Tabora

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For the village in the Ruvuma Region, refer to Tabora, Ruvuma
Tabora
Municipality
Captives in Tabora (1907)
Captives in Tabora (1907)
Tabora is located in Tanzania
Tabora
Tabora
Location in Tanzania
Coordinates: 5°1′S 32°48′E / 5.017°S 32.800°E / -5.017; 32.800
Country  Tanzania
Region Tabora Region
Population (2012)
 • Total 226,999
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Tabora[1] is the capital of Tanzania's Tabora Region and is classified as a municipality by the Tanzanian government. According to the 2012 census, it had a population of 226,999.[2]

History[edit]

Tabora was founded by Arab traders in the 1850s (known then as Kazeh) and became a centre of the slave trade. In August 1871, one-quarter of the town was burned when the forces of the Wanyamwezi ruler Mirambo sacked it.[3] Although the German East Africa protectorate was proclaimed over the region in 1885, as late as 1891 travellers reported it to be a lawless town, and the German colonial administration did not gain control of it until later that year. As a major station on the Central Line it became the most important administrative centre of central German East Africa.

During the East African Campaign of World War I, colonial armed forces of the Belgian Congo (Force Publique) under the command of General Charles Tombeur captured the town on 19 September 1916 after heavy fighting. The Arab name of the town was restored after 1919.

Socio-economic situation[edit]

Tabora and its people mainly rely on agricultural activities as either sustenance farmers or small-scale tobacco farmers. Tabora also hosts a ballast quarry.[citation needed]

Food and culture[edit]

Indian shops (1906)
Street in Tabora (1907)

Tabora's streets are lined with century-old mango trees planted by Omani traders. Tabora is known as the fruit capital of Western Tanzania, and markets are often filled with local produce.[citation needed]

Tabora has many small local restaurants offering typical Tanzanian restaurant food like Ugali (a thick maize porridge), chips, or rice with beans, beef or chicken. For breakfast or lunch, there is usually chipsi-mayai (chips and egg), which is basically a couple of eggs fried together with some chips. Although the food is bland, it is usually served with Tanzanian chili sauce, which gives the meal some character.[citation needed]

A local specialty is pumpkin in peanut butter sauce. This goes with the rice pilau served widely throughout the region.

For snacks there are local sambusa (samosa), some goat meat on a stick or some freshly roasted corn of the cob, all widely available in Tabora. There is a choice of fruit in the large regional market of Tabora, including pineapple, watermelon, and bananas.

Tourism[edit]

Tabora does not have many tourist attractions. It is well off the beaten track, with few tourists. Of note is Fort Boma, erected at the end of the 19th century by the Germans and still in use by the military of Tanzania. Another colonial remnant is the railway station.

15 kilometres south-west of Tabora is Kwihara, formerly known as Kazeh and an important town in the slave trade until the Germans started developing Tabora. Kazeh's best-known visitors were David Livingstone and Sir Henry Morton Stanley, who were highly impressed by the town of Kazeh. There is a small museum dedicated to Dr. Livingstone, the Livingstone Museum, with entry fee of 2,000 Tanzanian shillings.

Another day trip from Tabora is Igombe Dam, a local forest reserve.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Tabora
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
28
(83)
28
(83)
28
(82)
28
(83)
28
(83)
28
(83)
29
(85)
32
(89)
32
(90)
31
(88)
28
(83)
29
(84.5)
Average low °C (°F) 17
(63)
17
(63)
18
(64)
17
(63)
17
(62)
15
(59)
14
(58)
16
(60)
17
(63)
19
(66)
19
(66)
18
(64)
17
(62.6)
Precipitation cm (inches) 13
(5)
12.4
(4.9)
16.8
(6.6)
13.7
(5.4)
2.8
(1.1)
0.3
(0.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.8
(0.3)
1.5
(0.6)
9.9
(3.9)
17
(6.7)
88.2
(34.6)
Source: Weatherbase [4]

Transport[edit]

Dirt roads connect Tabora to the national capital of Dodoma and to Mwanza in the north. Salt flats to the west prevent a direct road from connecting to Kigoma.

In January 2013, the Tanzanian government announced the commencement of work to upgrade to tarmac level the Tabora-Urambo road and the 127 kilometres (79 mi) Nyahua-Tabora-Ndono road.[5] In December 2012, Prime Minister Mizengo Pinda stated the Tanzanian government's intent to upgrade the 359 kilometres (223 mi) Tabora-Inyonga-Mpanda road to tarmac level before 2015.[6] In August 2011, Deputy Minister for Works Harrison Mwakyembe told the National Assembly that the government had begun to tarmac the 115 kilometres (71 mi) Tabora-Puge-Nzega road.[7]

Tabora is a junction on the Central railway line, which goes west to Lake Tanganyika and north to the port of Mwanza on Lake Victoria. Trains leave three times a week in any direction.

Tabora also has its own airport, with flights on airline Fly540 to Kigoma everyday except Wednesdays and Sundays.[8]

Tabora is small enough to walk from one side of town to the other. Bicycle taxis, motorbike taxis and regular taxis are available.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Many ínternet sites claim a former German name of the town as "Weidmannsheil" without giving references. This claim, however, is obviously mistaken. The German Koloniallexikon (encyclopedia of the German colonies) of 1913 in its entry on Tabora has no mention of "Weidmannsheil" nor do the maps in the same encyclopedia show this name at all. There may be a mixup with a hunting hut known by the name of Weidmannsheil (the name is a greeting among hunters) along the Ugalla River southeast of Tabora. Compare Paul Matschie, Die Säugetiere Deutsch-Ostafrikas, 1895, p. 96 (scanned online text)
  2. ^ Population Distribution by Administrative Units, United Republic of Tanzania, 2013
  3. ^ Stanley: Africa's Greatest Explorer, authored by Tim Jeal, Faber & Faber, 2011, page 76
  4. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Tabora, Tanzania". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on 25 July 2013.
  5. ^ "Kikwete launches 358bn/- Tabora road projects", In2EastAfrica, 9 January 2013
  6. ^ "Mpanda-Tabora road to be tarmacked – PM", In2EastAfrica, 20 December 2012
  7. ^ "Tanzania: Tabora Tarmac Road to Be Built", The Citizen, reprinted at allAfrica.com, reported by Daniel Msangya, 9 August 2011
  8. ^ "Tabora (TBO) flight index", Flightmapper.net

Further reading[edit]


Coordinates: 5°01′S 32°48′E / 5.017°S 32.800°E / -5.017; 32.800