Talbiseh

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Talbiseh
تلبيسة
Talbisa
Talbiseh (background) and sheep grazing (foreground), 1930s
Talbiseh (background) and sheep grazing (foreground), 1930s
Talbiseh is located in Syria
Talbiseh
Talbiseh
Location in Syria
Coordinates: 34°50′0″N 36°44′0″E / 34.83333°N 36.73333°E / 34.83333; 36.73333
Country  Syria
Governorate Homs
District Al-Rastan
Subdistrict Talbiseh
Elevation 455 m (1,493 ft)
Population (2004)
 • Total 30,796
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) +3 (UTC)

Talbiseh (Arabic: تلبيسة‎, also spelled Talbisa, Tell Bisa, Talbeesa) is a large town in northwestern Syria administratively part of the Homs Governorate, about 10 kilometers north of Homs. Nearby localities include al-Rastan to the north, al-Ghantoo to the southwest and al-Mashrafah to the east. The old town of Talbiseh is situated on an isolated hill.[1] According to the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) Talbiseh had a population of 30,796 in 2004.[2] Its inhabitants are mostly Sunni Muslims.[3]

History[edit]

Talbiseh is built atop an ancient tell ("artificial mound").[4] In 1945 a large hoard of Byzantine Empire-era copper coins were discovered in Talbiseh.[5] The roughly 835 coins, which dated back to 631 CE, consisted of three specimens depicting the emperors Justin II, Phocas and Heraclius Constantine.[6]

Ottoman era[edit]

During the Ottoman era, particularly throughout the 18th-century, Talbiseh served as one the principal rural fortress towns in northern Syria and it was located along what was known as the "Sultanic Road" which eventually led to Istanbul, the seat of the sultanate. Its importance had grown as a result of the decline of Maarrat al-Nu'man and Hisyah.[7] The Jundi family had normally provided the aghawat ("governors") of the fortress, and would later provide three of Hama's governors around the year 1800.[8] During a revolt by the Mawali tribes of northern Syria, the governor of Talbiseh's fortress, Abd al-Razzaq al-Jundi, was executed by the tribesmen.[9]

Talbiseh was described a village of mud houses in the mid-19th century. Unlike most Syrian villages at the time whose houses had flat roofs, the mud houses had dome-shaped roofs.[10] According to traveler Albert Socin, in the early 20th-century Talbiseh's houses had a cubical base, conical roofs and no windows. The roofs were constructed of overlapping internal layers of stone.[1]

Modern era[edit]

In 1950 a violent conflict arose between the Barazi family, a prominent landowning clan of Kurdish descent, and the rural inhabitants of Talbiseh, when the former attempted to seize a fertilizer shipment from the town's peasantry.[11]

Syrian civil war[edit]

Talbiseh witnessed large demonstrations protesting against the government of Bashar al-Assad in April 2011 as part of the 2011–2012 Syrian Uprising.[12] Since the beginning of the insurrection, the city has become a stronghold for the opposition and the anti-government Free Syrian Army (FSA).[13] As such, Talbiseh has been targeted by the Syrian Army and security forces throughout the uprising. Between 29 May and early June 2011 Syrian troops backed by tanks entered and besieged the city with the stated aim of rooting out "terrorist groups." Opposition activists claimed troops were raiding houses and arresting suspected dissidents. Five residents and four soldiers were reportedly killed in the first day of the operation.[14]

On 8 June 2012, three civilians and nine Syrian troops were killed in fighting in the Talbiseh area.[15] Heavy fighting between the Syrian Army and the FSA continued until at least 11 June. According to United Nations observers, the FSA took a number of government soldiers captive.[16] The Syrian Army attempted to retake Talbiseh on 21 July, sparking heavy clashes in the city and subsequent artillery bombardment.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Socin, 1906, p. 367.
  2. ^ General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Homs Governorate. (Arabic)
  3. ^ Oudat, Bassel. Capital of the Revolution. Al Ahram Weekly. 2011-12-21.
  4. ^ Boulanger, 1966, p. 364.
  5. ^ American Numismatic Society, 1955, p. 108.
  6. ^ Pottier, 2004, p. 120.
  7. ^ Douwes, 2000, p. 67.
  8. ^ Douwes, 2000, p. 68.
  9. ^ Douwes, 2000, p. 97.
  10. ^ Walpole, 1851, p. 179.
  11. ^ Hinnebusch, 1990, p. 70.
  12. ^ Syria protests: Homs city sit-in 'dispersed by gunfire'. BBC News. 2011-04-19.
  13. ^ "Syrian forces attack Homs amid fears of new massacre". BBC News. 2012-06-11. Retrieved 2012-06-23. 
  14. ^ "Syrian tanks attack three central towns". Al Jazeera English. 2011-05-29. Retrieved 2012-06-23. 
  15. ^ "Syria bloodshed kills 41 on Thursday, activists say". NOW Lebanon. Agence France-Presse. 2012-06-08. Retrieved 2012-06-23. 
  16. ^ UN observers voice concern over Homs. NOW Lebanon. 2012-06-11.
  17. ^ Syria crisis: Heavy clashes in second city of Aleppo. BBC News. 2012-07-21.

Bibliography[edit]