special which first aired in the United States in August, 1976. The TV special was later released on VHS and DVD as Good Vibrations Tour. In 1980, a live rendition was recorded, though not released until 2002 on the Good Timin': Live at Knebworth England 1980 live album. Footage from the concert was also released on VHS and DVD format. A live version was also released on the band's 1993 box set Good Vibrations: Thirty Years of The Beach Boys.

The band also performed a live version of the song at the NBC Television Studios in Burbank, California, which was filmed on March 14, 1964. Footage of the concert was later released on the DVD The Lost Concert. The band performed the song on The T.A.M.I. Show which was filmed at the Santa Monica Civic Auditorium on October 28 and 29, 1964, and featured other top artists of the day such as Chuck Berry, Marvin Gaye, The Supremes, James Brown & The Famous Flames and The Rolling Stones. The concert was released as a film in 1964 featuring the Beach Boys performance. However, after the initial showing of the film Brian insisted that the band's performance be cut from the film. Because of a rights dispute the footage of the Beach Boys' performance does not appear in most versions of The T.A.M.I. Show. The footage was eventually released on the DVD Sights of Summer included with the special 2004 edition of Sounds of Summer: The Very Best of The Beach Boys.

On November 28, 1992, while on tour in Australia, the Beach Boys gave a live concert in Narrabeen, New South Wales, and performed "Surfin' U.S.A." at the end of the encore.[7]

Also, Alan Jardine included the song on his Live In Las Vegas album.

Cover versions[edit]

The song was recorded and released by Jan & Dean on their 1982 album, One Summer Night/Live.

Papa Doo Run Run covered the song on their 1985 album California Project. The Jesus and Mary Chain covered the song, which appears on their 1988 album Barbed Wire Kisses, a compilation of B-sides and rare tracks. Typical for early style of The Jesus and Mary Chain the song features large amounts of feedback. The power metal band Blind Guardian covered the song on their 1996 album The Forgotten Tales. Noise punk band Melt Banana covered the song on their album 13,000 Miles At Light Velocity. Pre-teen pop singer Aaron Carter performed a cover of the song. It was released as a single in 1998, and also appeared on the 1998 re-release of his self titled debut album. John B. & The Surfin´ Safaris covered the song on their 2002 album A Tribute to the Beach Boys. In an episode of The Muppet Show, the song was performed by Kermit the Frog (as Sinbad the Sailor), Sweetums, and a group of frog sailors. Crossover thrash band M.O.D. (Method of Destruction) made "Surfin' U.S.A." the second track on 1987's Surfin' M.O.D..

Frank Sidebottom recorded a version as Surfin Timperley (Timperley being nowhere near the sea, and therefore not a place where surfing is possible). Redgum parodied this track as "Servin' USA". Alvin and the Chipmunks covered the song for the 1983 Alvin and the Chipmunks episode "The Curse of Lontiki" and the soundtrack Songs from Our TV Shows. Pennywise have also covered the song at various live performances.

Serbian rock band Eva Braun covered the song with lyrics in Serbian language entitled "Zviždi Srbija" in 1997, but the song had not been officially released until 2008 on the compilation album Off the Record.

Japanese Rock band FLOW covered the song in full English, for their American tour.

On the UK version of Takeshi's Castle, an instrumental version of the song is heard on the game 'Wipeout'.

In 2014, British pop rock band The Vamps covered the song for their EP entitled "Last Night".

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Badman, Keith. The Beach Boys (2004): 32
  2. ^ Pegg, Bruce. Brown Eyed Handsome Man (2002): 162-163
  3. ^ Good Timin': Live at Knebworth England 1980 DVD, 2002.
  4. ^ "Australian Singles Charts". mountvernonandfairway.de. Retrieved 12 November 2007. 
  5. ^ "Canadian Singles Charts". mountvernonandfairway.de. Retrieved 12 November 2007. 
  6. ^ "Swedish Singles Charts". mountvernonandfairway.de. Retrieved 12 November 2007. 
  7. ^ "Beach Boys Live Concert, North Narrabeen Reserve, Sydney, Australia, 28 November 1992". Retrieved 2012-03-13.