|Elevation||667 m (2,188 ft)|
|Time zone||IRST (UTC+3:30)|
|• Summer (DST)||IRDST (UTC+4:30)|
Tabas (Persian: طبس, also Romanized as Ţabas; formerly, Golshan or Gulshan) is a city in and capital of Tabas County, South Khorasan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 30,681, in 7,962 families.
Tabas is located in central Iran, 950 kilometers southeast of Tehran, in South Khorasan Province. At first, it was a part of the Khorasan province, but moved to Yazd Province in 2001. Finally it is moved to South Khorasan Province in 2013.
It is a desert city with lots of date and citrus trees. It has a 300 years old public garden, (Baghe-golshan) and the shrine of Ali ar-Ridha's brother, Hosein-Ibn-Mousa-Alkazem who is buried there. Tabas has two universities. The city has hot summers and people rarely see a winter snowfall.
The people of Tabas speak a variety of Persian that is more conservative in its phonology and vocabulary,which is closer to the way Persian was spoken in the past. The dialect sounds different from standard Iranian Persian but is generally understood in Iran.
The history of Tabas dates back to pre-Islamic times. It was an important outpost of the Sassanid empire and during the Arab invasion it was considered the gateway to Khorasan. It was spared when the Mongols attacked Iran. It had a local government incorporating not only Tabas, but also Ferdows and Gonabad. The failed rescue operation Operation Eagle Claw occurred near Tabas.
Tabas was stricken by a destructive earthquake on September 16, 1978 that left around 22,000 dead. The earthquake was measured between 7.5 and 7.9 on the Richter scale. Since then, the city has been rebuilt with many new streets, parks and public buildings.
Multiple bus lines, a railroad station and an airport connect tabas to mashhad, yazd ,Tehran, Kerman and Birjand, the capital city of South Khorasan province.
- Tabas can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3086556" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
- "طبس به خراسانجنوبی ملحق شد." (in Persian). ISNA. Retrieved 29 March 2013.
- "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11.
- "معرفی شهرستان طبس، پیشینه تاریخی" (in Persian). Yazd Province Governorship. Retrieved 29 March 2013.