|Elevation||667 m (2,188 ft)|
|Time zone||IRST (UTC+3:30)|
|• Summer (DST)||IRDST (UTC+4:30)|
Tabas (Persian: طبس, also Romanized as Ţabas; formerly, Golshan or Gulshan) is a city in and capital of Tabas County, South Khorasan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 30,681, in 7,962 families.
Tabas is located in central Iran, 950 kilometers southeast of Tehran, in South Khorasan Province. At first, it was part of the greaterKhorasan province, but in 2001 it was annexed to Yazd Province. However in 2013 it was returned to Khorasan and it became part of South Khorasan province. The name Khorasan means the land of the rising sun. There are two other places in Khorasan called Tabas, but the name Tabas usually refers to the city under discussion.
It is a desert city with lots of date and citrus trees. It has a 300 years old public garden, (Baghe-golshan. There is also a shrine in Tabas that is visited every year by thousands of pilgrims. Tabas has two universities, with 2500 to 3500 students. The city has hot summers and people rarely see a winter snowfall.
The people of Tabas speak a dialect of Farsi that according to some is the original Parsi language, similar to the Farsi spoken in Afghanistan across the border, also known as "Khorasani" Farsi, after the historic region of Khorasan. The dialect sounds different from Tehrani Farsi but is generally understood by everybody in Iran.
The history of Tabas dates back to pre-Islamic times. It was an important outpost of the Sassanid empire and during the Arab invasion it was considered the gateway to Khorasan. It was spared when the Mongols attacked Iran. It had a local government incorporating not only Tabas, but also Ferdows and Gonabad. The failed rescue operation Operation Eagle Claw occurred near Tabas.
Tabas was stricken by a destructive earthquake on September 16, 1978 that left around 22,000 dead. The earthquake was measured between 7.5 and 7.9 on the Richter scale. Since then, the city has been rebuilt with many new streets, parks and public buildings.
Multiple bus lines, a railroad station and an airport connect tabas to Mashhad, Yazd ,Tehran, Kerman and Birjand, the capital city of South Khorasan province.
- Tabas can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3086556" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
- "طبس به خراسانجنوبی ملحق شد." (in Persian). ISNA. Retrieved 29 March 2013.
- "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11.
- "معرفی شهرستان طبس، پیشینه تاریخی" (in Persian). Yazd Province Governorship. Retrieved 29 March 2013.