Morogoro

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Morogoro Municipal Council
Municipality
Mji kasoro bahari
Panorama of Morogoro Town
Panorama of Morogoro Town
Morogoro Municipal Council is located in Tanzania
Morogoro Municipal Council
Morogoro Municipal Council
Location of Morogo in Tanzania
Coordinates: 6°49′S 37°40′E / 6.817°S 37.667°E / -6.817; 37.667Coordinates: 6°49′S 37°40′E / 6.817°S 37.667°E / -6.817; 37.667
Country Tanzania
Area[1]
 • Total 360 km2 (140 sq mi)
 • Land 260 km2 (100 sq mi)
 • Water 100 km2 (40 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Total 315,866
Time zone GMT +3

Morogoro is a city with a population of 315,866 (2012 census) in the southern highlands of Tanzania, 169 kilometres (105 mi) west of Dar es Salaam, the country's largest city and commercial centre, and 223 kilometres (139 mi) east of Dodoma, the country's capital city.[3] Morogoro is the capital of the Morogoro Region. It is also known informally as "Mji kasoro bahari", which translates as "city short of an ocean/port".

Overview[edit]

Sisal plantations in the outskirts of Morogoro (Uluguru Mountains in the background

Morogoro lies at the base of the Uluguru Mountains and is a centre of agriculture in the region. The Sokoine University of Agriculture is based in the city. A number of missions are also located in the city, providing schools and hospitals.

Morogoro is the home of Salim Abdullah, who was the founder of the Cuban Marimba jazz band, and the Morogoro Jazz Band, another well-known band established in 1944.[4] From the mid-1960s to the 1970s, Morogoro was home to one of Tanzania's most influential and celebrated musicians, Mbaraka Mwinshehe, a lead guitarist and singer-songwriter.[4]

Morogoro is home to the Amani Centre, which has helped over 3,400 disabled people in the surrounding villages.[5]

Transportation[edit]

Transport on bicycles and motorbikes is common

Morogoro is served by a station on the Central Railway of Tanzania Railways. Public transport buses called dala dala are available for transport within the town.

Water supply[edit]

Eighty percent of the Morogoro's water supply comes from the Mindu Dam on the Ngerengere River. The dam project, begun in 1978, has been controversial. The lake behind the dam has led to high rates of bilharzia infection,[6] and mercury run-off from gold mining nearby the dam has polluted the city's water supply.[7] The dam is also being rapidly silted due to deforestation in the surrounding areas.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Morogoro
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 32
(89)
32
(89)
31
(88)
29
(85)
28
(83)
27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(83)
29
(85)
31
(88)
32
(90)
32
(89)
29.8
(85.9)
Average low °C (°F) 21
(69)
21
(70)
21
(69)
21
(69)
19
(66)
16
(61)
15
(59)
16
(60)
17
(62)
18
(64)
19
(67)
21
(69)
18.8
(65.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 99
(3.9)
97
(3.8)
173
(6.8)
206
(8.1)
99
(3.9)
28
(1.1)
15
(0.6)
10
(0.4)
15
(0.6)
25
(1.0)
51
(2.0)
71
(2.8)
889
(35)
Source: Weatherbase [3]

Sports[edit]

The city is represented in the Tanzanian Premier League by football club Mtibwa Sugar F.C.

Education[edit]

The main campus of the Sokoine University of Agriculture is situated in Morogoro. Jordan University College is also located in Morogoro.

Sister cities[edit]

The city of Milwaukee in the state of Wisconsin in the United States is a sister city of Morogoro as designated by Sister Cities International.[8] Morogoro is also twinned with Linköping in Sweden and Vaasa in Finland.[citation needed]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Morogoro at Wikimedia Commons